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social studies project
Transcript of social studies project
world. It is located in South America, 9,316 km
from Canada. Brazil covers an area of 8,515,000 km². It has a population of 192 millions. The capital of Brazil is Brazilia. The landscape in Brazil is different in every region. In the north you'll find the Amazon Rainforest, In the south, the land is more open, full of hills and low mountains. To the east, the Atlantic ocean makes up the Brazil cost line. In this coast line, there are several mountains that can be over 2,900 meters high. In the west, Brazil has multiple boarders with countries like Argentina, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay as well as the Andes mountains. Everyone thinks of the Brazil as being either super hot, like the interior, or very hot and humid, like the Amazon region. However, Brazil actually has six climatic regions: tropical rainforest, tropical wet and dry, tropical monsoon, hot semiarid, humid subtropical and subtropical highland.
In Brazil the temperature is usually hot (22-26 degrees C) and there is not much of a difference between the hottest and coldest months of the year. The hottest and driest part of Brazil is the Northeast, where a temperature of over 38C is reached during the dry season, between May and November. The Northeast sometimes gets up to seven droughts a year! Here, rainfall evaporates at a very high rate, making it difficult to grow crops.
The coastal region is cooler (average temperatures of 22-26 degrees C) and the inland part of Brazil is even cooler (17-19 degrees C).
Most of Brazil has moderate rainfall which is about 1000 to 1500 mm, except in the Amazon region, where they get over 2000 mm or per year! Most of the rainfall is between April and December. Drought in Brazil's Amazon! Rainforest! Bibliography My Links : http://brazil.costasur.com/en/geografia.html
http://images.nationalgeograpic.com/wpf/brazil.html On April 22, 1500, a Portuguese navigator called Pedro Alvares Cabral reached the shores of Brazil. The country took its name from brazilwood. This is a redwood tree usually found along the Brazilian coastline. Redwood was ordinarily used to dye garments back in Europe. Brazil was a colony of Portugal until it became an independent country on 7 september 1822. When did Brazil become a country ? The economy of Brazil is now the world's 6th largest, and is expected to become number five before the end of 2012. Its economy is the largest in Latin America and is currently one of the world's fastest growing.
Brazil has a population of over 190 million people. Brazil has abundant natural resources.
Brazil also has one of the tenth largest markets in the world. It produces 10s of millions of tons of steel, 26 million tons of cement, 3.5 million tv sets and 3 million refrigerators each year!
Brazil exports transport equipment, iron ore, soybeans, footwear, coffee and cars. Brazil's exports total $256 billion per year.
Brazil imports machinery, electricals, chemical products, and oil. It's imports total $219.6 billion.
Brazil has a trade surplus. Industry The language that Brazilians speak is Portuguese.
In Brazil, there is a huge carnival held 6 days before Easter. The word carnival comes from the word "carnelevare" which means "to remove meat". They say this because during Lent, many Roman Catholics do not eat meat.
For the carnival people make floats. The floats would be made of wood, styrofoam and cloth.
In the southern citys of Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo, Huge parades are held by samba schools. Samba is a famous type of dance in Latin America.
In the Rio de Janeiro carnival of 2011, 4.9 million people attended! Brazil's main industries include service (67%), manufacturing (27.5%) and agriculture (5.5%).
Brazil makes textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, cars and parts and other machinery.
Brazil also has the capacity to produce an average of 70 million cubic metres of petroleum annually.
Brazil's industrial production is 3/5 of all the industrial production of Latin America.
The biggest 3 companies in Brazil are:
1-Petrobras (petroleum) - this is the 10th largest company in the world.
2- Itau - which is a bank.
3- Bradesco - also a bank. Fun Facts about Brazil -Brazil exports 25% of the worlds raw cane and refined sugar.
-Brazil is the worlds leader in soybean production.
-Brazil makes 80 percent of the world's orange juice.
-since 2003, Brazil has the highest sales figures for beef and chicken in the world.
-Brazil has the second largest industrial sector in the Americas.
-Brazil has the 8th largest number of billionaires in the world
- one third of all cars use ethanol instead of oil
- Brazilian archeologists accidentally found a mine filled with iron, steel and magma by accident when they crashed a helicopter. Agriculture When did Brazil become a republic ?
Brazil remained as a monarchy from 1822-1889 that's almost 67 years. The change of monarchy to republic took place without bloodshed (without war) . Brazil gained its independence on September 7th 1822 from Portugal.
Brazil became a republic in November 15 1889. They did not have to fight against anyone. The King himself declared Brazil to be free. H Brazils government today: Today Brazil is a vibrant democracy. The current President is Dilma Vaua Rousseff . She is the first Women to be president of Brazil . Brazil has been chosen to host the world cup in 2014 and the olympic games in 2016. Food: Brazil has many variety of food to choose from. since its hot the climate is good for planting vegetables and fruits. Brazilians eat a lot of meat and seafood. One of the three most consumed foods and drinks are rice, beans and coffee. Another thing that brazilians eat a lot is bread, 63% of the population eats it on a daily basis. On the other hand beef is consumed by almost half of the population, 48% . In every region of Brazil there are different percentage of foods that are eaten like in the Central West region of Brazil they eat the most rice, beef and whole milk, While those who live in the Southeast eat more beans, yogurt, and potatoes than anywhere else in the country. Music Main Canadian Imports : Inorganic Chemicals , Sugar , Machinery , Motor vehicles , Preserved food, mineral fuel, precious stones and metals, coffee, tea and spices, iron and steel. Overview Canada officially started trading with Brazil in 1866. As of 2011 Brazil is Canada 12th largest trading partner. The bilateral trade (both ways) reached 6.7 billion in 2011. Canadian exports accounted for 2.8 billion and imports were of 3.9 billion. This means that Canada has a trade deficit with Brazil. Quebec Ontario and B.C trade the most with Brazil. Quebec 34.5%, B.C 15.1%, Ontario 19.5% . Main exports include: machinery, fertilizers, paper, electronic equipment, and mineral fuels, cereals, pharmaceuticals, Services and Investments Canada and Brazil trade in services like infrastructure (roads, gas station, buildings, etc) travel, transportation, education, aerospace, defense and security, clean and ocean technology, and automotive.
In addition, the Canadian government and Canadian companies invest 13.5 billion in Brazil (2010 figures) Brazil originated first from Portuguese settlers and immigrants as well as African slaves. Later on other European immigrants arrived like Italians, Spaniards and Germans. Brazil has the largest Japanese population outside of Japan. However, Brazil 's indigenous people called Amerindian were there before the European settlers arrived. In 50 years, Brazil's population went from 51 million to 187 million. This rapid growth required Brazil's agriculture production to grow too. They did this by creating a agribusiness sector.
Through investment and use of technology and the Land Reform Program the country created over 2 million new jobs. In Brazil, cattle are called the "Green Ox". Brazil's Green Ox is the biggest cattle farm in the world with 198 million heads. They export 1 billion dollars of beef a year.
Some of the music was influenced by African, European and Amerindian forms. After 500 years of history, Brazilian music developed some unique and original styles such as samba, zouk-lambada, lambada, choro, bossa nova, frevo, forró, maracatu, MPB, funk carioca, RAP, sertanejo, Brazilian rock.
A dance that is very traditional is Capoeira it crosses between MA music and dance. It was created by African slaves, when the portuguese moved to Brazil they brought African slaves with them. Capoeira became a traditional dance after-wards. More of Brazil's trading partners: Main Export Destinations: China, USA, Argentina, Netherlands and Germany Main Imports: Machinery, Mineral , Mineral fuels and oils, Electrical and electronic equipment, Vehicles, Organic chemicals Obrigado Brazil and Argentina, came together to begin creating a trade agreement that we know today as the Mercosur (the common market of the south), a provincial trade agreement between Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay. China
• United States
• Mexico Brazil's top trading partners Questions Questions ? 1. Who is the president of Brazil ?
2. What is another word for both ways ?
3. Name three of there main trading partners? Map OF Brazil Government