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Cells

By: Tiffany Liao & TIffany Loi
by

Tiffany Liao

on 15 January 2013

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Transcript of Cells

By: Tiffany (Liao & Loi) CELLS Animal Cells An Animal Cell Plant Cells A Plant Cell Similarites and Differences cell wall Rough ER Smooth ER Nucleolus Nuclear
Membrane Organelle- A small organ in cell that preform a speicific function Cell membrane - allow some substances to pass into the cell and blocking others.
Cell wall - rigid structure that encloses and supports plant cells
Centrosome - where microtubules are made. Also helps the division of cell.
Chloroplast - harvest energy of sunlight to produce sugar
Cytoplasm - support to the cell and speeds up inter-cellular travel.
Golgi body -packages proteins and carbohydrates into membrane-bound vesicles for "export" from the cell.
Lysosome - where the digestion of cell nutrients takes place.
Mitochondrion - converts the energy stored in glucose into ATP.
Nuclear membrane - controls what enters and leaves the nucleus.
Nucleolus -where ribosomal RNA is produced
Nucleus - controls many functions of the cell and contains DNA (in chromosomes).
Ribosome (free and bound) - for protein synthesis.
Rough ER- transports materials through the cell and produces proteins.
Smooth ER- transports materials through the cell. It contains enzymes and produces and digests lipids and membrane proteins.
Vacuole - maintains fluids, removes wastes, stores ingested food, and provides and maintains cellular structure. What's inside a cell? What is a cell? structural unit of living organisms
2 types: prokaryotic and eukaryotic Prokaryotes single-celled organism
no nucleus some have flagella to help them swim Eukaryotes have a nucleus
lots of organelles
all life forms except viruses, archaea, and bacteria
2 types: plant and animal Plant Animal yes no chloroplast yes no centrioles no yes lysosomes no yes Differences 5+7= (cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr shape rectangular round cell membrane vacuoles one large multiple small Similarities cytoplasm smooth and rough ER ribosomes mitochondrion Golgi body nucleus MATCH THAT ORGANELLE! cell membrane cytoplasm chloroplast lysosome mitochondrion nucleolus nucleus rough ER smooth ER vacuole E. allow some substances to pass into the cell and blocking others D. harvest energy of sunlight to produce sugar I. support to the cell and speeds up inter-cellular travel A. where the digestion of cell nutrients takes place H. converts the energy stored in glucose into ATP G. where ribosomal RNA is produced B. controls many functions of the cell and contains DNA (in chromosomes) J. materials through the cell and produces proteins C. transports materials through the cell. It contains enzymes and produces and digests lipids and membrane proteins. F. maintains fluids, removes wastes, stores ingested food, and provides and maintains cellular structure MATCH THAT ORGANELLE! ANSWERS cell membrane cytoplasm chloroplast lysosome mitochondrion nucleolus nucleus rough ER smooth ER vacuole E. allow some substances to pass into the cell and blocking others D. harvest energy of sunlight to produce sugar I. support to the cell and speeds up inter-cellular travel A. where the digestion of cell nutrients takes place H. converts the energy stored in glucose into ATP G. where ribosomal RNA is produced B. controls many functions of the cell and contains DNA (in chromosomes) J. transports materials through the cell and produces proteins C. transports materials through the cell. It contains enzymes and produces and digests lipids and membrane proteins. F. maintains fluids, removes wastes, stores ingested food, and provides and maintains cellular structure E D I A H G B J C F
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