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The Pygmalion Effect

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by

Winema Poti

on 20 March 2015

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Transcript of The Pygmalion Effect

Cons
What is the Pygmalion Effect?
"When we expect certain behaviors of others, we are likely to act in ways that make the expected behavior more likely to occur.” (Rosenthal and Babad, 1985)
The Pygmalion Effect
Back in Time
Pros and Cons
Examples
Personal example:
I applied the Pygmalion Effect to a team project in one of my summer classes.
Outcome: the individual I tested ended up performing really well in order to help the group succeed
Outline
Definitions
History/Background
Pros and Cons
Examples
Tips
Conclusion

by Winema Poti
Positive expectations tend to have a positive effect on performance
Negative expectations tend to have a negative effect on performance
Modern Studies
1965: Rosenthal and Jacobson conducted an experiment at a public elementary school.
Pygmalion was a sculptor who fell in love with his creation of an ivory statue. He begged the gods to bring his statue to life and they granted his request.
In Greek Mythology
They told teachers that based off of the students intelligence pre-tests, certain kids had the potential to excel academically.
2 things the teachers didn't know:
the "potential" students were chosen at random
the initial test didn't relate to the study in any way.
Pros
In Business:
Managers can influence the success of employees
Good performance can help reach company goals
In the classroom:
High school students are more likely to graduate from college when teachers have high expectations for their success
Helps drive success that can't be achieved on its own
Tips
Non-verbal signals: body language, tone of voice, etc.
Be a model of excellence
Celebrate small victories
Make failure unacceptable
Clearly establish high expectations
In Business:
Influenced by past performance
Negative self-perception can lower self-confidence
Limitations can confine someone so that they will never reach their full potential
In the classroom:
Teachers think that high expectations are important, but they're not always confident that everyone can achieve academic success
I can't do it!

They can't do it!
Other:
The little engine that could
Sports (Coach towards the players)
Sources:
Boser, Ulrich, Megan Wilhelm, and Robert Hanna. "The Power of the Pygmalion Effect." Name. Center for American Progress, 2015. Web. 20 Mar. 2015.
Bruns, Chrissy, Laura McFall, Marika McFall, Tiffany Persinger, and Brooks Vostal. "The Pygmalion Effect." The Pygmalion Effect. N.p., 6 Dec. 2000. Web. 20 Mar. 2015.
Center for Teaching Excellence. "The Pygmalion Effect." The Pygmalion Effect. Duquesne University, 2014. Web. 20 Mar. 2015.
Rosenthal, Robert, and Lenore Jacobson. "Pygmalion in the classroom." The Urban Review 3.1 (1968): 16-20.
Solomon, Ben. "The Pygmalion Effect: Communicating High Expectations." EduTopia. George Lucas Educational Foundation, 16 Dec. 2014. Web. 18 Mar. 2015.
Willis, K., and Angela B. "What Is the Pygmalion Effect?" WiseGeek. Conjecture, 2015. Web. 20 Mar. 2015.
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