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Current Communicative Approaches
Transcript of Current Communicative Approaches
1)CLT- historical background
3)The aims of CLT, the notion of “communicative competence”
4)The real legacy of CLT
Language teaching in the last 50 years (Richards, 2002)
grammatical competence as the basis of language proficiency.
Study and analysis of a language > usage of the language in communication
Phase 2 and 3: Classic and Current Communicative Language Teaching (1970s to the present)
"an approach to foreign or second language teaching which emphasizes that the goal of language learning is
and which seeks to make
language use a focus of all classroom activities
" (Richards &
Schmidt, 2002, p. 90).
"CLT does not teach about language; rather, it teaches
Current Communicative approaches
Astghik, Hripsime and Nelli
The aims of CLT
1)achieve “communicative competence” (Hymes,1972)
Communicative competence- the skills, knowledge needed for using the language in meaningful communication.
Grammatical competence- using the rule instead of stating it
Discourse competence- how meaning of individual words are interpreted in relation to the entire discourse
Sociolinguistic competence- understanding the social context in which the communication takes place
Strategic competence- strategies needed to initiate, terminate, maintain and repair communication
CLT- an eclectic approach to language teaching,
evolutionary rather than revolutionary
The real legacy of CLT
"frequently expressed misunderstanding is the belief ... that it is a new methodology which has come to replace the structural
approach ... The most significant contribution of the communicative approach is that it has brought about
a more comprehensive view of teaching and learning.
(cited in McDonough
& Shaw, 1993, p. 25)"
perhaps the most enduring legacy of the communicative approach will be that
it has allowed teachers to incorporate motivating and purposeful communicative activities and principles into their teaching
simultaneously retaining the best elements
of other methods and approaches
rather than rejecting them wholesale.(Brown, 2004)
Communicative activities encourage and require a learner to be engaged in communication.
Real life communication is the target.
Characteristics of Communicative Activities
Learners are not dependent on teacher. They gain autonomy while learning.
Peer-teaching (pair work, group work).
Communicative activities are motivating, lively and fun.
Types of Activities
Functional Communication Activities
comparing sets of pictures and finding differences.
discovering missing information, features and locations.
Social Interaction Activities
role-playing and simulations
conversation or discussion sessions (debates, classroom talk, conversational topics)
Tell me and I forget.
Teach me and i remember.
me and I
Communicative activities. (2010, May 30). Retrieved from http://myenglishpages.com/blog/communicative-activities/
Source:Littlewood, W. (1981). Communicative language teaching. (22nd ed., pp. 22-32). Cambridge, England.
Littlewood, W. (1981). Communicative language teaching. (22nd ed., pp. 43-49). Cambridge, England:
What are these procedures?
Any device that helps the learners is accepted (role plays, drills,translations, games, etc)
Would you please open the door?
Open the door.
Phase 1: traditional approaches (up to the late 1960s
CLT- a paradigm shift within language teaching in 20th century
communicative view of language (CLT) versus structural view (SLT)
2)develop procedures for teaching the four language skills that acknowledge the interdependence of language and communication