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Election; E-Voting OR Ballot Paper System

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Abdul Basit

on 29 April 2014

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Transcript of Election; E-Voting OR Ballot Paper System

Does may 2013 election results were trust worthy or what if e-voting was used?
Which System of Voting Is Preferred by People of Pakistan?
“Elections belong to the people. It's their decision. If they decide to turn their back on the fire and burn their behinds, then they will just have to sit on their blisters”
~Abraham Lincoln

"The ignorance of one voter in a democracy impairs the security of all"
John F. Kennedy
Data Analysis.....
Advantages & Disadvantages of Polling System and E-Voting
Data Analysis...
Polling System
Electronic Voting
From the total sample, 77% of the population preferred electronic voting (biometric system) to vote in elections, other 16% favored polling system (ballot paper system) to vote, remaining 7% prefer other voting methods.

Tuesday, April 29, 2014
Vol 001, No. 01
Elections are unique. They change the fate of nations, influence participation and activism in politics, and deeply affect the lives and attitudes of citizens.

So in this context, here we will provide what are the opinions of people of Pakistan regarding electronic voting and which system do they prefer, also which system is more reliable and flexible, polling system OR e-voting?
Conclusively, as proved by statistics of survey, people of Pakistan preferably wants electronic voting to be organized as a voting system for electioneering process.

If electronic voting will be introduced in Pakistan it will reduce the errors in voting, time and effort needed to calculate election results and will improve the reliability and accuracy of the results.
By using Biometric system of voting we can give a fair chance to every leader to win on the basis of his/her capability and not on the basis of strength of money and power.
Although there are some limitations in e-voting systems which must be catered.
Election; E-Voting OR Ballot Paper System Pros n Cons
Simplest way of casting votes.
Paper ballots are easily understood by voters and are inherently voter verified.
The paper ballot is the official record of the vote.
Casting of bogus votes.
Time consuming and slow.
High rate of result tempering.
Polling stations taken over by party loyalties.
Cyber crimes, viruses.
Software hacking.
Systems delay.
May cause errors in calculations.
84% said No they have not trusted last election results.
Remaining 16% had trusted the results.
From the total population:
54% of the total sample said they had trusted election results if biometric system was used.
whereas, 16% said No.
remaining 30% said Maybe.
Raja Hasan
Syed Shayan
Syed Talha
Abdul Basit
Fareeha Sultan
Convenience sampling and descriptive analysis has been used as a statistical technique.

Face to face surveys with people of Pakistan, and from various countries around the world.

Interviews and questioning with government officials of Pakistan like NADRA.
In contrast to polling system (ballot paper system) e-voting (biometric system) is more flexible, accurate, error free, speedy and above all cannot be corrupted easily.

But despite of the advantages there exist some limitations to this system in Pakistan which we have observed.
1. Akash Wagadre , Bhagyashree B. Thorat , Stuti Sharma (2013), “Online Voting System Using Biometric Security”, International Journal of Enhanced Research in Management & Computer Applications, ISSN: 2319-7471 Vol. 2, Issue 5, May-2013.

2. David Zhang (2000), “Automated Biometrics; Technologies and Systems”, Hong Kong Polytechnic University.

3. Dr. Thomas Yeboah, Dr Ing Edward Opoku-Mensah, Mr. Christopher Ayaaba Abilimi (2013), “A Proposed Multiple Scan Biometric Based Registration System for Ghana Electoral Commission”, Journal of Engineering, Computers & Applied Sciences (JEC&AS) Volume 2, No.7, July 2013, University of Ghana.

4. Kåre Vollan (2005), “Observing electronic voting”, The Norwegian Centre for Human Rights, Norwegian Resource Bank for Democracy and Human Rights (NORDEM).

5. Mr. Mayur Patil, Mr. Vijay Pimplodkar, Ms. Anuja R. Zade, Mr.Vinit Vibhute, Mr..Ratnakar Ghadge (2013), “A Survey on Voting System Techniques”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, volume 3, issue 1.
Literature Review
Data Analysis
NADRA Official's Perspective
It's confidential.
E-voting setup cannot be organized so easily.
Lack of funds.
E-voting is better than polling system.
The Voting Flow Chart
Literature Review
David Zhang introduces biometrics, discusses some basic concepts regarding biometrics, goes on to explore physical biometric systems, design of biometric systems and their applications.
Akash Wagadre , Bhagyashree B. Thorat , Stuti Sharma investigates biometric authenticated online voting system.
Kåre Vollan analyzes the factors associated with ballot paper voting system and Biometric voting system.
Khasawneh, M., proposes a multifaceted online e-voting system.
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