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Key elements of industrialisation

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by

Naroa Mugartegi

on 10 December 2013

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Transcript of Key elements of industrialisation

Industrial Revolution
What is it?
The transition to new manufacturing processes.
It happened between 1760 and 1820-1840.
This transition included:
- going from hand production methods to machines.
- new chemical manufacturing.
- iron production processes.
- from wood to coal.

Key elements of industrialisation
During the Industrial Revolution, 3 areas made an imporant contribution to economic growth:
The textile industry
- Is concerned with production of:
Yarn
Cloth
Design or manufacture of clothing and their distribution
- The raw material may be:
Natural
Synthetic (using products of the chemical industry)
Innovations in the Industrial Revolution
Innovations
Spinning machines

Weaving machines

Increased the amount of cotton fabric

Lower prices

definition
Converting the fibres of a material like wood into thread
definition
Making fabric or other material by interlacing threads
located in
factories
, where every workers were responsable for a different part of the production process.
-The
division of labour
made textile manufacturing more efficient.
Iron and steel production
Innovations in the Industrial Revolution
Innovations
The production of iron and steel in foundries required large quantities of fuel, such as
coke
.
Solid fuel made by heating coal.
this fuel was needed to heat blast furnaces.
Bessemer converter

New machines used fuel more efficiently
This machine allowed foundries to produce larger quantities of steel, as well as better-quality product.
Transport
The process is named after its inventor, Henry Bessemer, who took out a patent on the process in 1855.
At the beginning:
Inland transport was by navigable rivers and roads, with coastal vessels employed to move heavy goods by sea.
Railways or wagon ways were used.
Canals had not yet been constructed.
Later:

The growth of the Industrial Revolution depended on the ability to transport raw materials and finished goods over long distances.
There were three main types of transportation that increased during the Industrial Revolution:

waterways
roads
railroads
Innovations in the Industrial Revolution
Innovations
Steam engine
A heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam.
Steam locomotive
Steamship
The first public railway
All this innovations made it possibe to transport large quantities of goods more quickly and more easily.
Full transcript