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The Spread of Islam AP

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by

Saadia Hussain

on 8 October 2015

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Transcript of The Spread of Islam AP

The Spread of Islam
How it spread
Conquest by Turkic-speaking groups from Central Asia
Trade
Hinduism v. Islam
Polytheistic
Divine images
Caste system
Monotheistic
No images
Equality

"Popular Islam"
Appropriation of food for rituals
Celebration of Ramadan moon sighting

Converts
Buddhists
Low-caste Hindus (equality)
Avoid paying jizya
Sufis - "mystic" Muslims
Islam in India - Separate distinctive minority
Spread through Trade

Converted to better trade with Muslims
Spread Islam through trade
Marriages between Muslim foreigner and natives
Brought kids up as Muslims
Spread through mostly trade
Not forced on natives
Still allowed to practice native religions along side Islam
Muslims & Non-Muslims living in harmony
Christians
Arabic
veiled women
stopped eating pork
Muslims completely driven out when Spain reclaimed by Christians
Monotheistic religion ruling other monotheistic religions
Dhimmis - non-Muslims afforded protection
Jizya - tax for protection
Decrease the impact and backlash of imperial conquest
"Superior Arabs"
Non-Arab Muslims and Dhimmis had to pay taxes
Conversion through conquest
The Berbers - New Arabs
Arab Empire to Islamic Empire
Regional identities coexisting with Muslim identity
Golden Age
Mecca
Medina - Four Rightly Guided Caliphs
Umayyads
Al-Andalus
Abbasids
West Africa
East Africa
Islam in Southeast Asia
Arabization - acceptance of not only Islam but also the language and culture that "goes with it"

Islamization - acceptance of Islam but retaining own culture

Conversion through conquest
Took on the Arab language but change it to fit local words
Treated as second-class under the Umayyads
Slow to discriminate against non-Muslims
Where Islam started off
Middle East
India
Spain
North Africa
Egypt
West Africa
East Africa
Southeast Asia
Moved to hereditary succession
Moved capital to Damascus
Caliph v. Ulama
Caliph - lost power as religious leader
Ulama - solidified shariah
Dhimmi
include non-monotheistic religions
no jizya tax
Increased trade - dhows
Paper from China - poetry
Universities (madrasa) - Kept Greek philosophy alive
Abstract & geometric art
Domed mosques (minarets)
Arabic numerals & algebra
Known for expanding the caliphate
Delhi Sultanate
661-750
750-1517
711-1492
Full transcript