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The Korean War: Perspectives

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Joohyung Lee

on 20 May 2015

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Transcript of The Korean War: Perspectives

Korean War: Overview
- After WWII, Korea was split into two countries: North Korea being controlled by the USSR, and South Korea being controlled by the U.S.
- As a result, N. Korea became communist, S. Korea became a republic

Perspective: U.S.A
- Wanted to keep S. Korea a Communist-free country.
- “Attack on South Korea were all seen as a consistent aggressive strategy of International Communism, led by Moscow,“ (Korea Orbit)
- Shows that U.S.A. was determined to "save" Korea from Communism
U.S.A. Cont.
“In the simplest of terms, what we are doing in Korea is this: We are trying to prevent a third world war.” Harry S. Truman, April 16, 1951 (Oxford)
Perspective: USSR
- Sided with the North Koreans
- Soviets provided some soldiers, but mainly supplied the N. Koreans with military vehicles and weapons
- Claimed that they were not a part of the war
(The Armed Forces in the Korean War)
Perspective: N. Korea
- Denied that they started the war
- Blamed America for the war
- "Even if you try to tell the truth about the war to North Korean people, no one would be likely to believe it." (NK News)
Perspective: U.N.
- Did not want to be part of another conflict
- After N. Korea didn't stop, U.N. voted to join the war with the U.S. and S. Korea
- 9/11 countries voted to join (USSR was absent, China voted against)
- Shows that they also wanted to prevent communism from spreading (History Learning Site)
The Korean War: Perspectives
By: Joohyung Lee, Period 1

- Started on June 25th, 1950 when the N. Koreans crossed the 38th Parallel (The border between N. and S. Korea)
- Ended on July 27th, 1953, which created the division between N. and S. Korea that still exists today (History.com)
Overview: Cont.
- Battle between Communism (USSR, China and N. Korea) and Democracy (U.S. and U.N.)
Main Perspectives:
- China
- N. Korea
- S. Korea
- U.S.
- U.N.
Map of the Korean War's Main Advances
Perspective: S. Korea
Perspective: China
- U.S.A. had to take the risk of total war + the expansion of communism from the USSR (Koreaorbit)
"North Korea is fully responsible for the war. Although China and the Soviet Union were involved, it was North Korea ultimately crossed the 38th parallel to start the war."
- Cho Soon-Ok (My Grandmother)
"The North Korean forces came into my neighborhood and rounded up all the teenage boys. We were being sent away to fight for the communists, so I snuck out and ran away to the south. They took all out food away and bombed us using grenades. I heard that many families survived by digging under their house hiding, and eating powdered grain to fill their stomachs." - Lee Dal-Geun (My grandfather)
Who was Responsible for the War?
What were the North Korean Forces Like?

- Did not expect the North Koreans to attack
- North Koreans were the ones to blame
- Did not have the military strength to repel the invaders
- Shows that the U.S.A. was determined to stop communism from spreading.
- Korean War intervention: Very important to the prevention of the spreading of communism
U.N. Resolution 84
July 7, 1950
"The Security Council,
Having determined that the armed attack upon the Republic of Korea by forces from North Korea constitutes a breach of the peace.
Having recommended that Members of the United Nations furnish such assistance to the Republic of Korea as may be necessary to repel the armed attack and to restore international peace and security in the area."
What the N. Koreans Teach About the War
Video Analysis
- Claims that they "liberated" Seoul
- Shows that they think their actions are justified
- Also stated that the enemy forces attacked first and that the N. Korean invasion was a counter offensive
- States that American aggression started the war
- The war was named: "The War to Resist America and Aid Korea." (Moore)
- "Chinese history textbooks state that the Korean War began when 'the United States assembled a United Nations army of 15 countries and defiantly marched across the border and invaded North Korea.'" (Moore)
Chinese War Propaganda
Poster Analysis
- The poster depicts General MacArthur, an American war hero committing war atrocities
- U.S. dropping bombs on Chinese factories
- Innocent woman and infant being slaughtered
- MacArthur holding the bloodied knife: Shows that he's a murderer
UN Security council voting on the intervention of the Korean war with the South Koreans
South Korean troops, moving to the Lookout Mountains (1953)
(Corbis Images)
- Shows that the U.N. was willing to help S. Korea win the war
- They blame N. Korea for disrupting the peace
- Joined to restore the lost peace and security
USSR Tank:
Model T34
Model T34
- Soviets supplied around 200 tanks to N. Koreans
- Tanks destroyed Seoul (Capital of S. Korea), humiliated U.S. soldiers
- Equipped with self propelled guns
- Tough armor=Strong defense

Communist Forces
- North Korea still does not realize that they started the war (NK News)
- Russia denies any involvement (The Armed Forces in the Korean War)
- China finally admitted that the N. Koreans started the war and rewrote that in their new history textbooks
Allied Forces
- U.S. still blames N. Korea. The Korean war was renamed as the "Forgotten War," as many do not know about it (Unforgettable: The Korean War)
- U.N. Blames N. Korea for breaching the peace
- South Koreans blame N. Korea's breach of peace. Created a war museum to remember the war
Works Cited
River, 1953. Daily Mail. Associated Newspapers, 17 Mar. 2014. Web. 18 May 2015. <http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2582923/Last-casualties-Korean-war-Burial-400-Chinese-soldiers-peninsula-massive-ill-equipped-Red-Army.html>.
"Unforgettable: The Korean War." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 19 May 2015. <http://www.pbs.org/program/unforgettable/>.
"The United Nations and the Korean War." History Learning Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 May 2015. <http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/united_nations_korean_war.htm>.
UN Security Council meeting of June 27, 1950. Delegates voting to intervene on behalf of South Korea. Soviet delegate's chair empty. Corbis Images. Corbis, n.d. Web. 18 May 2015. <http://www.corbisimages.com/stock-photo/rights-managed/NA015596/un-security-council-meeting-of-june-27>.
Yoon, Mina. "Who Do North Koreans Think Started the Korean War?" NK News. NK News, 8 Jan. 2014. Web. 17 May 2015. <http://www.nknews.org/2014/01/who-do-north-koreans-think-started-the-korean-war/>. This web site provided information on the North Korean perspective on the Korean War. The author, Mina Yoon, from NK News, interviewed both North Korean and South Korean people and have concluded that the North Koreans were taught that the U.S. and South Korea had started the war. The source also provides an explanation on why the North Koreans believe that the U.S. and South Korea were responsible for the war. This secondary source should be used by people who are researching the perspectives of the Korean War.
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