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Occupational Therapy - Alzheimer's Treatment
Transcript of Occupational Therapy - Alzheimer's Treatment
Alzheimer's Disease Interference Alzheimer's is a type of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior. Symptoms usually develop slowly and get worse over time, becoming severe enough to interfere with daily tasks. (Alzheimer's Association) Inability to carry on conversation
Limited response to environment
Confusion about events, time, and place
Unfounded suspicions about family, friends, and professional caregivers
Difficulty speaking, swallowing, and walking
Serious memory loss
(Alzheimer's Association) WHOLE person - what functions of the individual (physical, sensory, cognitive, social, psychological), do these symptoms interfere with? "Occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants work with individuals who have Alzheimer's disease (AD) and with their families to maximize occupational engagement, promote safety, and enhance quality of life." (The American Occupational Therapy Association) Assessment and Observation...
**Develop an Occupational Profile
individual's valued occupations
roles and routines
level of occupational performance
what abilities remain (as opposed to what the individual can no longer do) Considering the Individual DETERMINING APPROACH Which habits, routines, performance patterns will prolong independence?
Personal interests - mold an individualized intervention
Stage of Disease: Early Stage
Areas of Occupation:
Work/volunteer, IADLs, Leisure, Social participation
Occupational Therapy Intervention:
Modify environmental and activity demands
Maintain safe engagement in IADLs with appropriate supports and resources.
Establish primary and secondary social network with family and community.
Promote involvement in leisure activities of choice Treatment Planning *Set goals
*How can goals be achieved? Stage of Disease: Middle stage
Areas of Occupation: ADLs, Leisure, Social participation, Sleep Occupational Therapy Intervention
Maximize engagement in ADLs
Train caregivers in tailored activity programs
Create opportunities for leisure skills
Pursue community-based programs designed for people with cognitive loss
Prevent sleep disturbances Phase 3 Stage of Disease: Late Stage
Areas of Occupation: ADLs, Social, participation, Sleep Therapeutic Use of Self - modeling a behavioral approach Occupational Therapy Intervention:
Maintain client factors to participate in ADLs
Modify approach to social participation