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Learn about... students in PreKindergarten to Second Grade

A closer look at the popular culture, cognitive development and characteristics of young children. How can we best engage with this level of learner and their teachers?
by

Iseult Coffey

on 23 September 2010

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Transcript of Learn about... students in PreKindergarten to Second Grade

Learn about… Students from
PreK to Second Grade What do young children learn in school? What is school like
for young children? How do young children
use technology? What are young children interested in outside school? What kind of learners
are young children? Junior Infants First Class 7-8 years Intellectual Development Pre-Operational Period (Age 2-7) Not logical thinkers Egocentric Animism Symbolism Things happen by magic -- "It just vanished, all by itself!"
Reality dominated by perception -- "I can't see it, so it's not there. 2 See the world though their own eyes.
Can't take another persons perspective. Everything has a conciousness -- "Trees get sad when they lose their leaves." Realize that symbols can stand for things., for example, letters represent sounds. 5-6 years Preschool PreK 3-5 years K indergarten Toilet trained
Engages through play
Follows simple instructions
Can make themselves understood
Can transition from one activity to another
Has spent time away from his/her primary carer
Interacts with other kids
Recognises some letters, but can't read Likes talking a LOT
Practices and expands skills
Better at processing information
Reads simple paragraphs
Reads texts in and out of the classroom.
May not fully comprehend much of what they read
Works with groups to solve problems
Count and write numbers to 100 Second Grade Science water cycle
seasons
dental hygiene
electricity and magnetism
animal and plant life
life cycles
seasons
matter
Earth and space Engages through play
Very talkative - approx 2000 words
Questions the world - 'how?' and 'why?'
Listens to books read aloud
Plays with letters and sounds to make words
Counts to 10
Active imagination
Reads simple words only 6-7 years Senior Infants First Grade Learns by doing
Learns by making mistakes
Needs encouragement
First steps toward fluid reading
Listens for sounds in words
“Invent” their own spellings
Better at following rules
Limited independence from teacher
Reads simple sentences K indergarten Reading Math The Arts Science Social Studies Phys Ed Recognize and write the letters of the alphabet in upper- and lowercase forms
Phonics
Recognize sight words, such as the
Read simple sentences
Retell a story that has been read aloud Health & Development Meanings of holidays, traditions, and customs
Understanding and appreciating other cultures
Individual's role in family, home, school, and community
Self-respect and self-awareness
Awareness of others Observation of everyday, familiar things
Common animals and plants
The sun: our principal source of energy
Weather and Seasons
Temperature
Light
Colors
Senses
Earth, moon, stars, planets
Simple measurement
Beginning experimentation Identify numbers up to 20
Count by ones, fives, and tens to 100
Know basic shapes such as square, triangle, rectangle, and circle Follow class rules
Separate from a parent or caregiver with ease
Take turns
Cut along a line with scissors
Establish left- or right-hand dominance
Understand time concepts like yesterday, today, and tomorrow
Stand quietly in a line
Follow directions agreeably and easily
Pay attention for 15 to 20 minutes First &
Second Grade recognize name and core words in print
good grasp of concepts about print
phonemic awareness - blends and digraphs
silent e
decode words
answer questions about texts
read books
reading fluency
comprehension
doing research Reading Math quickly add and subtract
add and subtract three-digit numbers
measure length, weight, and volume
count money (coins)
tell time to the quarter hour
add and subtract decimal numbers
less than (<) and greater than (>)
able to do metal addition and subtraction The Arts Social Studies communities and neighbourhoods, cities, states and nations
simple maps
life in earlier times
beliefs, customs, and ceremonies of different cultures
work people do to produce goods and services Phys Ed Singing
Playing and listening to instruments
Moving to music
Vocabulary
Learning musical notation
Famous musicians Music Learn to value fitness
Learn to move in new ways
Balancing skills
Throwing
Teamwork
Hold a crayon and pencil correctly
Share materials such as crayons and blocks
Know the eight basic colors: red, yellow, blue, green, orange, black, white, and pink Music Visual Arts Sing simple songs like B-I-N-G-O
Play rhythm instruments, like drums Visual Arts work independently at their desks
listen to longer sets of directions
read directions off the board
do homework
see things from another person's point of view
solve disagreements
distinguish left from right
plan ahead
begin to reason and concentrate
cooperative group work
know right from wrong Health & Development explore new art materials,, like clay and papier maché
colour
art vocabulary and elements of art
art across the curriculum, e.g. book illustrations cardiovascular exercise
movement: walking, running, hopping, jumping, leaping, galloping, sliding, skipping, dodging, landing, turning, and side-stepping
motor skills: balance, sit, kneel, squat, stand, bend, sway, rock, swing, turn, twist, push, and pull
combining activities
teamwork and spotsmanship Numbers & Time PreK Skill Areas Understands up and down.
Understands in and out.
Understands front and back.
Understands over (on) and under.
Understands top, bottom, middle.
Understands beside and next to. Shapes and
Colours Motor Skills Reading Readiness Social & Emotional Pay attention to a story
Recognize most letters
Recognize and identify some letter and phonic sounds
Recall details of a story Recognizes and names primary colors
Recognizes basic shapes, e.g. circle, square, triangle
Copies shapes Button and zip clothes independently
Hold a pencil and cut with scissors
Walk in a straight line, run, jump, and hop
Throw a ball.
Build with blocks.
Complete simple puzzles (5 pieces or less).
Control pencil and crayon well. Go to the bathroom independently
Listen to authority figure and follow instructions
Play with other children appropriately
Talk in complete sentences using intelligible speech Numbers from 1 to 10.
Understands empty and full.
Understands more and less.
Understands day and night.
Knows age and birthday. Listening and Sequencing Follow simple directions.
Listen to a short story
Recognizes common sounds.
Retell simple stories in sequence. Position & Direction Size Understand big and little.
Understand long and short.
Match shapes or objects based on size. Main Focus Reading readiness Math readiness Gross and fine motor skills Play Social and emotional development Assessment child-practitioner meetings
informal observations
developmental assessments
learning portfolio report cards
progress reports Documentation Informal assessment Skill: Tommy can go to the bathroom independently Never Sometimes Always Assessment Methods Writing Spell their first and last name
Write consonant-vowel-consonant words such as 'bat' and 'fan'd Subjects Main Focus Positive learning dispositions Basic writing Basic reading Gross and fine motor skills Basic math Social and emotional development Positive learning dispositions Assessment Methods report cards
progress reports Documentation Never Sometimes Always Assessment Informal assessment child-practitioner meetings
informal observations
assessment tasks
standardized tests (in some states)
learning portfolio Skill: Jane can identify numbers up to 20. handwriting skills
write (and punctuate) sentences
writing as a communication tool
the writing process
spelling
use a dictionary Writing Main Focus Assessment Reading Writing Math Problem solving Group work Spelling Subjects pen and paper assessments
assessment tasks
standardized tests Assessment Methods Formal Assessment Documentation report cards
progress reports weekly spelling tests
unit tests
formal district/state tests
C average needed to move on to next grade First &
Second Grade PreK K indergarten Use portable digital music players to play music
Most Kindergarten classes have at least one computer or IWB
Use computer/IWB for 'whole class' learning: teacher presentations, interactive learning content, view web pages, images, videos, play games, etc
Individuals/groups use computers: learning tasks, interactive learning content, assessment, games, etc. Teacher Teacher is a fully qualified teacher (third level qualification)
In large classes (20+ students) teacher may have an aide.
Often specialist phys ed, music, and art teachers Typically 22 - 26 children. Data from Research Points, published by American Educational Research Association Classroom Class size Students spend most of their day in their classroom
They go outside for play, exercise, field trips, recess, and so on. Always supervised.
May have access to activity room for physical play
Students sit at their desks for longer periods Technology For example, use MS Paint to create digital image, MS PowerPoint to make a presentation, or MS Word to type vocabulary words.. Class size Different state requirements. Varies from 15 children per class (Colarado) to 28 per class (Ohio). Ideal class size is 15 children. Teacher Number of teachers depends on the number of students.
Staff to student ratio ranges from 2:15 (New Jersey) to 1:14 (Ohio).
Lead teacher must have a third level qualification in early childhood education (ECE) Classroom Technology Students spend most of their day in their classroom
They go outside for play, exercise, field trips, recess, and so on. Always supervised.
May have access to activity room for physical play Use portable digital music players to play music
Many PreK classrooms have at least one computer or IWB
Use computer/IWB for 'whole class' learning: teacher presentations, web content, interactive learning content, games, etc.
iPod shuffles can be sent home with a kids who then uses it to 'read' them a story. Rebekah: Hey, you know what I heared last night on my iPod?

Hector: What?

Rebekah: I heared the teacher reading Goildilocks!

Hector: I heard that one too! Did you hear the caterpillar story?

Rebekah: Oh yeah! He turned into a bootiful butterfly! That’s my favorite! Teacher Technology One teacher per class.
The teacher covers most subjects.
Specialist teachers usually teach Phys Ed, Music, Art and Library Studies. Class size Elementary teachers are generalists, not specialists. This is different from High School. Most first and second grade classes have 1-3 computers and/or an IWB
Most elementary schools have computer labs, but access is limited.
Use computer/IWB for 'whole class' learning: teacher presentations, interactive learning content, view web pages, images, videos, games, etc.
Individuals/groups use computers: learning tasks, interactive learning content, assessment, games, etc.
Use portable digital music players to play music By second grade, students are able to work independently on tasks with much less teacher support. Students spend most of their day in their classroom
Students may sometimes go to a computer lab to use learning technology.
Students go outside for play, exercise, field trips, recess, and so on. Always closely supervised.
May have access to activity room for physical play Classroom Typically 22 - 26 children. Data from Research Points, published by American Educational Research Association First and second graders are used to using digital games for learning. A first grade alphabet game from abcya.com, a widely-used site with free learning games. Exploration and Discovery Lots of audio Limited onscreen text Friendly and fun Entertaining and funny Colourful Sound effects Easy to use Technology must be specifically designed to meet the needs of young children. Movement and animation Intuitive Colourful. Animated effects. Mouseover animations.
Simple and intuitive. Fun and engaging. www.clubpenguin.com Colourful. Create avatar. Navigate PopTropica menu by baloon! Figure things out as you go along. Fun and exploratory. www.poptropica.com www.lego.com Web interface suitable for grade 2+. Colourful. Attractive graphics. Heavy OST. www.pbskids.com K-2 'selection' web interface. Colourful. Lots of graphics. Interactive elements invite you in. PK-1 exploratory menu. Colourful. Mouseover animations and sound effects. Figure it out as you go! www.poissonrouge.com Simple music game. Click keys to hear note and notation displays. Click play to play your 'tune'. Click erase to start clean. www.poissonrouge.com First & Second Grade PreK & Kindergarten Toy Story Toy Story Dora the Explorer Bear and the Big Blue House Little Einsteins Spongebob Squarepants No scrolling
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