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Transcript of Russian Revolution
Sometimes - history needs a push.
Today Karl Marx died march 17, 1883. He was one of the worlds greatest freethinkers. He died when everyone left him alone for 2 minutes. His entourage found him peacefully asleep in his armchair, they found out soon after that he had passed away.
Karl marx has been credited as the father of communism. He has been kicked out of numerous cities for his ideas. Marx died as peacefully as possible. Karl Marx has left his impression on history with the idea of communism. May he rest in peace.
Joseph Stalin, or Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, died on March the 5th, 1953. Joseph was 75 years of age and his dictatorship came to an end. His death was very unfortunate. No one really knows how he dies, but many think he was poisoned, or it could have been a sckness he had. Joseph Stalin was the dictator of the USSR. Vladmir Lenin was the Bolshevik leader before Stalin, but once he passed, Joseph outmaneuvered the rivals and came to power. He brought the Soviet Union out of the peasant society and made them into an industrial powered community and military superpower. In his time of reign, he killed around 34-39 million people. He said that some of his motives and actions were because of how is father had treated him when he was young.
Monday, November 3, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Vladimir Lenin died January 21, 1924.
Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov was born April 22, 1870. He was the founder of the Russian Communist Party and leader of the Bolshevik Revolution and USSR. Lenin was a political scientist and journalist. He created Leninism and declared himself a Marxist. He was also the author of Imperialism, The Highest Stage of Capitalism. Lenin was arrested in 1895 and exiled for three months. Vladimir Lenin suffered from three strokes between December of 1922 and January of 1923 before passing way ten months later. His corpse is embalmed and placed in a mausoleum in Moscow’s Red Square.
Nicholas Alexandrovich Romanov
How the Russian Revolution Began
Nicholas II lived a good life for the most part until he was brutally murdered in his own home, along with his whole family, and his dog! He was a first born child and got a very good education. Both of his parents got along well and he lived in a nurturing family environment. He was educated from private tutors and was a very smart child. When he came of age he made the decision to join the military, he spent three years in the military before touring Europe and Asia for ten months. Nicholas was very passionate about the military and rose to the rank of colonel. Nicholas’s father Alexander Alexandrovich was originally supposed to be on the throne, but he died of kidney disease so Nicholas became the king(Tsar). After his fathers death Nicholas confessed to a close friend that he absolutely nothing about ruling a country, he said that he was in no way prepared to be a Tsar. Nicholas was Tsar for a short while before workers led a peaceful demonstration, they wanted their working conditions to be better, and they want to establish a popular assembly. Nicholas didn’t quite like this idea so he turned his troops on them and this action sealed his demise. This day was now known as bloody sunday. It took 12 years before Nicholas was taken off the throne and the Bolsheviks took over the government. Not a year later, Nicholas’s house was stormed and him and his family were all killed in a firing squad.
How did the Russian Revolution End?
Nazi-Soviet Non Aggression Pact
Stalingrad and the Battle of Stalingrad
Why was Religion Banned? Why was it allowed back in?
Russian Farmers and Slaughter
The Great Purges
At one point in time religion was banned from being practiced, because it was growing in stature and in population and the government saw it as a threat to them. However, nowadays the religion is allowed to practiced freely.
Komiter Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti or the Committee for State Security was disbanded formally in 1991 after being around ever since 1917, though it was under a different name in it's orgins. While they were originally used as a means of counter-terrorism among other things. It is however, their misuse by Joeseph Stalin that started their decline. During the time of Stalin's rule, any person they suspected was tortured until they confessed, had a fake confession made, or were simply killed. Women and children were not exempt from their cruel torture. They even carried out assassinations, among the most notable was the assassination of Leon Trotsky.
The great purges of Joseph Stalin shall go down as one of the greatest travesties of our century, in a span of but five years. It all started in 1934 when Sergey Kirov, an enemy of Stalin, was assassinated. Though it is widely believed that Stalin was the one who carried out the assassination of Kirov, Stalin proceeded to gather thousands of his own enemies who he said were the ones who could of killed Kirov. He then proceeded to hold multiple mock trials in which the defendent was said to be guilty to nearly impossible charges of treason. 1937 saw eight prominent members of the Red Army shot and killed at Stalin's command. By 1938-1939, all the Red Armies admirals and half their officers were imprisioned. While this was going on, the common people were also suffering. Nearly two million people were sent to gulags, forced labor camps, where more than half of them died. Everyone "traitor" who was questioned was forced to answer the questions "who did you recruit?" and "who recruited you?". People subjected to this torture would give names of friends and family out of desperation, dooming their loved ones.
The Nazi Soviet nonaggression pact took place on August 23, 1939.Both Nazi and Soviet representatives met and signed a nonaggression pact which guaranteed that the two countries would not attack each other, while they were in world war 2. The pact was made for the purpose so that Hitler and his forces would not have to fight on two fronts.There was a separation of territory between the two nations. The baltic states(Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania) as well as the eastern half of Poland was given to the Soviet Union. When the German army attacked Poland the Soviets just stood by and watched as the German force wreaked havoc. There was also an economic agreement between the two countries, that gave tribute to one another. This pact ended when Hitler commenced Operation Barbarossa that was a blitzkrieg in to Russia.
Formally called Volgograd by Lenin, then before that the city was called Tsaritsyn which was named by one of the Tsar’s. The name was changed because he wanted his name to be popular
Stalin renamed Volgograd because he was egocentric. Originally “Stalingrad” (not the actual city itself) was founded by Joseph Stalin, and Volgograd was renamed to Stalingrad in 1925. The city became famous for its resistance against the german army in 1942-1943. Russian snipers famously were what helped win the battle by killing officers.
FIVE YEAR PLANS OF SOVIET UNION
Leon Trotsky, a former key figure of the Russian revolution, was killed by a KGB assassin. He was big fan of the works of Karl Marx and shortly was in charge of the Bolshevik party before being kicked out and replaced by Joseph Stalin. He spoke out against Stalin constantly and was exiled to Siberia twice, where he escaped both times. Once Trotsky had made his home in Mexico, Stalin decided to silence Trotsky and sent a KGB assassin to Mexico, where the agent assaulted Trotsky with an ice pick. Trotsky died of his wounds the next day.
The Soviet Union was founded December 30, 1922. The capital is Moscow. The Soviet Union lasted from March 11, 1985 to December 25, 1991, which is 6 years, 9 months, 2 weeks, and 1 day. The Soviet Union was probably the most important country of the 1920s if not of the whole century. The Soviet Union had turned Russia into an industrial giant. Several countries already depend on it. Just as with the CEC under Joseph Stalin's rule, the Chairman of the Presidium had very little power because supreme power was in the hands of the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union(CPSU).
The russain revolution has begun march 8 1914. The oppressed russians have revolted against their rulers. The revolution has been lead by the bolshevik party. The russian population was tired of starving and being mistreated. On national womens day both men and women marched on the streets shouting “ BREAD!” This was the starting point for the revolution.
The Kremlin originally built in 1479, was built for the purpose of the crowning of all the Tsar's of Russia. It is surrounded by six buildings, including three cathedrals. The Kremlin is the main church in all of Russia. They put Lenin's dead body in front of the Kremlin as a psychological effect among the russian people.
The Russian Farmers and Slaughter was a famine forced on by Joseph Stalin in 1932-1933. The Russian government would take the farmers animals, that had been raised to adults, and give the farmers little in return. The farmers started to revolt, and would slaughter their animals before the government could get a hold of the animals. The farmers being 97 million of a 110 milion population, this had a pretty big impact. This led to an infuriated government. Stalin stopped all sources of food and supplies to the farmers. He wanted them to give in and start giving animals again, or strave. Many farmers gave in, and started giving animals to the goverment, but some were very persistent and went ahead and starved.
Lenin faced some serious opposition from his own side before the revolution happened. He soon delivered a rousing speech to his fellow comrades that eventually persuaded them to sympathize with his cause. On October 24th, after some serious planning, Lenin and several Bolsheviks made their way to the Winter palace, and troops were placed across several strategic points across town. Not a single shot was fired that day and on October 25th the Winter Palace was the only government building not preoccupied by Bolshevik troops. At 9:00 A.M Kerensky left the Palace in hopes he would return with more troops but he escaped Russia and did not return. On that same day, many Bolshevik troops and even a warship surrounded the Winter Palace, little to no shots were fired and instead the provisional ministers were negotiated with and then soon arrested.
On February 23, 1917 a fairly large crowd of lower, working class women gathered in Petrograd to celebrate International Women’s Day. It began peacefully but, the next morning, many working class men joined the crowd and called out for an end to World War I. The crowd rioted, and the police were not able to control the large, violent crowds, and it became so out of hand that the Tsar, Nicholas II, ordered troops to gather and fire upon the enormous crowds. The 80,000 soldiers rebelled and felt more empathy towards the crowds and joined them instead and began to clash with the overwhelmed police forces. Despite all the mutinies going on, many felt that instead of getting rid of the monarchy, they felt that the Tsar should abdicate in favor of his thirteen year old son. If this where to happen, someone else would be hired to take the boy’s place until he was old enough. On March 2, Nicholas II finally gave in and abdicated but surprisingly he did so in favor of his brother. The very next day his brother abdicated leaving Russia with no leader whatsoever.
Stalin’s plans spanned from 1928 to 1941 and consisted of three separate five-year plans. These plans were for the economic development of Russia and focused mainly on industrial growth. The first plan (1928-1933) focused on rapid industrialization and collectivization of agriculture. Stalin demanded a 200% increase in iron production, a 335% increase in electric power, and had strict demands of his laborers (who were often prisoners). This caused a famine within Russia. The second plan (1933-1937) expanded on the previous one, but was not as successful. This plan initiated a lower living standard and consumer preferences were overlooked in favor of military goods and heavy industry. The third plan (1938-1941) only lasted for three years. During these years, military was the focus of production.
On November 6, 1914 the Russian forces captured the old russian capital building. The remaining royalty surrendered without a drop of blood. In the end the citizens of Russia have won. The February and October revolutions hastened Russian revolution to its epic conclusion. The Bolsheviks became the new leaders, for better, or for worse.
The Communist Party of the Soviet Union was the Party congress who met once a year, but less frequently when Joseph Stalin was in power. The party congress would elect a Central Committee who would then elect a Politburo. Then the Politburo would elect the General Secretary, which was the highest position while Stalin was still in power. The main offices are the General Secretary, Secretariat of the CPSU Central Committee, Politburo, Central Committee, Organizational Bureau of the Party Central Committee, Central Revision Committee, CPSU Party Control Committee, CPSU Central Auditing Committee, Party Conference, and Congress of CPSU