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British National Identity

Topic: Habitats and Homelands. Four Nations of the UK.

Елена Гилева

on 29 March 2012

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Transcript of British National Identity

The Four Nations of the United Kingdom
Can you explain the difference between England, Great Britain and the UK?
What countries make up the UK?
The name refers to the union of what were once four separate nations: England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland (though most of Ireland is now independent. Only Northern Ireland is part of the UK now).
The United Kingdom is made up of:

England - The capital is London.
Scotland - The capital is Edinburgh .
Wales - The capital is Cardiff.
Northern Ireland - The capital is Belfast.
England, Scotland and Wales together form Great Britain.
It is also a geographical term referring to the island on which the greater parts of England, Wales and Scotland are situated.
Great Britain and Northern Ireland together form the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" (UK)
England is one of the four countries of the United Kingdom, and has a separate identity from Scotland, Wales and Ireland.
"When people say England, they sometimes mean Great Britain, sometimes the United Kingdom, sometimes the British Isles -
but never England."

' How to be an Alien' by George Mikes

Questions about Great Britain:

What is Great Britain?

Is Britain the same as Great Britain?

Which countries are in Great Britain?

More questions are about the United Kingdom

Where is the UK?

What countries make up the UK?

What is the official name of the UK?

Identifying Symbols
England -
St George's Cross

Wales -
Dragon of adwallader

Scotland -
St Andrew's Cross

Northern Ireland -
St Patrick's Cross
Wales- Daffodil,


"England" is sometimes, wrongly, used in reference to the whole United Kingdom, the entire island of Great Britain (or simply Britain), or indeed the British Isles.
This is not only incorrect but can cause offence to people from other parts of the UK.
What are Britain’s National Emblems?
The national flower of England is the rose. The flower has been adopted as England’s emblem since the time of the Wars of the Roses - civil wars (1455-1485) between the royal house of Lancaster (whose emblem was a red rose) and the royal house of York (whose emblem was a white rose).
Floral Emblem
The national flower of Scotland is the thistle, a prickly-leaved purple flower which was first used in the 15th century as a symbol of defence. The Scottish Bluebell is also seen as the flower of Scotland.
The national flower of Wales is the daffodil, which is traditionally worn on St. David’s Day. The vegetable called leek is also considered to be a traditional emblem of Wales.
The national flower of Northern Ireland is the shamrock, a three-leaved plant similar to clover.
An Irish tale tells of how Patrick used the three-leafed shamrock to explain the Trinity. He used it in his sermons to represent how the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit could all exist as separate elements of the same entity. His followers adopted the custom of wearing a shamrock on his feast day.
If you are not sure
in your answers,
this video can be helpful:
Check yourself!
Does the UK have a National Day?
1 March - The national day of Wales is
St David's Day.
St David is Wales's patron saint.
17 March - The national day of Northern Ireland is St Patrick's Day
St Patrick is Ireland's patron Saint

23 April - The national day of England is St George's Day.
St George is England's patron saint.
30 November - The national day of Scotland is St Andrew's Day
St Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland.
Read the Information File on England,
Scotland and Wales on page 22 ex.2
and answer the questions of ex.3.
Let's learn some basic information
about four nations of the UK. Use these criteria, for example:
Now fill in similar Information File on Northern Ireland reading the text of ex.4.
The largest country in Great Britain. It is bordered by Scotland, North Sea, English Channel and Wales.

Total population
National day
National symbols
Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland lies in...

Total population
National day
National symbols
Major Cities
National Days are not celebrated in Britain in the same way as they are in a number of other countries. Only St Patrick's Day in Northern Ireland (and the republic of Ireland) and St Andrew's Day in Scotland (from 2007) are taken as an official holiday. All the other national days are normal working days.
The Union Flag - the flag of the United Kingdom (UK)
The Union Flag, popularly known as the Union Jack, is the national flag of the United Kingdom. It is the British flag.
A flag containing three other flags.

Look at the photos in the magazine article.
What specific countries do the people in each photo come from?
How can you tell?
Hometask - writing.
Prepare a Power Point or Prezi presentation
about our country. Include the information about
the national flag, the national symbols, the national day.
Used resourses:


Do you
Full transcript