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The Southwest

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ivana buffa

on 18 May 2016

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Transcript of The Southwest

The Southwest (peninsula)
The West Country

lyme regis
isle of Wight
thick layer of chalk-
the white teeth of
the Needles
St Michael's Mount
Lundy
Land's End
Winters are mild and summers are cool
warm seas - rainy
The south coast area even has palm trees (tropical vegetation)
Economic Activities
Advantage:
early springs-early crops
Latitude and climatic conditions suitable for the early productions of vegetables and flowers
Disadvantage:
far from the big centers of population
Exmoor-Dartmoor
beef cattle-lowlands
MAIN ACTIVITY:
dairy farming
Cornwall-Somerset
Cheddar cheese
Somerset plain
MAIN ACTIVITY
arable farming
oat (avena), roots are the chief crops
fruit growing- cider apples- Devon
flower growing= market gardening
early crops - isles of Scilly
daffodils-narcissi
tourism
the "Cornish Riviera"
- old fishing ports have become tourist centers
Torquay
Agatha Christie
tin (estaño)/iron (hierro) ore mines-past-Cornwall
kaolin
china clay in the uplands
potteries
fine china= porcelain
Stoke-on-Trent
woollen factories
shipbuilding -Southampton
oil refining - Southampton
production of oil
major cities
Sir Walter Raleigh-sailor
the Titanic
Mary Rose
remnants of the shipwreck
Portsmouth
Southampton
china clay=kaolin
Stonehenge is in the Salisbury Plain
-pre historic building - 4,000 years
the Druids (Celic religious group) used this building 1- to study the movement of the sky and the stars 2- for religious rituals
the coastline is very much indented (irregular)
with natural harbors
The peninsula is called THE CORNWALL-DEVON PENINSULA
RELIEF
PORTS:
PORTSMOUTH = shipbuilding industry
SOUTHAMPTON= shipbuilding industry
BRISTOL = aircraft building industry
BATH
In Roman times there was thermal water for treating health problems & also to relax
BATH= spa
Scrumpy:
a type of strong cider (an alcoholic drink made from apples), especially in the West country of England
features:
1-plateau with higher lands: Exmoor/Dartmoor/Bodmin Moor
2- green scenery, beautiful coast, sandy beaches, cliffs & estuaries
home of the Royal Navy
Royal Navy
120/130 offshore islands
The Needles
The Isles of Scilly
50 /100 islands in the group
base for tin trade
pirate kingdom - bird sanctuary
wild pony
it's the most westerly point of GB
known for its pirates
popular with surfers because of the large Atlantic waves
sheep rearing
sheep are reared on Exmoor & Dartmoor
cattle kept for the production of meat
cattle kept for the production of milk
by-products
land fit to be cultivated/ used for the raising of crops
daffodils
ore: the place where the metal is obtained
iron ore
kaolin deposits
kaolin=china clay= type of white heavy sticky earth used for the manufacturing of bricks, pots
The British armed forces (services):
1-the Royal Navy, 2-the Army & the 3-Royal Air Force
The Queen is the Commander-in-Chief
The Navy is the service with the longest history & sometimes known as the Senior Service
He was made knight by Queen Elizabeht I- (knight: a man with a rank of honor given to him by the King/Queen for his services to the country- he has the title SIR- the title is not passed on to his children)
He made several journeys to South /North America bringing back tobacco & the potato
James I sent him to look for gold in America, as he was not successful he was sent to be beheaded
shipwreck-sent to be built by Henry VIII
in 1970s- exploration of the wreck
passenger ship
transatlantic liner
sank in 1912
the wreck was found in 1985
1500 people died
Southampton
Plymouth- port
Roman city
Cheddar - city
Literature
REGIONAL FEATURES:
MILD CLIMATE
PLEASANT GREEN SCENERY
ITS CLOSE CONTACT WITH THE ATLANTIC
THE INFLUENCE OF THE SEAS WHICH SURROUND IT _ REFLECTED IN THE LANDSCAPE & IN THE LIVEHOOD OF THE PEOPLE
Hundreds of years ago- fishing villages-the fishing industry declined-old fishing ports have become a tourist attraction
the largest town in the peninsula
tourist centre- main service centre for Devon & Cornwall
it lies outside the peninsula
it has a population of half a million
an important port for many centuries, esp in the 17th & 18th when Bristol was involved in the three-corned trade between Britain, West Africa & America
Slaves taken from Africa to America, returned to Bristol loaded with sugar, rum, tobacco & left again for Africa.
In the 19th C Bristol lost relevance & Liverpool became an important port due to the prohibition of the slave trade & the lack of manufacturing industries around it
Nowadays, ICI has established two important plants in the area (Imperial Chemical Industry - food ingredients, paints,electronic materials, fragrances)
The lowland areas of Devon & Cornwall are really
a low plateau
which breaks abruptly in
cliffs
along the coast
Most of the farmland of the SW lie on the plateau
mild temperatures & abundant rainfall give Devon & Cornwall some of
the richest pastures in England
Three quarters of the farmland grows
grass
other
crops: turnips (nabo); cabbage; barley
The
grass & crops
are grown to provide winter feed for animals-chief enterprise in the SW is
dairy farming
.
healthy mineral water
hot springs
1987- the first place in Britain to become a World Heritage Site
It was built between 3000 & 1500 BC.
Since the 1980s young people, including many hippies & New Age Travellers, have been going for their midsummer celebrations.
It was made a World Heritage Site in 1986.
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