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Curriculum theory: what shapes curricula?

A look at ideologies, models and political, social and economic influences
by

Nilufar Rahim

on 26 November 2011

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Transcript of Curriculum theory: what shapes curricula?

Click anywhere & add an idea What shapes curricula? Ideologies, traditions, models, economics, politics and social & cultural issues Ideology 1. A system of values which gives general direction to the educational policies of those who hold these beliefs
2. A set of values stemming from the dominant powers in society Meighan says an ideology addresses 7 components which concern curriculum plannners:
1. A theory of knowledge - what is important, how is it organised and who will have access to it?
2. A theory of learning and the learner's role - active or passive, co-operative or competitive, producing or reproducing knowledge?
3. A theory of teaching and the teacher's role - formal or informal...?
4. A theory of appropriate resources - first or second hand?
5. A theory of organisation of learning situations - criteria for grouping pupils.
6. A theory of assessment - what and how?
7. A theory of aims, objectives and outcomes - what is desirable for society, individuals and knowledge?
Look at the worksheet and add details to Meighan's seven components. Remember:
Different ideologies can coexist in the same curriculum. Important questions to ask ourselves: Whose values are being promoted, protected and/or neglected? Who is involved and what are the consequences of participation? What happens to the people who travel through the curriculum? Knowledge Curriculum Models Praxis
Product
Process Which knowledge should be included?
How should it be organised?
Who should have access to it? The Hidden Curriculum
The Informal Curriculum
The Experienced Curriculum Socially situated learning What are the characteristics?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of these models? Traditions in Curriculum Theory 1. Classic & Liberal Humanist
2.Progressive
3. Instrumentalism
4. Reconstuctivism
And finally...
Balance
Negotiated Curriculum
Sequencing
Teaching strategies:
didactic
facilitative
Socratic Economic
Political
Social
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