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Music

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Wiki Group 1

on 14 September 2014

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Transcript of Music

Audience/Age Targeted

Music
Audience

Rock and Roll Origins cont.….
Technological advances in music and light (and a certain degree drug experimentation) brought Andy Warhol’s Velvet Underground, Rolling Stones, The Doors, Ziggy Stardust and Pink Floyd to the fore.
Massive audiences saw Jimi Hendrix, Pink Floyd and the Rolling Stones perform in front of many 10's of thousands of people. The greats of the 50's and 60's and some degree of the 70's have stood the test of time with The Rolling Stones, Pink Floyd and the likes of David Bowie being able to seek out stadiums 40 plus years after first recording. The Beatles were together for only 8 years, through a few transformations,  yet who hasn't heard of them and their success?


Deena Weinstein suggests that” Heavy Metal genre erupted in the early 1970’s from the wider cultural complex of rock music”. Heavy Metal: The Music and its culture, Page 11. Paragraph 1



http://books.google.com.au/books?id=3ag-T6ppMowC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Heavy+metal+artists+by+deena+weinstein&hl=en&sa=X&ei=mEH4U5ewJMPeoATNj4CwBw&ved=0CB4Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Heavy%20metal%20artists%20by%20deena%20weinstein&f=true



Deena Weinstein suggests that” Heavy Metal genre erupted in the early 1970’s from the wider cultural complex of rock music”. Heavy Metal: The Music and its culture, Page 11. Paragraph 1



http://books.google.com.au/books?id=3ag-T6ppMowC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Heavy+metal+artists+by+deena+weinstein&hl=en&sa=X&ei=mEH4U5ewJMPeoATNj4CwBw&ved=0CB4Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Heavy%20metal%20artists%20by%20deena%20weinstein&f=true


Origins of Pop music cont.….

Elvis Presley was the biggest pop star of the late 1950s early 1960s and plays a pivotal role in the history of pop music.  The Beatles came along with their only style of this genre, revolutionising pop by writing their own material.  During the 70’s pop took on a variety of styles with artists and songwriters borrowing from other genres in an attempt to find a unique sound.  The 70’s were an interesting time, Abba formed their band and became the most commercially successful act in the history of pop music, Michael Jackson’s recorded his first solo hit that reached Number One in the charts,  and the emergence of singer and pianist Elton John who’s popularity has remained.  Styles came and went during the eighties and a number of big hits topped the charts, many of those artists were never to be heard of again.  The 90’s was the era of the  boyband.  Artists who came out of this era to sustain a solo career were Justin Timberlake and Robbie Williams.


The term Country Music really gained popularity in the 1940s as opposed to Hillbilly Music which was the name for it before.
Country music has a broad audience of both genders.
The age of the audience depends on the Artists. Country music fans are usually of English or American background. 
According to the American Top Country Music Channel:

Classical Music
Classical Hits
The Origins of Classical music Start from the early medieval times when music was in its infancy .The major time divisions of classical music are the early music period, which includes Medieval (C500–1400) and Renaissance (C1400–1600), the Common practice period, which includes the Baroque (C1600–1750), Classical (C1750–1830) and Romantic (1804–1949) periods, and the modern and contemporary period, which includes 20th century (C1900–2000) and contemporary (1975–current).

The dates are generalizations, since the periods overlapped and the categories are somewhat arbitrary. For example, the use of counterpoint and fugue, which is considered characteristic of the Baroque era, was continued by Haydn, who is classified as typical of the Classical period. Beethoven, who is often described as a founder of the Romantic period, and Brahms, who is classified as Romantic, also used counterpoint and fugue, but other characteristics of their music define their period.


Classical Artists
Wolfgang von Mozart
Ludwig von Beethoven
Tchaikovsky
Bach
Antonio Vivaldi
Richard Wagner
Frederic Chopin
Audience
Although Classical Music is mostly now frowned upon and no one will actually admit to there mates they secretly love it. It was and still is the foundation of music today. even some of the greatest heavy metal musicians, started out learning the basics of guitar with classical music. The greats can still be heard in many homes, and is in the hearts of all musicians all over the world. Everyone from from infants to the elderly will always ave an affinity in some way to the first era of written music
Reference List
Wikipedia 2014, Classical",/The Oxford Concise Dictionary of Music, ed.Michael Kennedy, (Oxford, 2007), Oxford Reference [ONLINE] availiable at:< http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classical_music.
naxos.com 2014,history of classical music, [ONLINE],availiable at:,<http://www.naxos.com/education/breif_history.asp


CONTENT
Rhythm and Blues (R&B)
Rock and Roll
Heavy Metal
Pop
Country Music
Classical Music


Music is an universal language. It evokes emotion. However every individual has different taste in music. Some may enjoy one genre more than the other.



Rhythm & Blues Origins
Rhythm and blues, often abbreviated to R&B. R&B is a popular African and American music originated in the 1940’s.
R&B has evolved overtime from blues and jazz. The lyrics of R&B were about everyday life. In the 1980s, a newer style of R&B developed, becoming known as “Contemporary R&B” (Types of music, 2013).



POPULAR ARTISTS

Johnny Cash
Taylor Swift
Dolly Parton
Kenny Rogers
Carrie Underwood
Patsy Cline
Jimmy Rogers

ORIGINS

Country music originated in Southern United States in the 1920s.
The origins of country music come from the South Eastern genre of American folk music and western music. White, working class Americans who blended popular songs, Irish & Celtic tunes, cowboy songs, African American blues and other musical traditions from European immigrant communities. The term Country Music really gained popularity in the 1940s as opposed to Hillbilly Music which was the name for it before.

AUDIENCE / AGE TARGETED

 

Although Classical music is now frowned upon, and no one would admit to actually enjoying the form. It was and still is the foundation of modern music of today, and even the heavy metal great guitarists, started out learning and playing classical music.
The greats can still be heard in many homes, and is in the hearts of all musicians all over the world. Everyone from babies to the elderly will always have an affinity in some way to the very first era of written music.

Piano Concerto no 21in C major
Symphony no 5
Swan lake
Orchestral Suites no 3
The four Seasons
The Valkyrie
Nocturne No2
Are just few of the most popular Hit from The Great Artists.
The Target audience of R&B are teenagers and young adult both male and females (13-25). Even though the music is targeted at younger generation some of the lyrics may contain explicit language and videos.
Typically R&B artists target female audiences as most of the song written is about love, being about in love and heart break (Ellen Whight, 2013).


Rhythm & Blues Artists
Some of the most famous artist in history of R&B includes:
James Brown, Ray Charles, Steve Wonder, Aretha Franklin and Marvin Gaye.
More contemporary artist includes Whitney Houston, Usher and R. Kelly.
The R&B artists of the 21st century have incorporated variety of styles such
as hip hop, rap, dance and pop (Types of music, 2013)
.


‘Respect’ by Aretha Franklin
‘I heard it Through Grapevine’ by Marvin Gaye
‘What’d I say’ by Ray Charles (Types of Music, 2013).
Some of the most recent hits include:
‘Diamonds’ by Rihanna
‘You make me wanna’ by Usher
"Forever’ by Chris Brown (Apple Inc, 2014).


Rhythm & Blues Hits

Reference
ITunes - Music - 101 R&B Hits by Various Artists. 2014. iTunes - Music - 101 R&B Hits by Various Artists. [ONLINE] Available at: https://itunes.apple.com/au/album/101-r-b-hits/id527255944. [Accessed 25 August 2014].

Ellens A2 Media Studies Blog: R&B Target Audience Research. 2014. Ellens A2 Media Studies Blog: R&B Target Audience Research . [ONLINE] Available at: http://ellenwhightsa2mediastudies.blogspot.com.au/2013/04/r-target-audience-research.html. [Accessed 25 August 2014].

History of r&b music | Types of music. 2014. History of r&b music | Types of music. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.types-of-music.net/rnb/history-of-rb-music/. [Accessed 25 August 2014].




 
  The 90’s was the era of the  boyband.  Two Artists who came out of this era to sustain a solo career were Justin Timberlake and Robbie Williams.
Pop music is now dominating a number of our Commercial Radio Stations and the ITunes Music Charts. 

Pop Music is often seen as oriented toward the singles charts” (Wikipedia 2014) Teenagers and Young adults are Pop music's target audience. It’s aim is intended to encouraged dancing (by using dance oriented beats or rhythms) and the themes/lyrics are written to appeal to this age group

Some of the biggest pop hits of all time include:

ABC – Jackson 5
Stay’n Alive – The BeeGees
Jailhouse Rock - Elvis Presley
Dancing Queen – Abba
Thriller – Michael Jackson
Like a Virgin - Madonna
Elton John - Crocodile Rock
Justin Timberlake - My Love
One Direction - What makes you beautiful
Katy Perry - Roar

References
Pop Matters Media (2014). Pop music. [ONLINE] Available at: www.popmatters.com. [Last Accessed 11 August 2014].

Type of Music (2012-2013). History of Pop Music. [ONLINE] Available at: www.types_of_music.net/pop/history of music. [Last Accessed 11 August 2014].

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pop_music



REFERENCES
-About Entertainment, http://countrymusic.about.com/od/charts/a/bltop100_full.htm,
‘Top 100 Country Music Artists of all time’ Fabian, Shelly.
-About Entertainment, http://countrymusic.about.com/od/trivia/tp/HistoryofCountryMusic.htm, ‘The History of Country Music’ Dooley, Sean.
-AS Media Coursework, http://bethanphillips.blogspot.com.au/p/target-audience-profile.html, Target Audience Profile

Most people would call any loud music as Heavy Metal. There are multitude of genres and sub genres of heavy metal. They are characterized by loud, fast, intense and aggressive, however there are melodic and mainstream as well. With roots in blues rock and psychedelic rock, heavy metal is characterized by thick, massive sound, characterized by highly amplified distortion, extended guitar solos, emphatic beats, and overall loudness.



References:
Wikipedia. 2014. Heavy Metal music. [ONLINE] Available at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heavy_metal_music#cite_note-1. [Accessed 09 September 14].
Du Noyer (2003), p. 96; Weinstein (2000), pp. 11–13.


Heavy metal genres and bands
Heavy metal is a genre of music that developed in the late 1960s and early 1970s
The first heavy metal bands were Led Zeppelin, Deep purple and Black Sabbath. During the mid-1970s, Judas Priest helped spur the genre's evolution by discarding much of its blues influence.
Motorhead introduced a punk rock sensibility. This was followed by Iron maiden and Saxon in a similar vein. Before the end of the decade, heavy metal fans became known as “Metalheads" or “headbangers".
Glam metal was popularised in the 1980s by Motley Crue and Poison.
Bands like Metallica and Megadeth, made trash metal more mainstream.
Styles such as groove metal(e.g. Pantera), which blends extreme metal with hardcore punk, and nu metal(e.g. Slipknot), which often incorporates elements of grunge and hiphop, have further expanded the definition of the genre since mid 1990s.





References:
Wikipedia. 2014. Heavy Metal music. [ONLINE] Available at:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heavy_metal_music#cite_note-1. [Accessed 09 September 14].

Du Noyer (2003), p. 96; Weinstein (2000), pp. 11–13.



Most people would call any loud music as Heavy Metal. There are multitude of genres and sub genres of heavy metal. They are characterized by loud, fast, intense and aggressive music, however there are melodic and mainstream ones as well. With roots in blues rock and psychedelic rock, heavy metal is characterized by thick, massive sound, characterized by highly amplified distortion, extended guitar solos, emphatic beats, and overall loudness.






Origins
Rock and Roll started from the humble beginnings of Rhythm and Blues in the 40's. It is argued that Bill Haleys "Rock around the clock" was the first commercially successful rock and roll song.
The Beatles and Elvis brought sex into Rock and Roll which could be described as a movement against parental restraints. The electric guitar was basically the catalyst for rock and roll and classics like Led Zepplin at New York will amaze forever.
 




Origins of Pop music

Pop music as we know it is the genre of popular music that originated in the US in the 1950’s and derived from Rock and Roll. The first Pop Music Charts came into existence in 1952 when the top 20 was released.
Elvis Presley was the biggest pop star of the late 1950s early 1960s and played a pivotal role in the history of pop music.  The Beatles came along with their only style of this genre, revolutionising pop by writing their own material.
During the 70’s pop took on a variety of styles with artists and songwriters borrowing from other genres in an attempt to find a unique sound.
The 70’s were an interesting time, Abba formed their band and became the most commercially successful act in the history of pop music, Michael Jackson recorded his first solo hit that reached Number One in the charts,  and Elton John emerged, who’s popularity has remained.  Styles came and went during the eighties and a number of big hits topped the charts, many of those artists were never to be heard of again.
One last bit of fun
Everyone loves music regardless of age, gender and race.
The many genres and subgenres of music provides ample choice to listen, appreciate and enjoy.
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