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Fort Sumter

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by

Jesse Miller

on 10 April 2015

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Transcript of Fort Sumter

1865
1860
1863
Fort Sumter
January 31, 1861
Governor Pickens
demands that
president Buchanan
surrender Fort Sumter because it is still a part of
South Carolina
.
January 9, 1861
The first shots of the
Civil War
are fired when
Union troops
try to resupply
Fort Sumter
.
After realizing that the fort would
run out of food
by April 15, President
Lincoln
ordered a fleet of ships, under the command of Gustavus V. Fox, to attempt to
supply
it with provisions.
April 6- April 11, 1861
President
Lincoln
send ships, with protection against small arms, to resupply the fort. The first ship, Harriet Lane, arrives
safely
late at night.
April 12, 1861
Confederate
troops began to open fire, Lasting more than 34 hours. Sumter made
no attemp
t to fire back because of their lack of ammunition and preparedness. The
first

shot
is rumored to be by a
confederate
, Edmund Ruffin.
April 16, 1861
The
Union troops
at Fort Sumter Fire their
first shot
against the Confederates. Lack of ammunition, however, called for a
slower fight
from the
Union
, which leads to their eventual
surrender.
April 7, September 8, 1863
Union
forces try, and fail to retake Fort Sumter
Samuel Francis Du Pont
lead ships to try to retake the fort, only to be bombarded with
Confederate
ammunition.
Thomas H. Stevens,
Jr. poorly plans another attack resulting in
Confederate victory
.
February 17, 1865
William T. Sherman's
advance through South Carolina forces
Confederates
to
evacuate Charleston
, and to abandon the
Fort Sumter
.
What is Fort Sumter?
- One of only four
Union forts
on
southern grounds
- Built after the war of 1812
- At the entrance of the
Charleston Harbor
- Marked the beginning of the
Civil War
Who was involved with Fort Sumter?
- President James Buchanan
-Abraham Lincoln
- Governor of South Carolina, Francis Pickens


April, 1861
January 1861
Time-Line of Events
By: Jesse Miller
Full transcript