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Group 1RR

on 17 December 2014

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Transcript of Robotics


Robotic/ Self-Driving Cars
Robotic Planes
Falls into three main category
Social and Ethical
"While some traffic violations and vehicular crimes are based on strict liability, others have intent requirements or depend on a person being "in control" of a motor vehicle.”

New laws and powers will have to be considered

would police have to power to make you car pull over.

Examples of crimes

Third party hacking into the computer system running the car and thereby controlling it.

changing the software of the car and making it run over someone.
If the software is faulty, who is to blame?
The Programmer?
The people who tested it?
the system annalists?

What are the possible repercussion?
Austrian Balloons
Military Use
British Police
Human Pilots

"A futuristic robot plane which can take off, land and even avoid bad weather without any human intervention is currently circling British skies. "- July 08, 2012 by Sanchez Manning
Ethical issues
Protecting the privacy of patient data
Real life example
Sherry Long 42 years old

Performed her hysterectomy in March 2009

May 2010, filed a suit against her two surgeons
Technical challenges are enormous

Can we trust autonomous surgery?

The National Science Foundation (NSF) in partnership with the NASA
Based on Jim Harvey's speech structures
Social and Ethical Issues
Pew Research Center Report
Published 6.8.14

Covers "experts views about advances in Artificial Intelligence (AI) and robotics, and their impact on jobs and employment"

Wide permeation by 2025
"historically they (advances in technology) have been a net creator of jobs"

"we will adapt... by inventing entirely new types of work"

CGP Grey "Humans need not apply"
Proposed Solutions
"impacts from automation have thus far impacted most blue-collar employment...threatens to upend white collar work as well"

Legal and Business impacts of Robotics in Industry:
Business Impacts
So what are the business impacts of robotics on society and employment? Well robots are having a massive affect on the world as we know it, humans simply cannot match the safety, quality, productivity and efficiency of our robotic counterparts.

Robots are used on the industrial floor mainly for the three H's, "Hot, Heavy and Hazardous". In one aspect you can say that robots are putting, people out of a job although they aren't undertaking dangerous and repetitive tasks.
Andrew O'Hare
James Harris
Matthew Green
Teto Hussein
Hamish Mackay
Legal Issues with
There are five ethical principles for designers and programmers who are creating robots, these are:

1) “robots should not be designed solely or primarily to kill or harm humans.
2) Humans, not robots, are responsible agents. Robots are tools designed to achieve human goals.
3) Robots should be designed in ways that assure their safety and security.
4) Robots are artefacts, they should not be designed to exploit vulnerable users by evoking an emotional response or dependency. It should always be possible to tell a robot from a human.
5) It should always be possible to find out who is legally responsible for a robot. “
Business Impacts
Robots are being used for a wide variety of different tasks which include cutting and welding metal, and spraying and finishing production on cars.

Robots are creating an entire new workforce to maintain, fix, install and replace the robotic systems rather than doing repetitive straining jobs, it's coaching people into becoming more qualified which is increasing the skill set of work forces.

Legal Issues with Robotics
There are massive legal issues that are attached with robots and them coming into the work place, it all boils down to who is accountable for when a problem arises or something goes wrong.

There is a massive debate at the moment who would be to blame as you cannot hold a robotic, a piece of hardware accountable for an accident.

Any questions?
-RoboHub – Frank Tobe - http://robohub.org/do-industrial-robots-really-have-a-positive-impact-on-employment/

-Article “Do industrial robot really have a positive impact on employment?” April 12, 2013

-This graph shows that the more robots that are being introduced into the manufacturing industry are having a different effect dependent on location.
Business Impacts
Legal Issues with
Robots are programmed and have to follow three laws that have been outlined and developed, these are wrote by Issac Asimov:

1) A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction,
allowed a human being to come to harm.
2) A robot must obey the orders given to it by human beings, except where such order would conflict with the first law.
3) A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second law.

Issac Asmov, three laws of robotics, Isaac Asimov. I, Robot (Asimov, Isaac - I, Robot.pdf). p. 85. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
Controlled system
Semi-controlled systems
Automatic system
Potential impact on the doctor-patient relationship.
Well-trained support staff familiar with the technology
Nikola Tesla
World War I
World War II
Doug Davis, the director of the unmanned aircraft
programme at New Mexico State University stated that "We believe that unmanned aircrafts are the next big transformation in aviation industry"
Privacy issues: The car could log everywhere you have been. And send it of to a third party.

People could become to reliant being driven everywhere

Could put taxi and bus drivers all out of jobs.

Sending you kids of to school while you stay at home.

Roads becoming clogged

Something for you to think about...
Why be a programmer and work in a world where no one else needs to?

"our educational system is not adequately preparing us for work of the future, and our political and economic institutions are poorly equipped to handle these hard choices"

Is unemployment bad?
Full transcript