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Pathos, Ethos, and Logos
Transcript of Pathos, Ethos, and Logos
PATHOS: EMOTIONAL ARGUMENTS
talk about difficult issues
ETHOS: ARGUMENTS BASED ON CHARACTER
LOGOS: ARGUMENTS BASED ON FACTS
SURVEYS AND POLLS:
will of the people
diverse population pool
TESTIMONIES AND NARRATIVES:
It is based on research and uses evidence that can be documented.
It is written for a professional, academic, or school audience that is likely to know something about its topic.
It makes a clear and compelling point in a formal, objective, and often technical style.
It follows agreed upon conventions of format, usage, and punctuation.
It is documented using some professional citation style.
Choose a topic you want to explore in depth.
Get to know the conversation surrounding your topic.
Assess what you know and what you need to know.
Come up with a claim about your topic.
Consider your rhetorical stance and purpose.
-provide all of the available information and draw conclusions from it
-point out the problems and mistakes associated with your topic
-provide all of the information that backs a certain view point
Think about your audience.
Concentrate on the material you are gathering.
Summarize its main points.
Analyze how these points are pertinent.
Evaluate the quality of the supporting evidence.
Synthesize the results of your analysis and evaluation.
Summarize what you think about the article.
Take special care with your documentation.
Think about your organization
Formal introduction of the topic, a clear statement of the thesis, or a hypothesis
Review of literature
Methods of research
Report of findings
Charts & graphs to report data
Headings and subheadings
List of references
Consider style and jargon.
Use clarity and directness
Use denotative rather than connotative language
Use the passive voice when necessary
Use technical language, symbols, and abbreviations, for efficiency
Avoid colloquialisms, slang, and contractions
Consider design and visuals.
Reflect on your draft and get responses.
Edit and Proofread your text.
REASON AND COMMON SENSE:
LOGICAL STRUCTURE FOR ARGUMENT:
trustworthy or credible
show beliefs and values