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Narrative Therapy

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Clayton Harrison

on 4 April 2016

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Transcript of Narrative Therapy

Scaffolding Conversation Map: guides the therapist in therapeutic conversation and helps the client bridge gaps for change
Narrative Therapy
Clayton Harrison
Justin Jones
Moné Shaw
Susana Fernandez

At the core of Narrative Therapy is the belief that the problem is separate and distinctly apart from the person.
A problem is something that a person has, not something that a person is.
The goal is not to transform who you are, but rather to transform the effect that the problem has on your life. 
Clients are the experts on themselves.
Counselors collaborate to help clients tell their stories and form new plots.
It’s a partnership.
Therapist are “participatory witnesses” who engage in “interactive mirroring”
References
Cashin, A. (2008). Narrative Therapy: A Psychotherapeutic Approach in the Treatment of Adolescents with Asperger’s Disorder. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing,21,pp 48-56

Doan, R. E., Parry, A. (1994). Story Revisions: Narrative Therapy in the Postmodern World. New York: Guilford Press

Reichenberg, L.W. & Seligman, L. (2013). Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy: Sysems, Strategies and Skills. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson
French philosopher Michael Foucaul believed encouraging people to adjust and comply with stereotyped standards of behavior could cause damaging effects.
View of Human Nature
Basic Assumptions of the Theory
A narrative approach views problems as separate from people,the client is not the problem, the problem is the problem.

Language and meaning-making define reality.

Authority, Power and Expertise- Language

People are social beings that co-create meaning through their social interactions. (Culturally Mediated)

Assume that realities are socially constructed. There is no absolute reality.
View of Human Nature
Basic Assumptions of the Theory
Asserts that people's lives are storied. Life is multi storied

Value on the lives of the client not the problem.

People are healthy, competent, resourceful, and have the ability to construct solutions and alternative stories to enhance their lives.

Help clients recognize their competencies and build on their potential, strengths, and resources.

All people create meaning through narratives.

Credibility to emotions by naming them.
History
Goals
Therapeutic Alliance
Michael White
"therapeutic anthropologist"
philosophical influences
family systems theory, cybernetics, Vygotsky's social development theory
David Epston
coauthor of "Narrative Means to
Therapheutic Ends" (1990)
Other influences
Difficulties in coping occurs when a person’s story is fragmented, causing issues of stress, anxiety, depression and the limiting one’s ability to conduct goal-oriented behavior.
View of Human Nature
Basic Assumptions of the Theory
Techniques/Strategies
Techniques/Strategies V.2
Narrative Therapy utilizes the power of people’s personal stories to discover the life purpose of the narrator.
Clients are encouraged, through a respectful and cooperative relationship, to address the problems in their lives that exist amidst social, political, and cultural storylines.
Rewrite client story in a more acceptable manner, encouraging a wider perspective.
White
Draw people's attention to subtle life changes
new insights
promote empowerment
develop better problem solving
cybernetic thinker
"in order to detect and acquire new information, people must engage in a process of comparison in which they distinguish between one body from another"
Gregory Bateson
Michael Foucault
French philosopher
desire to help people marginalized by society
writings on interrelationship of knowledge and power
White
addressed damaging effects of therapy
encourage to adjust
live stereotyped life
encouraged people to live their own life
only through knowledge
didn't seek to heal/fix
learn
provide a different perspective
"The human dilemma of existence in a postmodern world by focusing on the linguistic and discursive ways that people construct through their lives"
~ Lee
Narrative Therapy
humans are interpretive beings
interpret through stories
no essential truths
lives are created through all stories

When a person arrives to therapy attempts to solve problem have been futile.

Human beings are interpretive.

Build a more appealing storyline.

There are no essential truths, just interpretations.
Problem Formation
The clients are the expert about their lives and counselors and therapists work with clients to help them find preferred ways of living their lives.

The narrative is the frame in which people make meaning.
Mapping: a clients presenting problem is identified and linked to a story
Externalizing: separating the person from their problem
Revisioning and Reauthorizing a clients story!
Labeling a person constrains them, leading them to feel frustrated and dissatisfied with their lives. Stories surrounded by gender or psychological illness intensify these feelings a person has.
Narrative therapy is the the withdraw from conventional counseling and psychotherapy.
Psychological stress is present within a person’s life who is inactive in the construction of their life.
Full transcript