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Sickle Cell Disease
Transcript of Sickle Cell Disease
"What is it?"
Sickle Cell Trait (carriers)
Sickle Cell Anemia
Sickle Cell Disease (most dangerous)
Do I have it?
Inherited disease (Thank Mom and Dad)
Affects 72,000 Americans
Most common genetic disease
-Increased prevelence in African Americans (8% of US population)
-1 in 500 African Americans in US, 1 in 1000 Hispanics, 1 in 2000 caucasian - but can affect ANYONE
Was I tested?
-If born after 1984, you were tested at birth. Contact your pediatrician, or take another simple blood test.
-Tests can determine PRESENCE but not SEVERITY.
If 1 parent has SC anemia and the other is normal, you will inherit the trait.
If 1 parent has SC anemia and the other has the trait, there is a 50% chance you have the full disease or trait.
If both parents have the trait, there is a 25% chance you have the disease.
Uh oh...what could
happen to me?
fatigue and muscle cramping ,
pain, shortness of breath, dizziness, headache, cold hands and feet, pale skin, sudden onset of swelling and chest pain.
Increased with exertion!
"Sickling" of red blood cells that decreases the amount of oxygen reaching muscles and organs.
Red blood cells carry hemoglobin, which transfer oxygen from your lungs and carry through the blood stream.
Unhealthy red blood cells (RBC) are hardened and altered in shape. They don't live as long and cannot travel well, causing clots and blockages.
So how did I get it?
Sufferers can also experience kidney problems, glaucoma, stroke, infections, and bone and chest pains.
Heat stroke and rhabdomyolisis can cause collapse.
In very rare cases, symptoms can lead to death. ALWAYS alert your athletic trainer if you are suffering symptoms.
"So... Can I Still Play?"
-Increase exercise intensity gradually
-Reports signs of distress
Know your body!
-Are you out of shape?
-Is this feeling new or abnormal?
-Are you hydrated?
-Did you eat enough or too much?
If in doubt, report how you are feeling to your athletic trainer or coach.
Living in the dorms? Know a teammate
that has it?
Relax, it's not contagious!
Linked to 10 on-field deaths during last decade!!
Why do I need to know?
Rachel E. Millen, MS, ATC, CSCS
Johnson and Wales University
Rachel Millen, MS, ATC, CSCS
Testing at next physical