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Creature Feature

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by

Kala Sewraj

on 20 June 2016

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Transcript of Creature Feature

Creature Feature
Planet Qloqo: Liquid Observation Lab
Purpose:
This investigation was conducted to determine the different kinds of liquids that can be found on Planet Qloqo.
Materials:
4 small test tube with stoppers
A dropper
Goggles
Gloves
pH meter
Eyesight
The "Sleleo"
These species are unique in many ways - they have features similar to both flying fish, chameleons and amphibians. The males appear to be a combination of blue and red, while the females are only blue.
Kala Sewraj
SNC2D1
June 20th, 2016
Planet Qloqo
The male (left) and female (right) Sleleo
The Sleleo Anatomy
By capturing and observing a female Sleleo, I have learned much about their unique anatomy!
Their unique tail and wings allow them to propel themselves out of water and glide or fly for short periods of time. I have seen this used to avoid predators, as well as reach food high up on trees.
Their gills allow them to breath underwater, however they are also able to breathe out of water, through their mouth.
Their thick, waterproof skin allows them to live in water, under cooler temperatures, although they seem to prefer warmer temperatures when observed. They also have the ability to change colour and blend in with their surroundings to avoid predators.
Their sharp horns can be used to kill prey, defend themselves as well as dig through soil, which is where they find shelter, and sometimes food.
They have an extremely long tongue, and small sharp teeth. The tongue can extend and wrap around small fish-like or insect-like creatures, while the teeth allow the Sleleo to rip apart some larger creatures.
The sharp spikes lining their tail allow them to defend themselves against predators.
Qloqo's Climate
Temperature:
20°C
Precipitation:
Clear


Wind speed:
10km/h
Relative Humidity:
92%
Presence of a foggy mist in the sky. Very thick and night, but less thick during the day.
Occasionally a substance rains from the sky.

Observed during the night
Noticeable Features:
Large liquid bodies, planet is mostly liquid
Various animals of various sizes within the water
Small islands within the water with lush, colourful tree-like plants
Observations
Conclusion
• Through testing these four sample liquids, we have been able to categorize each of them as acidic, neutral or basic. Sample #1 had a pH level of 2.4, making it acidic. It held qualities similar to vinegar, also known as acetic acid. Sample #2 had a pH level of 2.2, meaning it was also acidic. This liquid had features similar to citric acid. Sample #3 was very acidic, and had a pH level of 1. This sample was very similar to Sulfuric acid. Our last sample, #4, had a neutral pH level of 7, and was very similar to pure water. Looking at these liquid samples, we can see that this planet carries mostly acidic liquids, due to there being no basic liquids in our results.
Whilst on our trip back to Earth, sadly, our Sleleo died! However, we completed a dissection of the creature to help us understand it better. We now know much more about the anatomy, especially the digestive system!
The Digestive System
From the shapkia, the food travels into the "glaisik", which acts similarly to the stomach. The glaisik dissolves food into a liquid, and allows nutrients from the food to be absorbed.
The Sleleo's mouth chews up and breaks down food chemically and mechanically, very similarly to a human mouth.
The food then travels down a muscular tube, called the "shapkia", which moves the food down using a acidic
liquid that dissolves the food and
allows it to pass smoothly down the
tube.
When the Sleleo excretes, the material is transported from the larggi, through the third shapkia and outthe "hugi", a small hole for excretion.
The leftover material then gets transported down the second shapkia, and into the "larggi", which looks similar to the glaisik. The larggi acts as a second stomach and dissolves food even further, ensuring all the nutrients have been absorbed, as well
as providing an emergency storage of energy. After the material has no remaining nutrients, it sits in the larggi until the Sleleo excretes it.
One of the Sleleo's eyes behaves like a concave mirror, while the other acts a converging lens. We have used this knowledge to simulate how the Sleleo might see certain things.
Concave Mirror
Object Simulation
If an object is located between F and the mirror, the image would be:
Larger
Upright
Behind/inside the mirror
Virtual
Converging Lens
Object Simulation
If an object is located between 2F' and F', the image would be:
Larger
Inverted
Located beyond 2F
Real
Total Internal Reflection
Whilst dissecting the Sleleo, we discovered that its eyes are connected by a structure that operates similarly to fiber optic cables. The light from the eyes is transmitted to the brain through total internal reflection.
Total internal reflection occurs when the angle of incidence of a light ray is larger than the critical angle of that medium. The critical angle is when the angle of incidence results in an angle of refraction of 90 . Each medium has a different critical angle. For example, a light ray traveling in water, which has a critical angle of 48.8 , would undergo total internal reflection if it had an angle of incidence larger than 48.8 . If the angle of incidence is increased past the critical angle, the refracted ray will no longer exit the medium. It will only reflect back into the medium continuously. This process is called total internal reflection. Total internal reflection allows the Sleleo to transmit light from its brain to its eyes through a special structure, without it escaping the structure, and ensuring that the
light reaches the brain.
Organ System
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