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Transcript of ToK Presentation
Knowledge Issue Question
"You don't get a second chance for first impressions."
Most of the time people are misjudged by others.
It is not morally tenable to judge a person by first impression.
Real Life Situation
Can you judge a person by the genre of music they listen to?
Do different genres of music represent different character traits?
What does it take for us to judge a person?
How reliable are people's first impressions of others?
Most people have stereotypes about different groups of people.
Who are the people that make judgements about others?
-Do they have similarities?
-Do they have the same profession?
-Did they have contact recently?
-Are the people observing male of female?
Women with colored hair would have a different opinion about other women with colored hair.
A pierced person would probably have a different opinion about people with piercings.
Are both wearing business cloth?
People with the same profession have an insight of what they do and therefore what the other person does.
There are some traditions in specific jobs that only insiders are aware of
When having a certain job one knows a lot about this area and can therefore conclude that a person with the same profession has the same knowledge
Circumstantial misjudgment might be correct.
Judging another is intrusive
As a consequence of your fallacious assessments you often condemn or praise your subject.
It is ethically justifiable to evaluate another human being.
In order to stay in your comfort zone
Comfort and privilege
"First impressions always lie."
Who are the people who are judged?
In order to be judged one must be noticed and make an impact. If one isn't noticed, one can't be judged.
This is closely intertwined with "People" since they are obviously the same species and human nature dictates a jumbled conjunction of the ones who judge and are judged. The positions are not adamant but rather fluid and interchangeable. Simultaneous occupation of two roles can often be inevitable.
There is not enough data to draw a valid conclusion. Therefore the first impression will most likely be inaccurate and erroneous. It does not lie per se but it is also not true or complete.
Preliminary judgement is necessary for further involvement and communication.
A patient in the hospital probably has different view of nurses than a random person on the street.
If a doctor saves the life of a patient, that patient will have a different view of doctors in general.
Students have a different opinion about teachers than adults.
Males and females have different views on other people
They have a different opinion about an attractive person of the opposite sex
Men and women probably also have a different view of certain jobs
has the potential to be judged.
No matter who a person is, if they have contact with other human beings, these other people will most likely form an opinion of this person.
There are more than 7 billion people in the world
who can be and are probably judged by the
people who surround them.
Similarly to "People", the qualities and characteristics exhibited by a human being through the way they look and act can affect the way that person is judged. As mentioned before, features and attributes that can affect this are:
The way they speak
The way they act
How close the person judged and the person's judge are
Judging means that there must be some form of approval or disapproval.
If one is indifferent to a person, usually no judging takes place.
For example, you might hear someone listening to music. Three basic scenarios can happen.
a) You don't care and ignore the person, or you don't consciously notice that someone is listening to music.
b) You dislike the music, and perhaps judge the person negatively, based on your preference for another type of music.
c) You like the music, ergo are prone to think more positively of the person.
However, you also might like/ dislike the music and not take that back to the person, therefore judge the music but not make a connection to the person listening to it.
An impression is an idea, feeling or opinion about something or someone, especially one formed without conscious thought or on the basis of little evidence
Impressions are based on the language the person uses.
The impression of a person depends on the idiolect of the person being judged.
The impression depends on their accent - can you determine from which country they originate form?
How well have they mastered the language used and do they use a certain slang?
Impressions are also based on how you perceive other people.
How are the people dressed? There is a difference in the perception of a person dressed in a suit vs a person dressed in jogging pants.
The smell of a person is another factor in the perception.
- there is the German saying, of "i can´t smell someone" which translates to ´hating someones guts´ in English.
Two other factors influencing the impression of somebody, is the reasoning of a person, and hence the conclusion they draw based on limited information, and the emotional state the person is in.
the ability to be relied on or depended on, as for accuracy, honesty or achievement
Different means of justification
True belief is not a sufficient condition for knowledge for most people. If you believe something and your belief is true, then you can be said to know it, however for many the belief must be justified in a certain manner to be known for sure.
Ways in which information is received:
"Someone told me" (language)
"I saw it" (perception)
"I worked it out" (reason)
"It's intuitively obvious" (emotion)
Different forms of justifications are classed as acceptable and others as unacceptable
Reliable sources of knowledge
The thing that distinguishes acceptable justifications from unacceptable justifications is reliability
Perception is generally a reliable source of knowledge, however whether or not you are justified in knowing something also depends on context
When making an initial judgement of a person, perception can therefore be used as a reliable method, however depending on the situation the person judging and the person being judged are in the reliability of the conclusions drawn will vary
Although perception can give an initial judgement of a person a certain degree of validity, it can still hide characteristics of the person being judged and lead to an unreliable first impression
reliability can also be defined as the extent to which an experiment, test, or measuring procedure yields the same results on repeated trials.
Depending on a persons previous experiences with his or her own reliability when initially judging a person, they can therefore be perceived as either a good or bad judge of character further influencing how trustworthy their judgement is for others around them
Other Real Life Situations
Attending an international school: Different backgrounds - Different mentalities
Having a different preference in food or drink than members of your pier group
Judging people by their various electronic gadgets, such as smartphones
How reliable are first impressions?
Our opinions are biased by our own experiences and society
We only base our opinions only on what we can immediately perceive
There is a lack of depth to our initial analysis of a person