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The Romantic Concerto

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by

Kate Diaz

on 1 December 2013

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Transcript of The Romantic Concerto

~The Romantic Concerto~
The Concerto
Musical composition for an orchestra and a soloist or group of soloists
The Baroque Concerto
Concerto Grosso
Solo Concertos
Usually began and ended with the Ritornello in the tonic key
Solo instrument played all the time
Repetition, scales, arpeggios, patterns, sequences, simple harmony, pedal and ornamentation common
Solo Concertos were generally three movements, fast, slow, fast
The Classical Concerto
First Movement (Fast):
Sonata Form (Expo-Dev-Recap)
Double Exposition
Cadenza
Second Movement (Slow):
Ternary
Theme and Variations
Third Movement (Fast):
Rondo Form

Written to cater to specific performer/virtuosity
Fuller instrumentation
Early Romantic Composers
Robert Schumann (1810-1856)
Concertos for piano:
Op.54 A minor, 1841-45 Op. 92, Introduction and Allegro Appassionato for Piano and Orchestra, 1849
Op. 134, Introduction and Allegro for Piano and Orchestra, 1853
Felix Mendelssohn (1809-1847)
Concertos for one piano:
A minor, 1822
No. 1 in G minor; 1831
No. 2 in D minor; 1837
No. 1 in E minor
(Op. 11; 1830; publ. 1833)
Frederic Chopin (1810-1849)
Late Romantic Composers
The Romantic Era
Boundlessness
Preservation
Opposing forces
Urban vs Rural
Home vs Public
Public vs National
Godly vs Demonic
Growth of the Orchestra
Symphonic vs. Virtuosic
The Romantic Concerto
A vehicle for individual brilliance
symphonic to virtuosic
Competitive partners
Solo vs Orchestra
Piano & Violin
Form
• The Cadenza
Expression
Franz Liszt (1811-1886)
No. 1 in Eb Major
written over a 26-year span, completing it in 1849
Concertos for piano:
Op. 15, No. 1 in D minor, 1858
Op. 83, No. 2 in Bb Major, 1881
Johannes Brahms (1833-1897)
No. 2 in F minor
(Op.21; 1829-30; publ. 1836)
Concertos for two pianos:
E Major, 1823
Ab Major, 1824
Concertos for violin:
D minor, 1823
E minor, 1844
Concertos for violin:
Op. 131, Fantasy in C, 1853
Violin Concerto in D minor, 1853)
Concerto for four horns:
Op. 86, 1849
Concerto for cello:
Op. 129, in A minor, 1850
No. 2 in A Major, 1839-40.
Concerto for violin:
Op. 77 Violin Concerto in D Major, 1878
Written for friend and virtuoso violinist, Joseph Joachim
Concerto for violin and cello:
Op. 102, Double Concerto in A minor, 1887
Full transcript