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Transcript of Dissociative Disorders
memento mori by jonathan nolan
formerly called "psychogenic amnesia"
characterized by losing memories due to a traumatic or stressful event
Types of Memory Loss
Types of Dissociative
-Multiple Personality/ Dissociative Identity Disorder
A stressful and/or traumatic event such as rape, violence, murder, or suicide
anterograde memory loss
Substance abuse: "black-outs"
made into movie by his brother, christopher nolan : memento
Sufferer is affected by persistent and recurrent feelings of loss
The primary symptom of depersonalization is a distorted perception of the body.
Unfortunately, little is known about the actual cause of depersonalization disorder, but it is thought that environmental and biological factors play a role.
Depersonalization is a common symptom of many psychiatric disorders...
Treatments ultimately depend on the severity of an individual's symptoms, but will most likely include a variety of treatment methods.
Case Study & Daily Life
An article in the Huffington Post reflected
on a man's life with depersonalization
disorder. The disorder essentially ended his
marriage and turned his life upside down.
Multiple Personality Disorder/
Dissociative Identity Disorder
Dissociative Identity Disorder, also known as DID, is a condition in which a person has more than one distinct identity or personal self. At least two of the personalities repeatedly assert themselves to control the affected person's behavior. Each personality has its own name, past, identity, and self identity.
-A rare condition in which a person suddenly,
an innate ability to dissociate easily
repeated episodes of severse physical or sexual abuse in childhood
lack of a supportive or comforting person to counteract abusive relative(s)
influence of other relatives with dissociative symptoms or disorders
without planning or warning, travels far from home or
or work and leaves behind a past life.
The major dissociative
symptoms experienced by DID
patients are amnesia,
and identity disturbances.
Amnesia: gaps in memory from long periods of patient's past, no memory of childhood (in severe cases), unexplained evidence of activity, notes in different hand writing
Depersonalization: feel their body is unreal, changing, or dissolving, sometimes feel that they are watching a movie of themselves.
Derealization: patient may see items or ideas in the external world as unreal such as walls, buildings, or other objects. Some objects may be thought to be changing in size, shape, or color. Also a sign of derealization is failing to recognize relatives and/or close friends.
Identity Disturbances: Sometimes refered as the patients "host", the alternet self of the patient is not the patient's orginal personality. The host is usually caused by some childhood trauma.
defensive when event is mentioned
2-7% of the general population suffers
16% of people recovered say they once had forgotten
treatments differ depending on case
Who is afflicted?
50% of DID patients have fewer that 11 personalities but cases with over 100 personalities have been seen.
How does it change lives?
borderline personality disorder is possible
men and women who had sexual, physical, or emotional abuse as a child
affects both men and women equally
A disorder in which ones life is manipulated by multiple personalities that each have a unqiue name, history, identity, and self-image.
D.I.D Case Study
its hard to estimate the percentage of people in the U.S. with DID because so many people can hide it. From 25,000-100,000 people are thought to have it.
5% of DID patients are thought to be undiagnosed.
.01-1.0% of the general population suffer from DID.
Ex: Walter White (Heisenberg)
-Appear slightly confused
-Significant signs of distress
-Realize sense of identity missing
Stressful events such as:
Personal Experiances of Stress:
-Shocking death of loved one
-Seemingly unbearable pressures at work or home
-affects 0.2% of the population
-nearly all of them adults
-occurs in the aftermath of traumatic events
Dissociative fugue is a rare condition that causes someone to disappear unexpectedly and forget the event after it happens
-Psychotherapy involving hypnosis
-Patients are encouraged to remember past events by learning to face and cope with stressful experiances that caused the fugue
-The disturbing feelings and emotions will emerge once the patient faces the trauma
-Fugue stems from Latin word for flight