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Dissociative Disorders

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by

Haley Smith

on 19 December 2013

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Transcript of Dissociative Disorders

Case Study
memento mori by jonathan nolan
Demographics
Depersonalization Disorder
Dissociative Amnesia
formerly called "psychogenic amnesia"

characterized by losing memories due to a traumatic or stressful event
Types of Memory Loss
Localized
Types of Dissociative
Disorders
-Dissociative Amnesia

-Dissociative Fugue

-Multiple Personality/ Dissociative Identity Disorder

-Depersonalization Disorder

Dissociative Disorders
Causes
A stressful and/or traumatic event such as rape, violence, murder, or suicide
Symptoms
confusion
McKenna Taylor
Haley Smith

Ciara Boyd


Connor Schmidt
Ari Shier
anterograde memory loss
Substance abuse: "black-outs"

Selective
Generalized
Systemized
Continuous
emotional distress
mild depression
suicide attempts
made into movie by his brother, christopher nolan : memento
Sufferer is affected by persistent and recurrent feelings of loss
in self-awareness.
Symptoms &
Causes
The primary symptom of depersonalization is a distorted perception of the body.
Unfortunately, little is known about the actual cause of depersonalization disorder, but it is thought that environmental and biological factors play a role.
Commonality

&
Treatments
Depersonalization is a common symptom of many psychiatric disorders...
Treatments ultimately depend on the severity of an individual's symptoms, but will most likely include a variety of treatment methods.

Case Study & Daily Life
An article in the Huffington Post reflected
on a man's life with depersonalization
disorder. The disorder essentially ended his
marriage and turned his life upside down.
Multiple Personality Disorder/
Dissociative Identity Disorder
Dissociative Fugue
Dissociative Identity Disorder, also known as DID, is a condition in which a person has more than one distinct identity or personal self. At least two of the personalities repeatedly assert themselves to control the affected person's behavior. Each personality has its own name, past, identity, and self identity.
-A rare condition in which a person suddenly,
Causes:
an innate ability to dissociate easily
repeated episodes of severse physical or sexual abuse in childhood
lack of a supportive or comforting person to counteract abusive relative(s)
influence of other relatives with dissociative symptoms or disorders
without planning or warning, travels far from home or
Symptoms:
or work and leaves behind a past life.
The major dissociative
symptoms experienced by DID
patients are amnesia,
depersonalization, derealization,
and identity disturbances.
memory loss
Amnesia: gaps in memory from long periods of patient's past, no memory of childhood (in severe cases), unexplained evidence of activity, notes in different hand writing
Depersonalization: feel their body is unreal, changing, or dissolving, sometimes feel that they are watching a movie of themselves.
Symptoms
Continued
Derealization: patient may see items or ideas in the external world as unreal such as walls, buildings, or other objects. Some objects may be thought to be changing in size, shape, or color. Also a sign of derealization is failing to recognize relatives and/or close friends.
Identity Disturbances: Sometimes refered as the patients "host", the alternet self of the patient is not the patient's orginal personality. The host is usually caused by some childhood trauma.
little appetite
avoiding contact
defensive when event is mentioned
anxiety
2-7% of the general population suffers
16% of people recovered say they once had forgotten
treatments differ depending on case
psychotherapy
cogntitive de-stressors
summary
cognitive therapy
Who is afflicted?
50% of DID patients have fewer that 11 personalities but cases with over 100 personalities have been seen.
How does it change lives?
suicide attempts
self-mutilation
violence
drug abuse
depression
eating disorder
borderline personality disorder is possible
men and women who had sexual, physical, or emotional abuse as a child
affects both men and women equally
Summary:
A disorder in which ones life is manipulated by multiple personalities that each have a unqiue name, history, identity, and self-image.
D.I.D Case Study
its hard to estimate the percentage of people in the U.S. with DID because so many people can hide it. From 25,000-100,000 people are thought to have it.
5% of DID patients are thought to be undiagnosed.
.01-1.0% of the general population suffer from DID.
Ex: Walter White (Heisenberg)
Symptoms
:
-Appear slightly confused
-Significant signs of distress
-Realize sense of identity missing
-Amnesia characteristics
Causes
Stressful events such as:
-War
-Natural Disasters
Personal Experiances of Stress:
-Shocking death of loved one
-Seemingly unbearable pressures at work or home
Case Study
Agatha Christie
Demographics
-rare disorder
-affects 0.2% of the population
-nearly all of them adults
-occurs in the aftermath of traumatic events
Summary
Dissociative fugue is a rare condition that causes someone to disappear unexpectedly and forget the event after it happens
Treatments
-Psychotherapy involving hypnosis
-Patients are encouraged to remember past events by learning to face and cope with stressful experiances that caused the fugue
-The disturbing feelings and emotions will emerge once the patient faces the trauma
-Grief
-Depression
-Remorse
-Fear
-Fugue stems from Latin word for flight
Full transcript