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Hannah Williams

on 13 December 2012

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Transcript of Psychopaths

Psychopathic Behavior Does psychopathic behavior originate from the prefrontal cortex or the amygdala? Is it the prefrontal cortex? Is it the amygdala? Language of Emotions Lack of Emotion Amygdala Neural Connections Unawareness and Focus Impulses Unawareness of Consequences Typical Behavior Psychopathic Myths Roles What is a psychopath? Many describe psychopaths as having no conscious. They have no sense of guilt, remorse, or any other emotions at all and fail to recognize emotions in others. They are also impulsive, don't learn from their mistakes, making them terrible at decision making. They are also extremely driven and focused on specific personal goals that vary widely from person to person. With these qualities, it can make them appear very selfish and manipulative. It can also help them to blend into society very well. They can appear remarkably charming or incredibly cold depending on what their specific goal is. 1. All psychopaths are aggressive.
Ex: Virginia Tech shooting, shy, withdrawn, peculiar.
2. Psychopaths are not psycho.
- sense of self vs. emotion
3. Psychopaths find delight in others pain
- no emotions register, good or bad Psychopaths are typically unaware of the consequences of their actions. They can understand frustration when things don't go their way, but no emotional or physical consequences will make them change their behavior. They will forget the association and are likely to repeat the pattern. This results in being essentially fearless of doing anything they ever desire. The unawareness of psychopaths in part comes from their extreme focus on a specific desire. They will be so focused that they fail to notice other danger signs.

Ex: "For example, some psychopaths earned reputations for being fearless fighter pilots during World War II, staying on their targets like terriers on an ankle. Yet, these pilots often failed to keep track of such unexciting details as fuel supply, altitude, location, and the position of other planes. Sometimes they became heroes, but more often, they were killed or became known as opportunists, loners, or hotshots who couldn't be relied on - except to take care of themselves." [Hare] From the lacking ability to learn from their mistakes, psychopaths often have difficulty suppressing their impulses. The patterns of what they are going to do can be quite predictable if you know their desire, but their timing is often not. "In the new study, which relied on scans of the brains of psychopaths incarcerated in Wisconsin, the researchers found reduced connections between a part of the brain associated with empathy and decision-making, known as the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC), and other parts of the brain." -Wynne Parry of Live Science The language used to describe emotion often contradicts their actions because they have never experienced the feeling to know what they're talking about. Like a colorblind person referring to the red light that they stopped at.
Ex: Woman and baby

Emotions are worthless to psychopaths unless if by faking it, they can get them closer to their desire. Adrian Raine, a psychology professor at the University of Pennsylvania conducted an experiment on children playing different amplitudes of music and observing their responses. After playing the loudest music, most children broke into a sweat. Those that didn't, he followed their record into adulthood, where all of them developed criminal records. "The brain is an incredibly complex organ. Parts depend on other parts to function; areas are entwined and re-entwined. But increasingly, Raine’s research has come to focus on the amygdala, a small almond-shaped area that governs emotions, especially anxiety, fear, empathy and remorse. The amygdalas of psychopaths show an 18 percent volume reduction from those of the rest of us. “They have one, but it’s shrunken," Raine explains. Conclusion Jadczyk, Arkadiusz, and Laura Knight-Jadczyk. "The Psychopath: The Mask of Sanity." The Cassiopaean Experiment. Cassiopaea, n.d. Web. 3 Dec. 2012. <http://www.cassiopaea.com/cassiopaea/psychopath.htm>

Lilienfeld, Scott, and Hal Arkowitz. "What "Psychopath" Means: Scientific American." Science News, Articles and Information | Scientific American. Scientific American, n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2012. <http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=what-psychopath-means>

Parry, Wynne. " Inside the Brains of Psychopaths | Brain Imaging & Psychiatric Disorders | LiveScience ." Science News – Science Articles and Current Events | LiveScience . Live Science, n.d. Web. 3 Dec. 2012. <http://www.livescience.com/17159-psychopath-brain-abnormalities.html>.

Szalavitz, Maia. "Psychopaths vs. Sadists: Brain Science, Public Fascination | TIME.com." Health & Family | A healthy balance of the mind, body and spirit | TIME.com. Time, n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2012. <http://healthland.time.com/2012/05/14/understanding-the-psychopathic-mind/>.

Science Daily. "'Psychopaths' have an impaired sense of smell, study suggests." Science Daily: News & Articles in Science, Health, Environment & Technology. Science News, n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2012. <http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/09/120920115739.htm>

Hingston, Sandy. "Kids Can Be Psychopathic, Too | Philadelphia magazine." Philadelphia Magazine. Philadelphia Magazine, n.d. Web. 3 Dec. 2012. <http://www.phillymag.com/articles/kids-psychopath-test/>.
Sources Both. There is obvious dysfunction and lack of connectivity with the amygdala and the prefrontal cortex shown through behavior and in studies of the anatomy of the different areas.
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