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The Railway

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Sava Stosic

on 13 May 2010

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Transcript of The Railway

The Railway The last Spike was hammered on November, 7, 1885 by Donald Smith. Fun Facts
The average worker made only 1 dollar per day
Donald Smith Did not create the idea of the railway but he contributed great amounts to Canada and the CPR.
John A. McDonald had the idea to connect west Canada with east Canada and the parliment prosecuted it
Van horne staged a contest to see who could lay dow the most track! Donald Smith Born in Forres, Moray shire, Scotland in 1820. Donald Smith lived his childhood like any other Scottish child until he moved to Canada. In 1848 he became a fur trader for 20 years until promoted to Montreal office in 1869. Only a few years later he became Governor of Canada. Over the next few years he was in the house of commons, chief for HBC, and high commissioner. In 1880 him and his cousins J.J.Hill, and George Stephen funded the railway that passed through St Paul's, Minneapolis. Donald Smith played a very important role in Canada and funded large amounts of money to various charities, and companies. Therefor he was invited to hammer the last spike in 1885 which brought him to be the pillar of the BMO. Later years he founded the royal Victoria collage for woman, donated to the McGill university, the Aberdeen university and, the YMCA. Being the generous man he is he died in 1914. Smith will forever be remembered in Canadian history through the famous last spike photograph. Donal Dona Sandford Fleming George Stephen The end,hope you enjoyed our presentation! Sir Sandford Fleming (January 7, 1827 July 22, 1915) was a Scottish-born Canadian engineer and inventor, known for proposing worldwide standard time zones, Canada's postage stamp, a huge body of surveying and map making, engineering much of the Intercolonial Railway and the Canadian Pacific Railway, and being a founding member of the Royal Society of Canada and founder of the Royal Canadian Institute, a science organization in Toronto. Fleming was born in Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland to Andrew and Elizabeth Fleming. In 1845, at the age of 18, he emigrated with his older brother David to Ontario (then the western half of the British province of United Canada, at that time called Canada West). Their route took them through many cities of the Canadian colonies, Quebec City, Montreal, and Kingston, Ontario, before settling in Peterbourgh, Ontario with their cousins in 1847.

In 1892, in Dufftown, Scotland; George Stephan was born. Stephan immigrated to Canada at the age of 21, He was a successful business entrepreuer of dry goods, wool, and in the cotton industries. For Stephan's high interests, he changed his mind to banking and financing, he became a director of the Bank of Montreal in 1873, and president from 1876 to 1881.

With his cousins he purchased the Saint Paul, Minneapolis, and Manitoba Railway in 1873, of which he became president. With the same syndicate they signed a contract with the Government of Canada to construct the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1880 and became the first president of held CPR, that held until 1888.

Stephan's personal wealth grow enormously which helped the early finance and construction of the CPR, he believed that the railway would tie the western wheat to the world through the ports of the St. Lawrence and take settles and goods back to the prairies. He used to gain capital investment from both government and private sources that was a must have source to finish the railway.

Being the most responsible for the success of the Canadian Pacific Railway he was created baronet in 1886, then rested to Baron Mount Stephan in 1891, and he died in Hatfield England in 1921. Estimated cost
The cost estimate towards the railway was $37 million
for equipment and an extra $25 million for labour costs.
These prices included thousands of men and horses. These
were costly expensise but they promised $25 million,
10 million hecters of land, and freedom to the chinese immegrints
if they finished in the 10 year contract. Even though $62 million
is a great deal of money it was a bigger cost in the 1880's.
Some estimates say that it would be well over $300 million today.
Those expenses must of payed off because in 2008 the CPR's market value
was $21 billion and has over 22 000 employees. You probably thought building a railway was pretty simple, but just look at the relocation plans and you try figure it out. It took Great minds and countless hours to plan,map,coordinate,record,and organize the CPR. William. Van. Horne William Van Horne was someone who had to finish what he
started and never quit. He was determined to finish the
railway in under the 10 year contract. With his effort, connections, and leadership skills they managed to finish the CPR in only 5 years which granted milions of dollare, and hectares of land to workers. Even when workers got soft he would threaten to take full control of there duties and have them off the job for good. This payed in the end, and still serves great service today. Thank you! This was the necessary imagration form for all Chinese people. This form cost $300 dollars canadian and took years to aquire in China! Heres a short video made on
the overall story about the CPR
Full transcript