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Newton vs. Aristotle

physics
by

Annabel Vega

on 12 November 2012

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Transcript of Newton vs. Aristotle

Newton vs. Aristotle By:Annabel, Cody, Demarcus,
& Tanner Aristotle Continued.. How we will manipulate his laws to prove that they were wrong?
Law of Inertia & Inherent motion Newtons 3 Laws Work Cited Aristotle was born in 384 B.C. and was taught by his teacher Plato. While he attended Lyceum for 19 years he came up with several theories and laws. Some of his theories were the 5 elements:fire, water, earth, air, & aether which meant the heavens.
With the 5 element he explained how everything came back to these 5 elements.
How objects will always travel in a straight line, aether is neither dry or wet, hot or cold, the assumption that every object will go back to its natural state.
With his other theories he had were the violent motion theories that if a cannon were to shot it would go up straight up then straight down of a cannon. Also the prime mover which explained why the earth spins and the entrophy theory that energy would increase. Even though all of theories/ laws were incorrect we would need to explain to him why his theory of inherent motion it was incorrect to him.
We will introduce him to Newtons laws and well as physically show him why it was by tying it to the sports they had during the olympics.
The events they had were race, boxing, wrestling, and chariot races. Aristotle's Motion of objects &Law of Inertia There was the 5 elements that explained why every objected moved in a certain way to their "natural place", F=mv.
With the Law of inertia there is a relationship between and objects mass m,its acceleration a, and the applied force F if F=ma.
For example with boxing, when punching an opponent the velocity of the fist will stay consist unless the opposite opponent will block then therefore the velocity changed.
1st law-Every object in a uniform motion tends to remain in that state of motion unless an eternal force is applied to it.
2nd law-the relationship between an objects mass m, its acceleration a, & the applied force F is F=ma
3rd law-For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. The difference between the law of Inertia & inherent motion of objects is that the law of inertia including the change in velocity while Aristotle law does not include a change in force.
Aristotle motion of objects What was incorrect with Aristotle motion of objects was that objects moved at a straight line. It doesn't included that what if there was an opposing force or explained why it went another direction.
For example if a chariot was to continue in a straight direction it would eventually stop because of gravity, the force it was given or it can stop if the chariot hits another object. "Newtons Laws." Youtube. N.p., 11 Nov. 2007. Web. 6 Nov. 2012.
"Newton's Three Laws of Motion." Newton's Three Laws of Motion. N.p., 11 Nov. 2012. Web. 11 Nov. 2012. <http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr161/lect/history/newton3laws.html>.
"History For Kids - By KidsPast.com." History For Kids - By KidsPast.com. N.p., 11 Nov. 2012. Web. 11 Nov. 2012. <http://kidspast.com/>.
"The Physics of the Universe - Difficult Topics Made Understandable - The Big Bang, Black Holes, Quantum Theory, Relativity, Cosmological Theories, Etc." The Physics of the Universe - Difficult Topics Made Understandable - The Big Bang, Black Holes, Quantum Theory, Relativity, Cosmological Theories, Etc. N.p., 11 Nov. 2012. Web. 11 Nov. 2012. <http://physicsoftheuniverse.com/>.
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