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Schachter-Singer Emotion Theory
Transcript of Schachter-Singer Emotion Theory
The sequence that follows would be like this:
1.You see a strange man walking toward you.
2.Your heart is racing
3.Your rapid heart rate is caused by fear.
4.The final reaction you`ll have is that you`re scared. Guido Study
• Schachter and Singer (1962)
oInjected college men with the hormone epinephrine to make them alert
o Participants then met an actor in a waiting room, with the actor either acting euphoric or irritated
o Participants felt their heart race, and their breathing become rapid
Those who were told the effects were from the injection did not claim to feel anything, attributing alertness to the drug
Those who were told the injection would have no effects, would react by “catching” the emotion of the confederate – reporting they felt happy/irritated
o *Discovery: a stirred-up state can be experienced as one emotion or another very different one, depending on how we interpret and label it – just depends on how we attribute it Bomysoad
Sometimes emotions are expressed before we think about them
All emotional states have the same pattern
Accounts for processes in autonomic nervous system but does not include processes in the central nervous system
Scientists have only been able to partially replicate the results of the Schachter-Singer experiments Wade The Theory Emotion is a function of both cognitive and physiological factors. After having a physiological reaction, humans then search their surroundings for the emotional cue that caused the initial reaction. Emotional cues are determined from a schema of past experiences. 1. Physical reaction
2. Cognitive Label Osisek Marshall, G., & Zimbardo, P. G. (1979). Affective consequences of inadequately explained physiological arousal. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 970-988.
Reisenzein, R. (1983). The Schachter theory of emotion: Two decades later. Psychological Bulletin, 94, 239-264.
Schachter, S. and Singer, J. E. (1962) Cognitive, social and physiological determinants of emotional states, Psychological Review, 69, 379-399
Takes into account influence of cognitive factors to explain why same states of physical arousal can be associated with different emotions
Takes into account the body’s feedback mechanism
Combines ideas from previous James-Lange and Cannon-Bard Theories
Psychotherapy: misattribution therapy to reduce fear