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Stock Market Game
Transcript of Stock Market Game
because money doesn't grow on trees
Selecting Your Investment
Tracking Your Investments
Causes for Stock Change
Growing Your Investments
Dividends & Earnings
Diversification & Risk
What is a Company?
What is the stock market?
Before You Invest
Stock market - a place where companies sell shares “parts” of their company
Bull Market - prices are rising and everyone is buying and the future is looking bright
Bear Market - prices are falling, no one is buying and future is looking bad
Stock - a share or “part” of company someone can own or owns
Why does a company sell stock?
to get extra money for research, creating new products, improve products, hire new employees, build new buildings
Buy – you use your money to purchase a stock or mutual fund at the current market price
Sell – you sell the stock or mutual fund you previously purchased at the current market price
Short Sell – you borrow a stock from a broker at a certain price in hopes to sell it and buy it back later for a lower price.
Short Cover – buy back short sell stocks if price starts to go up
Bonds – IOUs from a Company, City, or Government in which they borrow your money and pay you interest to do so and give you your money back at the end of the agreed time “maturity”.
1. Corporate Bond – a company issues and IOUs to raise money for their company
2. Municipal Bond – city issues and IOUs for raise money for city improvements
3. US Treasury Bond – US government issues IOUs for government improvements
Mutual Fund – a pool or group of stocks
Diversification – invest your money in different assets (stocks and bonds) this lowers your risk in investing
Risk - probability you'll get a return on your investment
Conservative Risk – bonds and preferred stocks
Moderate Risk – growth stocks or stocks that pay little dividends or no dividends because the company is investing earnings back into company or is a new company
Speculative Risk – what you think a stock will do in the future
Risk Tolerance – an individual’s willingness to lose some or all of their investmentsVolatility – shows how quickly a stock/investment may change in price
P/E ratio – price/earnings ratio = (price of stock)/(earnings per share)
Make sure and compare P/E ratios to other stock in that industry and not other industries
People buying & selling a particular stock
Investing – buying stocks and mutual funds and tracking them to see if they go up or down in price
Dividends – stock or money given to those who are part owner of the company when company does well (always given)
Earnings – extra money made on owning a share of stock (not always given)
Company - any business created to make something or serve people
Company can = Corporation – a company that is separate from its owners and stockholders
So, a company can be a…
1. Sole proprietor – owned by one person
2. Partnership – owned by a few people
3. Corporation – company separate from its owners
Brand - a trade mark or distinctive name identifying a company from all other companies
What is a Stock?
What is a ticker symbol?
Ticker symbol/stock symbol – is a unique way a stock is identified
An investor uses the stock ticker/symbol to get a stock quote (price at a specific time)
1. Buy Low Sell High (long)
2. Buy High Sell Low (short)
3. Diversify Portfolio
Buy Conservative, Moderate, & Risky Stock
4. Predict the Market Changes
Play the Game Pit
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