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Unit3 P3 Explain the importance of objectivity and the consi
Samantha Clarkon 19 September 2013
Transcript of Unit3 P3 Explain the importance of objectivity and the consi
Objectivity Vs Subjectivity
The effects of perception
The effects of attitudes, values and beliefs
Good ethical practice
It is incredibly important as an early years practitioner to be able to observe children in a professional way.
Through observation you will be able to assess where a child is in terms of its developmental stages, and therefore cater the best possible care for it
observations must be approached in a scientific manner
You must avoid being subjective
Keep your observation objective and free of pre conceived thoughts
are valid, which means
Observations must also be
reliable. For example, if you were
measuring a childs fear of lightning
how would you be able to replicate this
observation to produce valid results?
Objective - being factual, free from own personal bias
Subjective - looking at things from your own point of view
and letting your personal bias distort the facts
Validity - information gathered is relevant and measurable
Reliability - that observation methods can be repeated again, results are meaningful
What do you see?
Are you objective?
Sometimes our senses play tricks on us and we see or hear things that are not quite as they first seem. We then perceive them inaccurately
It is clear that we should be aware of the way we perceive things when observing children, it is important not to jump to conclusions but to
Objectively explore fact
our attitudes, values and beliefs directly affect our approach to life
it is then obvious that they may affect our views and interpretation of the results of our research and even how we observe
For example, if we believe that children who don't eat
breakfast are more likely to be disruptive how might
this influence our observation?
Or, if we believe that male care givers ignore the needs of
female children, how might this influence our observation?
Bias, whether intentional or unintentional may affect the reliability of all research
You must consider that you haven't chosen the child you have
for your longitudinal study with the view that that particular child will enable you to produce the results you would like
Observation then becomes, bias, subjective, invalid and unreliable
Rights and Confidentiality
During the course of observation you may have access to confidential information.
Your participants should have complete anonymity and any real names etc must not be included
This ensures that child's protection and shows respect to their confidentiality
The child also has the right to withdraw from any observations
And... The right that your observation will cause no distress or prevent any development
Always remember dealing with a child who is precious to their parents
incredibly vulnerable, and has the right along with the parents to withdraw or refuse
you MUST always respect the rights of both the child and parents
Never share personal information
allowing access of results to parents of child
Rights in legislation you MUST acknowledge
The united nations declaration of human rights and the rights of a child
The european directive on data protection (1995)
The data protection act (1998)
And lastly, it is the DUTY AND RESPONSIBILITY of anyone conducting research to be accurate in their observations and interpretations.
Some legal rights all child researchers MUST adhere to
By the end of the lesson, all learners will be able to explain four concerns when conducting research
Even better if can define 4 terms
Excellent if can illustrate the importance of maintaining good ethical conduct
Our attitudes and beliefs
Draw a picture of a clever child
Draw a picture of a poorly behaved child