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Transcript of Natural disasters
Indirect speech: imperatives
Indirect speech: say and tell - tense changes
To report what someone said without quoting the exact words, use indirect speech.
Direct speech: Peter said, "be careful if you go out during the storm"
Indirect speech: Peter said to be careful if you go out during the storm
An imperative indirect speech becomes an infinitive in indirect speech.
They said, "read the weather report" ---> they said to read the weater report.
She says, "don't go out without a full tank of gas" ---> she says not to go out quithout a full tank of gas.
Change time expressions and prouns in indirect speech as necessary.
She told Dan, "call me tomorrow" ---> she told Dan to call her the next day
Use tell when you mention the listener. Use say whey you don't.
Maggi told her parents to say home. (listeners mentioned)
Maggi said to stay home. (listeners not mentioned)
When say and tell are in past tense, the verbs in the indirect speech statement often change. Present become past. Past becomes past perfect.
They said, "the weather is awful" ---> they said (that) the weather was awful
Dan said, "we all had the flu" ---> Dan said (that) they all had had the flu
Emergency preparations and supplies
Evacuate. to remove all people from an area that is too dangerous.
En emergency. a very dangerous situation that requires inmediate action.
A power outage. an interruption inn the flow of electrical power over large area.
A shelter. a safe place where people may go when the area live in has been evacuated.
A flashlight. a portable, battery-operated light.
Non-perishable food. food that doesn't need refrigeration, such as canned and dried food.