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EPQ Presentation

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by

Aiswarya G

on 19 January 2015

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Transcript of EPQ Presentation

Is there any evidence to show that ancient medical practices have impacted modern medical practice?
Books
e.g. Druin, N & Dr Sutcliffe, J (1992) A History of Medicine – From Prehistory to the year 2020
Science Museum Exhibit
(The Science Musuem, London, 2014. 'The Science and Art of Medicine')
Websites
The Hippocratic Oath (part of the Hippocratic Corpus)
Hippocrates
Conclusion
Ancient Greek pottery showing a patient being treated
Ancient Egypt
Project Strengths
Overall, title allowed freedom to research variety of topics yet attain focus.
Able to plan structure well.
Had enough material in the end to fully answer my question & complete a full essay.
Gained valuable insight into ancient medicine and its various impacts on modern medicine.
A Perforated skull
Set out aim
Initial title: "How far have Ancient Egyptians and other ancient cultures contributed to the medical world we know today?"
Initial ideas & Planning
The process of mummification
Trepanation
Process dates back to Neolithic age
Skull perforated to expose dura mater
Known that it could be done in at least 3 ways
Risk of bleeding, shock & infection
Evidence for many survivors of the procedure
Still used in extreme cases today
However, better cures have replaced trepanation
Hippocratic Corpus
Not just written by Hippocrates but by several physicians
Humoural theory
Movement away from linking religion as cause for illness & faith healing
Set out conduct for doctors
Trust-worthy status
Impact seen even today
Resources
Plan: Consult books, websites, exhibitions, etc and find links between ancient and modern practices. Assess how significant these links were.
Further changes: Focus on Neurology then chose to focus on general impact on modern medicine.
Project Weaknesses
What I've learned:
Stone age
Ancient Greece & Rome
Trepanation wide-spread
Ancient belief in spirits causing ailments
Epilepsy, Headaches, Metal illnesses
Religion played a significant part
Animal-based drugs/oinments
Blood-letting
Faith healing
Lack of sewers & proper drainage
Use of mercury in medicine
Little impact on modern practice:
Little impact on modern practice:
Little impact on modern practice:
Significant impact on modern practice:
Mummification
Significant impact on modern practice:
Hippocratic Corpus
Dissection
Therefore, made the least impact.
Therefore, this has made the most significant impact on modern medical practice.
Evidence from research shows that most practices have had some impact.
Trepanation - least impact. Replaced by better practices.
Conduct according to Hippocratic Corpus -most impact.
Helped to progress medicine & effects still seen today.
Helped to establish doctors' conduct & patients' trust in them.
By Aiswarya Gopi
Changes to project title to accommodate lack of available material
Found it hard to find link to modern medicine sometimes
Hard to manage time when attempting to research & write essay side by side (had to come up with a clear action plan)
Why I chose the title
Able to combine interests history & medicine
Previously had an interest in contribution of ancient civilisations on modern world
Plan to study medicine so researching into its history is very interesting
How to use the Harvard style referencing system
Make full use of time management skills
How to plan research (choosing material & making notes)
How to evaluate sources (be critical)
Tools used in Trepanation
Full transcript