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Paradigm Shifts in Higher Education
Transcript of Paradigm Shifts in Higher Education
Is there nothing solid anymore?
The world used to be so simple...
Very few graduates - everyone has a diploma
Local markets of work force - global competition on talent
Fixed careers - careers evolve constantly
One diploma is enough - short competence half-time
Generic skills - work relevant skills
Broad diploma contents - constantly deeper specialization
Limited access to information - knowledge available everywhere 24/7
Point of balance moving to east and south
Internet of Learning (IoL)
Diplomas (as such) will lose their meaning
Learning, not teaching
Engineering graduates 2004/2005 (B & M):
USA 140000 (450 / 1000000), change -1%
India 350000 (200 / 1000000), change +10%
China 600000 (480 / 1000000), change +10%
Finland 8500 (1600 / 1000000), change ?
Banerjee & Muley (2008): engineering Education in India (Huom! Intian luvuissa on Duken yliopiston tutkimusten mukaan liioittelua n 50%)
Tilastokeskus, tutkinnon suorittaneet 2005
The government has begun the process in order for India to have 500 million technical professionals by year 2020.
Prime Minister ManMohan Singh, 2008
Salaries (senior SW design engineer):
India: 8800 €/a
China: 19000 €/a
Brazil: 32000 €/a
Korea: 36000 €/a
Finland: 45000 €/a
We cannot compete in numbers - how about quality?
Example: Finland vs the World
The example is based on engineering, because the numbers were comparable and available - situation is likely to be similar on other fields as well
New diploma structures?
However, somethings do not change...