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Timeline of Feminism: First --> Third Waves
Transcript of Timeline of Feminism: First --> Third Waves
- Refers to movements from the 19th - early 20th century
- Main focuses:
- Women's suffrage
- Legal issues such as: giving women custody of their own children, control of their income and more job opportunities
- Movement lasted from 1960s - early 1980s.
- Broadened "feminism" to include issues such as sexuality, reproductive rights, family rights, domestic violence, rape, and other aspects of inequality.
- Pop culture viewed as "sexist"
- Second wave feminists created their own pop culture
- More diverse strains of feminism such as gender stereotyping, rape culture, and queer theory.
- Arose to combat backlash against second wave movements.
- 1st wave feminism: focused on lessening the gap between men's and women's rights in legal issues.
- 2nd wave feminism: focused on creating a new pop culture to combat sexism in the existing culture.
- 3rd wave feminism: focused on countering backlash against 2nd wave feminism; broadening focus to include other "minority" groups facing adversity.
Second Wave Feminism
Image by Tom Mooring
Third wave feminism
Timeline of Feminism: First --> Third Wave
"Riot Grrrl" movement - early 1990s
- Underground feminist hardcore punk movement.
- Olympia, Washington + Washington D.C.
- Aims to give women the power and confidence to control their voices and expressions in an artistic way.
- Music deals with issues such as rape, domestic violence, sexuality, racism and patriarchy.
"Take our daughters to work" day - 1993
- Designed to build the self-esteem of girls in America and to introduce a variety of career opportunities for these girls.
- Now called "Take our sons and daughters to work" day.
First Feminist "organization": Langham Place group/circle - 1850s
- A group of women who believed that women deserved the same treatment as men in society.
- Established SPEW (Society for Promoting the Employment of Women) in 1859.
Publication of feminism-oriented pieces of writing
English Women's Journal
first published by Langham Place group in 1858.
- Married Love
by Marie Stopes published in 1918
- Advocated gender equality in marriage
- Writers and activists: women need recognition in order to fulfill their potential.
The belief of the political, social, and economic equality of men and women.
The advocacy of women's rights on the ground of the equality of the sexes.
Publication of "The Feminine Mystique" - 1963
- Written by Betty Friedan.
- Laid down the ground work for second wave feminism and widely credited to have started the movement.
Oral contraceptive pill approved by FDA - 1961
- Made it easier for women to focus on their careers without the chance of unexpectedly getting pregnant.
- Featured on the cover of
magazine in 1967.
- Contraception becomes free for women in the UK in 1974.
Formation of the Guerrilla Girls - early 1980s
- Formed as a response to racism and sexism in art.
- Raises awareness about issues in the world of art through protest art.
- Known for use of gorilla masks to maintain anonymity.