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Section 6: The Simple Past

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by

Dalal Altayari

on 25 January 2016

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Transcript of Section 6: The Simple Past

Section 6: The Simple Past
Objectives
* 6.1 The Simple Past: regular verbs
* 6.2 Past Time Expression
* 6.3 Spelling of regular past verbs
* 6.4 Pronunciation of -ed
* 6.5 The Simple Past: irregular verbs
* 6.6 The Simple Past: negative
* 6.7 The Simple Past:yes/no questions
* 6.8 The Simple Past: Wh-questions
* 6.9 The Simple Past:time clause with before and after

The Simple Past
Spelling & Pronunciation of regular past verb
The simple Tense
The Simple Past:
The Form
S + (Verb+-ed) or irregular + O
she

play
ed
tennis
yesterday
.
They

work
ed
hard.
I

visit
ed
my grandmother.
she

saw
her mother
they

went
to France
I

bought
a car
to see
to go
to buy
Past time expression
Yesterday, last, and ago tell us when an action happened in the past. We use these words in the following way:
Yesterday
Last
morning, afternoon, and evening
I
walked
to school
yesterday
morning.
general periods of time(night, month, week, year) days of the week( Monday, Tuesday, etc,), Seasons (summer, winter, spring, autumn)
I
visited
my grandmother
last
week.
specific length of time
I bought my car two years ago
Exercise
waited
walked
opened
listened
talked
works
calls
received
listens
answers
asked
wasn't
last
ago
yesterday
ago
last
yesterday
yesterday
last
ago
ago
ago
last
last
ago
The Simple Past: Irregular Verbs
Present
Past
I
He
She
it
They
We
You
bought
a car
was
was
were
The past tense of verb to be
am
is
are
The Form
S
+ (
V-ed
) or
irregular
+
O

The Form:
Negative
Yes/No Questions
Wh-Questions
Affirmative
She

worked
hard last semester.
He

bought

a car
last month
S
+
did not
+
V

She

did not
work
hard last semester
He
didn't

buy
a car
Do Did
Present
Did
+
S
+
V
?
Did

he

buy
a car?
Did

she

visit
her friend yesterday?
Short answers:
Yes,
he

did

No,
she

didn't

Wh- word
did
subject
base verb
?
What

did

you

do
?
Where

did


you

stay
?
Wh- word

Past tense verb
?
Who

called
?
Ahmad saw Sara yesterday .
Who did Ahmad see yesterday ?
Sara called me yesterday?
Who called you ?
I had dinner with my parents.

I didn't read a newspaper.

I didn't go to the library yesterday.

I didn't play a sport yesterday.

I didn't cook a meal yesterday.

Many women didn't have jobs.

Many women stayed at home.

People didn't watch television.

People didn't eat fast food.

he wasn't happy to see her.

went

he didn't thank her for it.

gave

he didn't say anything about it.

wrote

he didn't call her back

called

he didn't answer her

asked

go

Did

was

were

didn't

visit

Did

answered

called

wasn't

Was

rained

didn't

like

Did

I didn’t

like

Did

did not like

Didn’t water

yes, she did

take out

Did

got

did

Didn’t

eat

Did

didn't pay

did

But we moved to London last year. When we arrived in England we visited many European cities and we also went to Morocco. As I didn't speak English I started to study it. I had a private teacher who gave me some lessons and fortunately I passed all my Exams. When I finished my studies, I started to work as a teacher and I'm happy with my work.

g

i

b

d

e

Why was he tired?

How did he feel?

When did he come home?

Who had a bad day yesterday?

What did she read?

What did she find

How did she look?

Where did you see her?

When did you see her

They felt upset.

They found nothing.

After their father died.

They promised to look for the money.

He called his sons.

Did you watch television ? yes, I did.

Did you Like to play with your friends? yes, I did.

Did you live with your sister ?No, I didn't.

Did you love your parents? yes, I did.

Did you go to the mountains? No, I didn't

The Simple Past: Time clauses with before and after
A time clause begins with a conjunction such as before or after
A time clause has a subject and a verb, but it is not a complete sentence
A time clause must be used with a main clause to rm a complete sentence
a time clause can come before or after a main clause. The meaning is the same, although it is more emphatic at the beginning.
if the time clause comes first, it has a comma after it
Main Clause
Time clause
I looked at my watch

before I called
Time Clause

Main Clause

after we ate
,
we watched television
I graduated from university.

I watched a film on TV.

I went to school
I called my friend
One hour ago, she phoned me.

Last year, she wrote a novel.

I visited my grandmother one week ago
Last night/Yesterday evening, I phoned you
I stayed in the office until 5.00 yesterday.
You weren't at home last night (or yesterday evening).
I called your mobile phone but there was no answer.
You were very busy last Tuesday.
mixed
smiled
kissed
picked
shopped
tipped
replied
opened
permitted
happened
preferred
rained
carried
entered
preferred
visited
were
climbed
walked
decided
watched
enjoyed
I listened to the news before I went to work yesterday

I talked to my family before i went to work yesterday.

l took the bus before I went to work yesterday.

I had a shower before I went to work yesterday.

I brushed my teeth before I went to work yesterday.
I put the computer in my bag before I went to work yesterday

She answred the phone after she arrived at the office
She turned off the light before she locked the door
After she had breakfast, she got dressed
Before she had breakfast, she had a shower
After she got home, she cooked dinner

Before she left the office, she finished her day’s work

Before he rode a bicycle, he learned to walk
He rode a bicycle after he learned to walk

am
arrived
am walking
am talking
sounds
are
thinking
am thinking
have
called
asked
wanted
said
were
are
staying

am staying
have
x
has
got
has got
was
was
walked
offered
allowed
danced
enjoyed
danced
I preferred the small towns to Istanbul.
I admitted to a few people that Turkish was a difficult language
I answered a lot of questions about my country.
I stayed a couple of months in Paris.
I had a flat in the center of Paris.
invited
arrived
cooked
played
danced
started
called
waited
rained
wants
invited
is working
is looking
wants
sees
closed
carried

allowed
showed
counted
erased
fitted
married
died
failed
liked
called
pointed
yawned
stayed
showered
shaved
dressed
finished
walked
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