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Section 6: The Simple Past
Transcript of Section 6: The Simple Past
* 6.1 The Simple Past: regular verbs
* 6.2 Past Time Expression
* 6.3 Spelling of regular past verbs
* 6.4 Pronunciation of -ed
* 6.5 The Simple Past: irregular verbs
* 6.6 The Simple Past: negative
* 6.7 The Simple Past:yes/no questions
* 6.8 The Simple Past: Wh-questions
* 6.9 The Simple Past:time clause with before and after
The Simple Past
Spelling & Pronunciation of regular past verb
The simple Tense
The Simple Past:
S + (Verb+-ed) or irregular + O
Past time expression
Yesterday, last, and ago tell us when an action happened in the past. We use these words in the following way:
morning, afternoon, and evening
general periods of time(night, month, week, year) days of the week( Monday, Tuesday, etc,), Seasons (summer, winter, spring, autumn)
specific length of time
I bought my car two years ago
The Simple Past: Irregular Verbs
The past tense of verb to be
hard last semester.
hard last semester
her friend yesterday?
Past tense verb
Ahmad saw Sara yesterday .
Who did Ahmad see yesterday ?
Sara called me yesterday?
Who called you ?
I had dinner with my parents.
I didn't read a newspaper.
I didn't go to the library yesterday.
I didn't play a sport yesterday.
I didn't cook a meal yesterday.
Many women didn't have jobs.
Many women stayed at home.
People didn't watch television.
People didn't eat fast food.
he wasn't happy to see her.
he didn't thank her for it.
he didn't say anything about it.
he didn't call her back
he didn't answer her
did not like
yes, she did
But we moved to London last year. When we arrived in England we visited many European cities and we also went to Morocco. As I didn't speak English I started to study it. I had a private teacher who gave me some lessons and fortunately I passed all my Exams. When I finished my studies, I started to work as a teacher and I'm happy with my work.
Why was he tired?
How did he feel?
When did he come home?
Who had a bad day yesterday?
What did she read?
What did she find
How did she look?
Where did you see her?
When did you see her
They felt upset.
They found nothing.
After their father died.
They promised to look for the money.
He called his sons.
Did you watch television ? yes, I did.
Did you Like to play with your friends? yes, I did.
Did you live with your sister ?No, I didn't.
Did you love your parents? yes, I did.
Did you go to the mountains? No, I didn't
The Simple Past: Time clauses with before and after
A time clause begins with a conjunction such as before or after
A time clause has a subject and a verb, but it is not a complete sentence
A time clause must be used with a main clause to rm a complete sentence
a time clause can come before or after a main clause. The meaning is the same, although it is more emphatic at the beginning.
if the time clause comes first, it has a comma after it
I looked at my watch
before I called
after we ate
we watched television
I graduated from university.
I watched a film on TV.
I went to school
I called my friend
One hour ago, she phoned me.
Last year, she wrote a novel.
I visited my grandmother one week ago
Last night/Yesterday evening, I phoned you
I stayed in the office until 5.00 yesterday.
You weren't at home last night (or yesterday evening).
I called your mobile phone but there was no answer.
You were very busy last Tuesday.
I listened to the news before I went to work yesterday
I talked to my family before i went to work yesterday.
l took the bus before I went to work yesterday.
I had a shower before I went to work yesterday.
I brushed my teeth before I went to work yesterday.
I put the computer in my bag before I went to work yesterday
She answred the phone after she arrived at the office
She turned off the light before she locked the door
After she had breakfast, she got dressed
Before she had breakfast, she had a shower
After she got home, she cooked dinner
Before she left the office, she finished her day’s work
Before he rode a bicycle, he learned to walk
He rode a bicycle after he learned to walk
I preferred the small towns to Istanbul.
I admitted to a few people that Turkish was a difficult language
I answered a lot of questions about my country.
I stayed a couple of months in Paris.
I had a flat in the center of Paris.