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Tactics and Strategy of the American Revolution

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Lisa Kocks

on 15 January 2015

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Transcript of Tactics and Strategy of the American Revolution

Tactics and Strategy of the American Revolution
Lining up 2 deep and up to 150 soldiers across they could lay down a "Wall of Death".
So to with both lines firing the colonists had to develop a strategy to beat this highly effective and deadly combination.
A well trained and disciplined army with both the latest technology and weapons.
With a navy that stretched across the Atlantic England had an iron grip on coastal America.
One of the key components of the british army was the cadence commands and their flank like tactics.
The Colonial Army 1775

With a smaller army and minimal training General Washington had to devise a strategy to beat the British in combat.
Hit and Run tactics see there first large scale applications during the Revolutionary War "Guerrilla Warfare".
Washington's brilliance was his ability to never back his army into any corner, with escapes and defensive fighting Washington knew this was how they were going to win the war.
Lightning raids where supplies, cannons, rifles and even forts were over taken by the colonial army.
Many believe the British down played the Colonial army
Ft. Saratoga, NY
The Colonial Navy 1775
Passed into congress on October 13 ,1775 the colonial navy was born with limited funding and no ability to expand while under the rule of Britain.
The first naval ships where just converted gun boats and simple trade ships with small swivel guns.
With no deep sea fairing navy all the colonial naval operations where never far from the coast.
Many "Privateers" where commissioned by the navy to Help loot and destroy British ships.
Colonial Gun Boat
Colonial Brig
Colonial Navy Cont. 1775
Most of the naval operations came from the Caribbean, disrupting trade, looting ships and aiding French colonies in return for naval support.
The primary reason for the navies inception was to provide a defensive force for the northern colonies i.e. New York, however this ultimately fails.
State formed navies where the only ones to have Deep sea fairing vessels mostly in the New England colonies.
Sugar plantations in the local are provided great revenue for the navy and the army with privateers both looting and trading with the owners.
Though the navy was out gunned they had brilliant tactical movements that helped them capture both supplies and ships to continue the growth of their navy.
Colonial Army key victories in the North
December 26, 1776 Washington crosses the Delaware river to attack the British-Hessian outposts.
"In and Out" strategy used using the cover of night and the element if surprise they were able to take Trenton with minimal effort and casualties.
General Washington used trenches and the terrain to out maneuver the British and thus Secure Valley forge for the winter.
Ultimately it fails because General Howe commander of the British army could never commit to an engagement.
December 1777 the next year the British attempt a surprise attack on the Colonists.
The Battle of Trenton
1776
The Battle of Whitemarsh
1777
The Battle of Saratoga
1781
Battle of Yorktown 1781
The first "parallel" formations used by the colonial army, Led by General Washington who marched from the New York to corner general Cornwallis.
Forcing a surrender in less then a month this was seen as the last major battle to secure the colonist victory and to ultimately form the United States of America.
Comte de Grasse of the French Naval Fleet decides to aid the colonist in blocking the Naval retreat of the British Army.
The Battle of Yorktown
1781
British Royal Navy
With both heavy hitting and fast moving ships the British navy was able to control the Triangle Trade and increase its Naval Presence throughout the Atlantic.
The British Navy was one of the most powerful navy of the late 18th century.
With a slew of ships ranging from fast sailing brigs to Man o' Wars the battle strategy was simple for them. Destroy.
3 main classes of battle ready ships Frigates, Brigs and Man o' Wars.
VS.
The Battle of Barbados
1778
With The help of the French Navy the colonists win!
Major General Nathanael Greene
His ability to predict and counter with small engaging forces is what made him such an effective leader.
Two major battles that General Greene had a key role in was the battle of Cowpens and the battle of the Guilford Court House.
His nicknames included the The fighting Quaker, and The Savior of the South.
During the final years of the Revolution after the British had lost the North they went after the South because of the many loyalists in the ports prior to America's rebellion.
One thing that America had was Maj. Gen Nathanael Greene his strategic prowess was unmatched by any British general of the southern campaigns.
The Battle of Guilford Court House
1781
The Battle of Cowpens
1781
Take a way's from the Revolutionary War.
We see the first Guerilla Tactics applied to and used against "Conventional Warfare".
Trench warfare gains huge popularity in the home countries "defensive" battles.
Naval engagements start to evolve from simple stop and fire, to on the move multi- ship dog fights.
Generals no longer sat behind waves of troops in the case of America some fought right along side of their men.
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