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SECOND HOMECOMING AND LA LIGA FILIPINA
Transcript of SECOND HOMECOMING AND LA LIGA FILIPINA
SECOND HOMECOMING AND LA LIGA FILIPINA
> 12:00 noon of June 26, 1892 – Rizal and his sister Lucia arrived in Manila.
> He stayed at Hotel de Oriente in Binondo.
4:00 pm – He went to Malacañan Palace to seek audience with the Gov. Gen. Eulogio Despujol, Conde de Caspe. But he was told to come back at that night at 7:00.
> 7:00 pm - He returned to Malacañan Palace and was able to confer with General Despujol, who agreed to pardon his father but not the rest of his family and told him to return on Wednesday (June 29).
> Then he visited his sisters in the city – Narcisa and Neneng.
VISITING FRIENDS IN CENTRAL LUZON
6pm of the following day, Rizal boarded a train in Tutuban Station and visited his friends in Malolos, Bulacan - Jose Bautista, Manuel Crisostomo and Vicente Gatmaitan. He informed them of the details of his plan of organizing the La Liga Filipina.
From Bulacan, he traveled to San Fernando, Pampanga to visit Hilario Tiburcio and Cecilio Hilario - two Pampangeños, who became very active members of the revolutionary movement.
Then he went to Tarlac, Tarlac, where he met the Villafuertes, the Punos, and Tañedos who were convinced that the La Liga Filipina should be organized.
OTHER INTERVIEWS WITH DESPUJOL
5:00 pm of June 28 – He returned to Manila by train.
“On Wednedsay (June 29) at 7:30, I saw His excellency. I did not succeed to have the penalty of exile lifted, but he gave me hope with regard to my sisters. As it was the feast of St. Peter and St. Paul our interview ended at 9:15. I was to come again the following day at 7:30”
“The following day, Thursday (June 30), we talked about the question of Borneo. The general was opposed to it, very much opposed. He told me to come back Sunday.”
“On Sunday (July 3) I returned. We talked about sundry things and I thanked him for having lifted the exile of my sisters. I told him that my father and brother would arrive on the first boat. He asked me if I would like to go to abroad to Hong Kong. I told him yes. He told me to return on Wednesday.”
FOUNDING OF LA LIGA FILIPINA
July 3, 1892 (evening)– Rizal attended a meeting with his patriots at the home of the Chinese – Meztizo, Doroteo Ongjunco, on Ylaya Street, Tondo, Manila
PRESENT IN THE MEETING:
– a Mason and school teacher.
– Mason and tobacco shopkeeper.
Jose A. Ramos
– engraver, printer, owner of Bazar Gran Bretana, and first Worshipful Master of Nilad, first Filipino Masonic lodge.
– gobernadorcillo of Quiapo and Mason.
– dentist and Mason.
– brother-in-law of M.H. del Pilar and civilian employee in the army.
– retired lieutenant of infantry
Agustin de la Rosa
– bookkeeper and Mason.
– contractor and Mason.
– tailor and Mason.
– pharmacist and Mason.
– notary public and Mason.
– artisan and Mason.
– court clerk and Mason.
– warehouse employee.
– lawyer and Mason
– playwright, poet & gov’t employee
OFFICERS OF THE NEW LEAGUE:
> PRESIDENT – Ambrosio Salvador
> SECRETARY – Deodato Arellano
> TREASURER – Bonifacio Arevalo
> FISCAL – Agustin de la Rosa
CONSTITUTION OF THE LA LIGA FILIPINA
The aims of the Liga Filipina were the following:
1. To unite the whole archipelago into one compact and homogenous body.
2. Mutual protection in every want and necessity.
3. Defense against all violence and injustice.
4. Encouragement of education, agriculture, and commerce.
5. Study and application of reforms.
“Unus Instar Omnium”
(One Like All)
MOTTO OF LA LIGA FILIPINA
– governing body of the league. It was composed of a president, a secretary, a treasurer, and a fiscal.
> There was a
(every province) and a
WHO CAN BE MEMBERS OF THE LEAGUE?
> Every Filipinos are qualified for membership, as long as they have at heart the welfare of their fatherland.
> 2 pesos – entrance fee
> 10 centavos – monthly dues
DUTIES OF LA LIGA MEMBERS
1. Obey the orders of the Supreme Council;
2. Help in recruiting new members;
3. Keep in strictest secrecy the decisions of the Liga authorities;
4. Have a symbolic name which he cannot change until he becomes president of the council.
5. To report to the fiscal anything that he may hear which affects the Liga;
6. To behave well as befits a good Filipino; and
7. To help fellow members in all ways.
RIZAL ARRESTED AND JAILED IN FORT SANTIAGO
> Wednesday, July 6 – Rizal went back to Malacañan Palace to resume his series of interviews with Governor General Despujol.
> During this interview, General Despujol showed him some printed leaflets which were allegedly found in Lucia’s pillow cases.
> These incriminatory leaflets were entitled “Pobres Frailes” (Poor Friars) under the authorship of Fr. Jacinto and printed by the Imprenta de los Amigos del Pais, Manila
> Despite of Rizal’s denial and insistent demand for investigation in accordance with the due process of law, he was places under arrest and escorted to Fort Santiago by Ramon Despujol, nephew and aide of General Despujol.
In Fort Santiago, Rizal was kept incommunicado, as he related in his diary:
“They assigned me a fairly furnished room with a bed, a dozen chairs, one table, a wash basin, and a mirror. The room had three windows: one without a grill which opened on a patio, another with a grill which looked out on the city walls and the beach and another which was the door closed with a padlock. Two artillery men guarded it as sentinels. They had orders to fire on anyone who might signal from the beach. I could not write nor speak with anyone except the officer on duty.”
Thursday, July 7, the Gaceta de Manila published the story of Rizal’s arrest which produced indignant commotion among the Filipino people, particularly the members of the newly organized Liga Filipina.
THE ARBITRARY DEPORTATION TO DAPITAN
> Governor General Despujol’s decree deporting Rizal to “one of the islands in the South”.
The gubernatorial decree gave the reasons for Rizal’s deportation, as follows:
1. Rizal had published books and articles abroad which showed disloyalty to Spain and which were “frankly anti-Catholic” and “imprudently anti-friar”.
2. A few hours after his arrival in Manila “there was found in one of the packages a bundle of handbills entitled
in which the patient and humble generosity of the Filipinos is satirized, and in which accusation is published against the customs of the religious orders”
3. His novel El Filibusterismo was dedicated to the memory of the three “traitors” (GomBurZa), and on the title page he wrote that in view of the vices and errors of the Spanish administration, “the only salvation for the Philippines was separation from the mother country”.
4. “The end of which he pursues in his efforts and writings is to tear from the loyal Filipino breasts the treasures of our holy Catholic Faith”.
> 12:30 of July 15, 1852, Rizal was brought under heavy guard to the steamer Cebu which was sailing for Dapitan.
> This steamer under Captain Delgras departed at 1:00 A.M., July 15, sailing south, passing Mindoro and Panay.
> Reached Dapitan on Sunday, July 17 at 7:00 in the evening.
> Captain Delgras went ashore and handed Rizal over to Captain Ricardo Carnicero, Spanish commandant of Dapitan.
> On the same day, Rizal began his exile in Dapitan which would last until July 31, 1896, a period of four years.
QUESTION # 1
In Rizal's Second Homecoming, he arrived in Manila with whom?
QUESTION # 2
After Rizal's interview with Gov. Gen. Despujol, who were his two sisters that he visited?
QUESTION # 3
Give one of the friends that Rizal visited in Malolos, Bulacan.
QUESTION # 4
Where did Rizal boarded a train going to Malolos, Bulacan?
QUESTION # 5
It is a civic society founded by Rizal to unite the Filipinos upon his arrival in Manila.
QUESTION # 6
Who was the elected president of the league?
QUESTION # 7
These were the printed leaflets which were allegedly found on the pillow cases of Lucia.
> Rizal explained the objectives of the Liga Filipina, a civic league of the Filipinos, which he desired to establish and its role in socio-economic life of the people
PEDRO SERRANO LAKTAW