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Friedrich Frobel: The Father of Kindergarten
Transcript of Friedrich Frobel: The Father of Kindergarten
The Father of Kindergarten
In 1832, Froebel returned to Germany. There he established a new type of school- The Kindergarten.
The purpose of this school was to prepare young children (3 - 5 years old) for learning. The children were provided with an educational environment and direction for proper development. They learned through play with educational toys, activities, songs, and stories.
"The gift leads to discovery; the occupation to invention. The gift gives insight; the occupation, power." - Froebel
Applications for Today
Froebel's ideas are still used all around the world; the kindergarten is now a part of many public school systems.
Many of the gifts, though they now go by different names, are in use in schools throughout the United States.
Froebel advanced the ideas of learning through play, song, and interaction.
In 1805 Friedrich Froebel became a teacher at a Pestalozzian school. In order to prepare for the position, he studied under Pestalozzi at Yverdon.
Froebel later went back to school to study language, science, and mineralogy. He used many of the ideas from these studies to develop his theories on human development.
Froebel established two educational institutes as well as a boarding school and orphanage.
By: Carol Ann Trentham
Friedrich Wilhelm August Froebel was born April 21, 1782.
He was the fifth child of a Lutheran pastor.
Froebel's mother died when he was nine months old.
He was forced by his father to attend a girls' primary school in his hometown.
He felt neglected by his father and stepmother, and he moved in with his maternal uncle at eleven years of age.
He originally apprenticed as a forester and took courses at the University of Jena.
Froebel briefly studied architecture in Frankfurt.
Froebel was imprisoned for unpaid debts.
"Children are like tiny flowers; they are varied and need care, but each is beautiful alone and glorious when seen in the community of peers."
"That which follows is always conditioned upon that which goes before."
"Play is the highest expression of human development in childhood for it alone is the free expression of what is in a child's soul."