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Transcript of WWII
Pan American Conferences
Recognized Soviet Union
Facism/ Militarism Italy
Attracted veterans, nationalists, and those scared of communism. Facism: The idea that poeple should glorify their nation and their race through an aggressive show of force.
Nazi's- Used hatred
Due to economic struggles Japan
Nationalists and militarists
Invaded China and Southeast Asia Isolationism
Nye Committee- war to serve bankers and arms manufacturers.
Neutrality acts- 1935, 1936, 1937
America First Committee- warned the country about getting involved with Europe again.
( Charles Lindbergh) Appeasement:
Ehtiopia, 1935; Rhineland, 1936; China, 1937; Sudetenland, 1938
Arms Build up of U.S.
Roosevelt's "quarantine" speech The War Invasion of Poland
September 1, 1939
Blitzkrieg ( lightning war)
Cash and carry- belligerent could buy arms if used own ships and paid cash
lend lease act- british buy on credit
Selective service act- men 21-35
Destroyers for bases- 50 old destroyers for bases in the British islands in the Caribbean Pearl Harbor:
December 7, 1941
Japan attacked the base killing 2.400 Americans. Allied Powers (good guys)
Britain (Churchill), U.S. (Roosevelt), Soviet Union (Stalin) Industry
WPB (War Production Board)- manage war industries
OWM (Office of War Mobilization)- set production priorities and controlled raw materials.
Henry Kaiser in Cali - new ship in 14 days
OPA ( Office of Price Administration)
Unions - angry and set strikes Major battles:
Leyte Gulf, October1944
Battle of Okinawa, April to june 1945
Kamikaze pilots ( suicide pilots) Conferences:
Casablanca (Only Roosevelt and Churchill showed up. Invade Sicily and demand unconditional surrender)
Teheran (u.s. would liberate France and Soviets wouldinvade Germany)
Yalta ( Germany divided into zones, free elections in liberated countries, Soviets enter war against Japan, Soviet control in Sakhalin, Kurile and Manchuria, New world peace organization formed) President Roosevelt died
April 12, 1945
dies suddenly in Georgia home
Truman entered office Potsdam:
July 17- August 2, 1945
Truman, Attlee, Stalin
agree to issue warning to Japan to surrender, hold war crime trials of Nazi leaders.
Post War War Costs:
300,000 Americans lives
320 billion dollars United Nations-
Dumbarton Oaks near D.C.
U.S., Soviets, Britain, and China proposed U.N.
50 nations assembled in San Francisco to draft charter.
October 24, 1945 congress accapts U.S. involvement in U.N. GI Bill
Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944
government paid for education and low interest loans. Truman's Politics
Continued the New Deal of FDR
22nd Amendment- two term max
Taft-Hartley Act 1947- Outlawed closed shop, right to work laws, outlawed secondary boycotts, president ability to invoke 80-day cooling off period
The Fair Deal- all were defeated but increase in minimum wage and inclusion of more workers under social security.