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Figurative Language in The Princess Bride

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Adam Snowden

on 13 March 2014

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Transcript of Figurative Language in The Princess Bride

Goldman incorporates little personification, saying descriptions make the story boring. However, there were some examples, such as:

“The Queen's Pride was his ship, and he loved her"
"The snow sand...strangling her."

Personification
Imagery
Goldman uses imagery to enhance beauty in certain parts, especially when describing the most beautiful women. Interestingly, however, Goldman admits to leaving out imagery "incorporated in the original book by Morgenstern."

Physical Beauty
"Her skin was of a dusky perfection..."
"The farm boy had eyes like the sea before a storm" (also a simile)
"Broad enough in the shoulders...muscular....skin was perfect and tan... flatter stomach..."
Similes and Metaphors
Similes
"Prince Humperdink was like a barrel. His chest was a great barrel chest, his thighs great barrel thighs..."
"...Skin like winter..."

Metaphors
“Do I love you? My God, if your love were a grain of sand, mine would be a universe of beaches.”
"Her heart was a secret garden and the walls were very high.”
Irony
Irony is the main figurative language used in the book, specifically verbal irony (sarcasm) and situational irony.

Verbal
Goldman writes in a somewhat mocking tone in many parts, making sarcastic comments conveying humor, especially in pointing out anachronistic objects.
"This was after taxes. But everything is after taxes. Taxes were here even before stew."
"blue jeans were invented considerably before most people suppose"
"The land of Florin was set between where Sweden and Germany would eventually settle. (This was before Europe.)"

Situational
Ex: When we are aware of Humperdink's plan to kill Buttercup, but she isn't.
Ex: Buttercup requests the Prince to send a message to Westley, expecting him to get her message and sail back to save her, while in reality, Westley is trapped in the Zoo of Death.

Adam Snowden
Figurative Language in
The Princess Bride



The foreshadowing in this book is most effectively shown in the author’s interjecting commentary, as he warns readers of upcoming events so they don't "fret" or get too worked up.

"She does not get eaten by sharks at this time”
“Westley dies…Humperdink Kills Him.”

However, Goldman also used foreshadowing in the story. As opposed to foreshadowing through Goldman’s commentary, this use of foreshadowing builds suspense.

“Hello. My name is Inigo Montoya. You killed my father. Prepare to die.”

This foreshadows Inigo finding his father’s murderer and introducing him to the same fate.
Foreshadowing
Figurative Language
Figurative language refers to words, and groups of words, that exaggerate or alter the usual meanings of the component words. Examples of these devices include:

Simile:
A simile uses the words “like” or “as” to compare one object or idea with another to suggest they are alike.
Example: He ran like a cheetah on Red Bull.

Metaphor :
The metaphor states a fact or draws a verbal picture by the use of direct comparison.
Example: The teacher was a mother hen.

Personification :
A figure of speech in which human characteristics are given to an animal or an object.
Example: The words were jumping off the page.

Alliteration :
The repetition of the same initial letter, sound, or group of sounds in a series of words.
Example: Any acceptable, admirable armadillo acts as an angry, accomplished anteater; after all, any amount of ants are awfully annoying. Afterward, abundant armadillos ask,"Are all ants annihilated?" And any alive ants awkwardly accept ambush, advancing away, as all ants acknowledge all amazing armadillos are austoundingly authoritative and assertive.

Irony
Verbal irony (also called sarcasm) - a writer makes a statement in which the actual meaning differs from the meaning that the words appear to express.
Ex: saying “Oh, fantastic!” when the situation is actually bad

Situational irony -chance events occur that seem oddly appropriate..
Ex: The fireman's house burned down

Dramatic irony - a narrative in which the reader knows something about present or future circumstances that a character in the story does not know.
Ex: In a scary movie, the character walks into a house and the audience knows the killer is in the house.

Onomatopoeia :
The use of a word to describe or imitate a natural sound or the sound made by an object or an action.
Example: *snap crackle pop*

Foreshadowing:
To give or be a warning or indication of a future event.
Ex: In Star Wars, Episode 2, Obi Wan Kenobi addresses Anakin and says, " Why do I get the feeling you will be the death of me?" He is later killed by Darth Vader (Anakin).

Hyperbole :
An exaggeration that is so dramatic that no one would believe the statement is true.
Example: The backpack weighed a ton.

Idioms :
A phrase peculiar to itself either grammatically or in having a meaning that cannot be derived from the conjoined meanings of its elements.
Example: His mother had a green thumb.

Thanks for watching!

And Hi Mrs. Fordham :)
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