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GNED 500

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Kiranjot Kaur

on 7 July 2016

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Transcript of GNED 500

Is Canada a diverse, multicultural and inclusive nation ???​
(where all members of society are treated equally)
EQUALITY, EQUITY & INEQUALITY IN CANADA
TRACING HISTORY
EQUALITY:

EVERY CITIZEN IS ENTITLED TO THE EXACT SAME BENEFITS WITHOUT REGARD FOR THEIR NEEDS, AND BELIEFS.

EQUITY:

THE ACHIEVEMENT OF FINAL EQUALITY WITH DIFFERENT MEANS. INDIVIDUALLY HELPING EACH CITIZEN TO ALLOW EVERYONE TO BE ON THE SAME LEVEL.​

INEQUALITY:

THE UNBALANCE OF GOODS, WEALTH, EDUCATION, OPPORTUNITIES, RESPECT IN SOCIETY ​
CHAPTER 7
Barriers
policies or practices that prevent full or equal participation in society
Aboriginal
Education
Aboriginal youth were banned from high school education between the 18 – 1900’s​

The residential schools striped the youth of their cultural traditions and religious beliefs ​

1/3rd of the aboriginal population compared to 60% of the white population went passed the third grade in the mid 1900’s​

Amends
In 2008 the federal government issued an apology towards the aboriginal people In regard to all the abuse they sustained ​
In 2006 the Indian residential school settlement agreement awarded first nations people 1.9 billion dollars in an attempt to help ease the pain​
Many cases being reported today consist of abuse and discrimination that is purposed onto aboriginal people​
Aboriginal
Many rights of aboriginal peoples have been tarnished and removed as their opinions and voices are suppressed ​
The aboriginal population makes up 4% of Canada's total population while aboriginal people make up 24% of the imprisoned people in Canada​

VIDEO
Aboriginal Inequality in Canada​
( history)
Exploitation caused by European expansion throughout the 16-1700’s, resulting in land loss, disease, a loss of community and culture.​
The proclamation acknowledging aboriginal territorial rights was signed in 1763.​
In the mid 1800’s the colonized government in Canada had begun to push aboriginals away from growing European populations into reserves​
In 1895 many restrictions and cultural losses were imposed when the banning of the Sundance and potlatch arose​
Ideology
critiques
Repetition of concept ( dominant ideology while explaining factors contributing inequality)​
Negative points are more highlighted in the chapter ( I think scenario is not that bad means Canada actually is a multicultural nation)​
Case study about Aboriginals is bit longer ( other inequalities that are persistent at the moment could be discussed) ​
Inequality based on language is not discussed ( bilingual requirements for honorable jobs) ​
The inequality faced by immigrants who are not citizens, is not discussed. (fees of international students is approximately double)​

Income equality is discussed only in Ontario, there should be comparison of different provinces (high wages in Alberta) ​
Kiranjot Kaur
Sukhwinderpal Singh
GENDER
INCOME
RACE
INEQUALITY
Colonization​
Dominant​
Discourses​
Imperialism​

Individual​
Privileges/ minoritization​
Low level of education or skill​
Single parent: income inequality​




Ideologies​
.
White Supremacy​
Patriarchy​
Classism​
Capitalism​

Structures

Government​
Families​
Media​
Legal System​


Neo-conservative

everyone has equal
opportunities
individual is responsible for his failure
unemployed are labeled as lazy
european are naturally superior than others
hierarchy is based on god given rights
Neo-liberal
inequality is caused by individuals ability
pathology
lack of education
recognized class
everyone starts from same level
trickel-down theory:
we all benefit if
richer gets more
richer
Trans-
formative
cause of inequality and discrimination socially
dominant ideology and discourse
social justice and equality should be there
change must involve everybody
structural change is difficult to achive
Various types:

Physical
Social
Attitudinal
Organizational
Technical
Informational
Full transcript