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Transcript of Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln played a vital contribution in the American Civil Rights Movement, which occurred on 1861-1865. While he is mainly recognized as the 16th President of the United States, he is also remembered for instigating the process of eliminating slavery by authoring the Emancipation Proclamation on 1863, amongst other points such as his inspiring perseverance and noble leadership.
The family attended a Separate Baptists church, that held restrictive moral standards and opposed alcohol, dancing and slavery.
Abraham Lincoln's Background
A year later, he was hired to run a general store. While working, he read many books. As he go older, he began studying about law and politics. Abraham Lincoln's political career started at New Salem. He moved there in 1831, and joined the debating society. Not to long later, he became a lawyer.
ROLE IN THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT
THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION
In 1862, Lincoln issued a preliminary decree stating that, unless the rebellious states returned to the Union by January 1, freedom would be granted to slaves within those states. But none accepted the offer, and as a result, Lincoln presented The Emancipation Proclamation on January 1.
In this document, he promised that “all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of the State, the people whereof shall be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free”. Moreover, the Proclamation declared that "persons of suitable condition, will be received into the armed service of the United States", legalizing colored persons to join the army for soldiers were desperately needed.
But the Emancipation Proclamation did not immediately emancipate all the slaves in the United States. While the issue demanded for the freedom of slaves in the ten states in rebellion [which was revealed in the declaration to be Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina and Virginia], it did not apply to those under the Union control for he did not want to antagonize the loyalty of the slave states to the Union by setting their slaves free, like the five border states. Besides, the article was only based on the president's constitutional authority as commander in chief of the armed forces and consequently, slavery was not banned for it was not a law approved by the Congress. There was contradiction between various informational sites about whether the Proclamation truly liberated any slaves, and so it is unclear to this day. Nonetheless, it was not until the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment when slavery was utterly abolished in the United States.
While it seemed Lincoln's main objective was to eradicate slavery, his true intentions lies on the preservation of the Union. Here is a quote from his reply to Horace Greeley, an editor of the New York Tribute who had accused him of lacking proper administration: "My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union, and is not either to save or to destroy slavery. If I could save the Union without freeing any slave I would do it, and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone I would also do that".
THE THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT
In 1865, the U.S. House of Representatives authorized the 13Th Amendment to the Constitution, obliterating slavery in America, to which the constitutional amendment indicated, "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States nor any place subject to their jurisdiction.” Abraham Lincoln was known to be a proud supporter of this decree. But the president was assassinated on April 1865 by John Wilkes Booth, eight months before the 13Th Amendment was officially adopted in December 1865.
Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809, in a log cabin with one room in Hardin County, Kentucky. He was the second child of Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Lincoln (or Hanks) with Sarah Lincoln as his oldest sister.
His father was a respected citizen for the Lincoln family bought or leased many farms throughout the tri-state area. His father was among some of the richest men in the country. However, in 1816, they lost all of the land in court cases because of faulty property titles.
Moving & Childhood
The Lincoln family traveled north, across the Ohio River, to a free non-slave territory to make a fresh start in what was then Perry County, but now known as Spencer County, Indiana. The transfer was apparently "partly on account of slavery" but mainly due to land difficulties.
By: Hailee, Kanesha, Madison and Abhi
As a child, Abraham loved to learn, so he was very intelligent at his age. His family members were very close to one another. His mother told bible stories while his father told jokes, where Abraham clearly inherited his humor.
~Lincoln performed careful administration in the Civil Wars Movement for his judgments facilitated significantly in the restoration of harmony throughout America, impacting especially the American worldview.
This impacted African Americans today because they have more rights, they can get proper jobs and are paid minimum wage, they are treated as people not property, and they have the same rights as other american citizens.
~Though, Abe Lincoln is generally acknowledged in our history as the leader of the ambolishment of oppression in the U.S. during the 1860’s, he is also the very epitome of courage and leadership to which many historians and politicians, such as Barack Obama, regard with respect and aspire to live up to which is all due to his honorable actions and mindset.
A New Start
When Abe was 9, his mother got milk sickness (from drinking milk of a cow that ate a poisonous plant), leaving the Lincoln's mourning for a while.
After some time, Abraham's father went out to search for a new wife. He brought home Sarah, who was a widow with 3 children, who took Abe and his sister as her kin. He became very close to his step mom and referred to her as his "mother".
As a child, he was raised as a farm boy and worked outside a lot because that was what his father wanted him to do, but Abraham wanted to learn and read.
Being a teen, he did not like the hard labor associated with frontier life. People around him, considered him to be lazy when he read during working hours but he was always eager to learn. At the age of 19, Abe poled a flatboat down a river and he saw African Americans being sold. He didn't like that at all.
In 1830, there was a milk sickness outbreak along the Ohio river, so the Lincoln family moved west to Coles County, Illinois, another non-slave state. Abe was an ambitious 22 year old who was now old enough to make his own decisions. this is where he set off on his political journey.
This is The Lincoln
The white house is 1800's when
Abraham was President
His political Journey
Lincoln's first bid for elected office was in 1832, when he ran unsuccessfully for the Illinois state council. Two years later, he ran again and was victorious. He became a fixture of the Whig party in the General Assembly for the next eight years. At the same time, Lincoln's law career began to flourish. He was admitted to the bar in 1837, and moved to Springfield, the new state capital, later during the same year.
Lincoln married Mary Todd in 1842. Together, they had four sons, two of whom died tragically while still children.
In 1846, Lincoln was elected to U.S. Congress, and moved to Washington to serve out his term, where he spoke out against the Mexican War and unsuccessfully attempted to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia.
During 1849, Abraham returned to Springfield to resume his career as a lawyer and devote more time to his family. His political life appeared to be over, But when the slavery question heated up in the middle 1850s, Lincoln jumped back into the elections, running unsuccessfully for Senate in 1854 and 1858. Despite these losses, he gained national exposure due to his flair for oration. Such talent was especially evident during the series of debates he engaged in against Stephen Douglas during the campaign of 1858, when Lincoln established himself as a leading opponent of popular dominace.
A combination of luck, manipulation, and talent won Lincoln the Republican nomination for president in 1860. An especially fragmented race, featuring four major candidates, resulted in a victory for Lincoln despite the fact that he won less than 40 percent of the popular vote. With an avowed opponent of slavery having gained the nation's top office, several southern states began to consider the prospect of secession. The civil War was being fought to preserve the Union and the fate of slavery also played a major role while he became president.
Sadly he was assassinated in 1865 because some people didn't like the changes that he made.
He became noted for his pithy way with words, giving such memorable speeches as the Gettysburg Address and the Second Inaugural.
- Born February 12th, 1809 - died April 15th 1865, age 56
- His party was republican and he was president for four years from 1861-1865, when he was assassinated.
- Mary's (Abe's wife) parents disagreed with her marrying Abraham because he had a poor background and they had a wealthy one.
- Abraham had four children, Robert Todd, Edward, Willie and Tad Lincoln. Only Robert Todd Lincoln survived into adulthood.
- He was the first president to be assassinated
- He had deep depression
- The phrase "honest Abe" came from Abraham
- He was the tallest U.S. president at 6'4"
- Even though he was strong, a talented wrestler and good with an axe, Abe disliked killing and harming animals, even for food.
- He was the first president to have a beard.
- Lastly, Lincoln was fond of pets and owned horses, cat, dogs and a turkey.