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The Neolithic Revolution: WH1.1

Objective: Describe and evaluate social, cultural, and economic changes of small agriculture communities which led to the development of large agricultural settlements such as the movement from hunting and gathering societies.
by

Dustin Harrison

on 12 August 2016

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Transcript of The Neolithic Revolution: WH1.1

The Neolithic Revolution & Its Impact
Objective: Describe the social, cultural, and economic changes of small agriculture communities which led to the development of large agricultural settlements such as the movement from hunting and gathering societies to civilization.

Before History
Prehistory = no writing
How do we know what happened?
Theories based on...
Archaeology
Artifacts
Note: In this class, we will use both BCE & CE, AND BC & AD.
Higher-level question: What artifacts from contemporary culture would best show contemporary ways of life, beliefs, and values to archaeologists ten thousand years from now? Explain what these artifacts would teach future peoples about us.
First hominid:
walked upright
used stone tools
Used more/larger tools
moved into parts of Europe/Asia
could make fires!
"wise human being"
Paleolithic Age (“Old Stone Age”) - tools made of stone
earliest period of human history (2,500,000 to 10,000 B.C.E)
hunted game and gathered nuts, berries, etc. (nomads)
life organized around finding food.
bands
of 20-30 people.
Paleolithic men and women may have been roughly equal because both were finding food.
early shelter was caves. Later, houses and huts
used fire systematically
warmth, sense of community, scared away wild animals, flushed out animals for hunting, and cooked food.
Paleolithic art -Lascaux, France.
Higher Level Question: The Paleolithic cave paintings probably were part of a magical or religious ritual to ensure a successful hunt. Few people in contemporary times believe art has this kind of power, yet art continues to be a vital human activity. What are other functions of art?
Neolithic Age - people began to grow and store food beginning around 8000 BCE
Neolithic Revolution (Agricultural Revolution)
animals also domesticated for food, clothing, & work
made it possible to settle in one place (communities) - vital step toward the development of CIVILIZATION
early Neolithic farming villages:
Catal Huyuk - modern Turkey
Jericho - Palestine
men took on more responsibility of obtaining food and protecting settlements (became more dominant)
Higher Level Question: In what ways did the development of agriculture make life better or worse for Neolithic people?
Bronze Age - Between 3000 and 1200 B.C.E, people learned to use metals
first they used copper
then mixed copper and tin to make bronze (more durable)
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