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Ch. 7 Nonverbal Codes and Cultural Space

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Joe St. James

on 12 October 2012

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Transcript of Ch. 7 Nonverbal Codes and Cultural Space

COM280 Defining Nonverbal Communication 60-70% of information we give is through body language

Includes two forms of communication:
1. Facial expressions, personal space, gestures, eye contact, paralanguage, use of time, and conversational silence
3. Cultural Space - social and cultural contexts in which our identity forms - where we grow up and live. Can you think of a time where what you had to say could only be told without the use of your voice?

Would anyone outside of your personal space or community understand you? What does nonverbal behavior communicate? Relational Messages
Expectancy violations theory Universality of Nonverbal Behavior Physical appearance: Two aspects of beauty in every culture:
1. More emphasis on female attractiveness than male
2. Men consistently express stronger preferences for attractive mates than women

Universal between Humans/Chimpanzees- Raised eyebrows for recognition- Upturned palm for 'gimme'

How do culture, ethnicity, and gender influence nonverbal communication patterns? Do some focus more on hand gestures, use of eyes, understanding of social cues, etc?

How universal is most nonverbal communication? Nonverbal Codes Facial expressions
Proxemics (contact cultures vs noncontact cultures)
Eye contact
Voice qualities
Chronemics (monochromic, polychromic)
Silence Can you think of examples?

When do you think that silence itself is used to communicate meaning?

Does it change from culture to culture?

Which one is most prevalent in your life? Prejudice, Discrimination, and Stereotypes How is nonverbal communication used in these contexts?

How is it used with strangers, friends, and those we have very close relationships with? Defining Cultural Space Cultural Identity
Home vs Neighborhood vs Regionalism

How is your nonverbal communication specific to your culture?

Does it need to be?

Something we should change or embrace? Should we try and be more inclusive?

How should we learn what nonverbal communication strategies are in a new culture we are unfamiliar with? PROXEMICS Do you think that we should make nonverbal communication signs more universal so that everyone can understand them?

Which one is most used/experienced in your life?

How have you interpreted signs that have marginalized you or put you in a higher social standing? Works Consulted Martin, J., & Nakayama, T. (2010). Intercultural
communication in contexts (6th ed). New York, New
York: McGraw-Hill
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