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Bringing together interdisciplinary perspectives on compound

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Gerhard Van Huyssteen

on 31 October 2013

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Transcript of Bringing together interdisciplinary perspectives on compound

Levels of linguistic description
Fox (1996: viii)
Categorisation network
A new taxonomy
Bringing together interdisciplinary perspectives on compound semantics
Modeling linguistic compounds
AuCoPro
Next steps: CompoNet
Examples from Afrikaans and Dutch in the CompoNet database
Gerhard B van Huyssteen*, Ben Verhoeven** and Walter Daelemans**

*Centre for Text Technology (CTexT), North-West University, Potchefstroom, 2531
gerhard.vanhuyssteen@nwu.ac.za
**Computational Linguistics Group (CLiPS), University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium
{Ben.Verhoeven;Walter.Daelemans}@ua.ac.be

Understanding compound processing in Afrikaans and Dutch
Develop technologies for automatic compound processing
to gain insight in compound semantics by unifying perspectives from computational semantics, typological studies, and construction-based approaches to word-formation
Why linguistic compounds?
"...compounding is a field of study where intricate problems abound, numerous issues remain unresolved, and convincing solutions are generally not so easy to find." (Plag, 2003:132)
Scalise & Bisetto (2009)
Lieber (2009: 98):
dog bed
- "...there is no verbal element here, so a subordinate interpretation is ruled out."
Lieber (2009: 93):
table leg
provided as an example of a subordinate compound
Computational modeling of semantics
Using six categories of Ó Séaghdha (2008)
"What is needed, is a model with only one type of structure that would take over functions of both the lexicon and the rule system." (Ryder, 1994:56)
"Cognitive Linguistics cannot explain all the intricate problems involved in compounding. One of its assets, however, is that it can offer a comprehensive model of language, in which many issues relevant to the analysis of compounding can be coherently integrated." (Heyvaert, 2009)
Aim
to postulate such single, unified models of compounding
taxonomy
categorisation network
that will serve as input for computational modeling
annotation protocol
http://tinyurl.com/aucopro
Language change
Social interaction
Cognition
Language patterns
Ryder (1994)
Psycholinguistic
Linguistic
Comp.linguistic
Schmid (2011)
Sociopragmatic
Cognitive
Structural
Diachronic level
Sociopragmatic level
Cognitive level
Structural level
Computational level
Phonological
Semantic
Morphological
Syntactic
Morphonological
Compoundhood: stress patterns
Phonosyntactic
Compoundhood: mobility and uninterruptibility
Morphosemantic
Headedness
Semosyntactic
Grammatical relations: coordinate, subordinate, attributive, appositive
Semantic roles: subject, object, cause, location, etc.
Morphosyntactic
Unit status
POS
Sentence
Phrase
Word (free stem)
Dependent stem
Phrase: NP, VP, AP, PP
Word: N, V, A, P Num/Q
deverbals, denominals, deadjectivals, baseforms/groundforms
Semosyntactic
Grammatical relations: coordinate, subordinate, attributive, appositive
Semantic roles: subject, object, cause, location, etc.
Advantages
Robust categorisation model
clear-cut categories (with correspondences)
easy to grow
islands of prototypicality
Rigorous formalism
phonological pole (orthography)
semantic pole
Combines various levels of description
compliant with Scalise & Bisetto (2009)
Done
Dutch: corrected some basic errors (1.1)
Afrikaans: added 144 compounds (0.1)
Annotation protocol (2.0)
To do
Dutch: new annotations (2.0)
Afrikaans: old annotations (1.0)
Afrikaans: new annotations (2.0)
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