Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Literature Timeline

How Literature and the Arts evolved over time
by

on 18 May 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Literature Timeline

Literature Timeline
:D

Native American and Explorers
(20,000 B.C.E-present)
The Native American and Explorers literature were preserved orally, in the form of myths and legends.
1492
- Columbus sailed to the Americas, thinking it was India.
1521
- Hernan Cortes conquered the Aztec Empire in Mexico.
1683
-
1834
- Spanish Missionaries attempt to convert Natives to Catholicism .
Colonial and Puritan
Age of Reason and Enlightenment
1687-1798
- The Uprising of New/Controversial ideas in all areas. Writing was heavily influenced by new political and social ideas. It also started to shift its focus to the inherent qualities, abilities, and rights of an individual.
1647
-Descartes introduced his idea that the body worked like a machine
1789
-French Revolution
1688
- Glorious Revolution
Romanticism
(
1800-1840
)- A Literary and Artistic movement that highlighted the individual. Writings began to centralize around the surreal, and the sublime ("Terrifyingly Beautiful")
1812
- War of 1812
1712
- Jean Jacques Rousseau believed in focusing on the individual
1770
- William Wordsworth was born
Summary of Period
Natives believed that spirits and respected beings were present in all objects, living or non-living
The literature by natives during the Old Imperialism Period show mixed feelings about the newcomers.
On the other perspective, explorers wrote on impressions of the New World
Authors/Works
Bay Psalm Book (1640)-
Roger Williams and Thomas Hooker


Working Providence (1654)

-
Edward Johnson

Magnalia Christi Americana (1702)-
Cotton Mather
Summary of Period
wrote in journals on a day-to-day basis
poetry about the new life
sermons
First time slave narratives were written and even publicized.
Imaginative literature was looked down upon in the colonies.
Authors/Works
Issac Newton
- Principia
- 3 Newtonian Laws

Leviathan-
Thomas Hobbes

Voltaire
-
Emile



Authors/Works
Wuthering Heights -
Emily Brontë

Frankenstein-
Mary Shelley

Pride and Prejudice-
Jane Austen
Transcendentalism
(
1836
-
1860
) A movement religiously and philosophically focusing on the soul, humanity, nature, and society. Writings, especially by Walt Whitman, Henry David Thoreau, and Ralph Waldo Emerson, encouraged resistance toward social, religious, and political norms.
1846
-Thoreau refused to pay the poll tax, and as a result was jailed.
1854
-White people in power accuse Anthony Burns of being an escaped slave. 50k people watched him, in shackles, board his slaveboat.
1859
- An attack on Harper's Ferry, led by James brown, surrenders to the American military force.
Authors/Works
Nature-
Ralph Waldo Emerson

Walden, or Life in the Woods
-
Henry David Thoreau

Song of myself-
Walt Whitman
Realism
(
1865
-
1900
) Occurred as a reaction to the Civil War, and truthfully depicted life. Writers worked to portray to the struggles of ALL classes, including the slaves.
(
1871
) Germany (Kleindeutsch) unified.
(
1884
-
1897
) Minor Depression in America
(
1898
) Hawaii annexed to U.S.
Invasions of Europeans
for land, gold, and crops.
After the foreign conquest, missionaries swooped in to convert the natives.
The natives were simplistic, yet spiritual
Authors/Works
(
1607-1765)
Refugees of the Anglican Church relocated in the New World, to "purify" their Christian Religion. Much writing was shown in diaries, and religious books.
(
1607
-
1630
) Growth of English Chesapeake Colonies
(
1609
) Dutch Colonization in New York
(
1664
) France established the colony of Saint-Domingue
Refugees of the Anglican Church relocated in the New World, to "purify" their Christian Religion.
Less religious reasons included more freedom.
Historical Context
Historical Content
Historical Context/Summary of Period
Encouraged people of this era to do something daring-- to be heroic.
Fueled explorer, painters, and musicians.
Introduction of opium injections as a source of pleasure.
Historical Content
Historical context
In the past, artists depicted life somewhat in hopeful, optimistic society.
In realism, artists avoid happy scenarios to truthfully and realistically depict the struggles of daily life.
Historical Content
In order to emotionally, economically, and socially recover from the two world wars, and two depressions, people worked for a new civilization in which perfection was made a goal.
Writers now think of the future, and the past for their novels.(1984-George Orwell)

Historical Content
Authors/Works
Ulysses-
James Joyce

The Waste Land-
Thomas Stearns Eliot

Heart of Darkness-
Joseph Conrad
The Earth: Coatlicue-
Aztec Mythology
Story of Ahayuta-
Zuni Mythology
The Twins of White Shell Women-
Navajo Mythology
Settlers enjoyed a cleaner environment
Suffered a harsh first winter.
Relationships with natives resulted in either long disputes, or a mutually benefiting trade.
CONT
"The Enlightenment and Liberalism." The Enlightenment and Liberalism. N.p., n.d.

Web. 27 Aug. 2013.
Infoplease. Infoplease, n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2013.

PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2013.

"A Timeline of the Romantic Movement." A Timeline of the Romantic Movement. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2013.

"Transcendentalism." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 24 Aug. 2013. Web. 27 Aug. 2013.

"The Twentieth Century." The Twentieth Century. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2013.
Democracy began to spread
Rationalism birthed
Empiricism birthed to combat rationalism
New scientific philosophies-> Darwin's Theory
Scientific Revolution
Rebirth of Classical ideas/ philosophers
Summary of Period
Blurred the lines of reality and focused on feelings/emotions
Encouraged a new use of color, and abstract figures in art.
Literature abstained from realistic ideas or plots.
In America, known as "American Renaissance
Transcendentalism originated from New England congregationalists against 18th century rationalism
Based off of diverse sources, such as Hindu texts, and German Ideolism

The Human Comedy-
Honoré de Balzac

The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn-
Mark Twain

Daisy Miller-
Henry James
Authors/Works
People wrote and expressed feelings of postwar stress, and difficulties.
Many began following a new intellectual movement called Existentialism, where one seeks their real identity, because people deny their actual existence in the world
Historical Context
To Kill a Mockingbird-
Harper Lee

Letters to Felician
-
Bachmann Ingeborg

Stranger in the Village-
James Baldwin
Major Works/Authors
Modernism
(
1914
-
1939
) The Modernist Movement espoused Utopian ideas, striving for perfection in a new, war-ridden, scientifically re-invented world. Writing in the area revealed intense experimentation with expressionism. It also displayed insights into psychology.
(
1914
-
1918
) World War I
(
1918
-
1939
) Interwar Years
(
1939-1945
) World War II
Post-Modernism/Contemporary
(
1945
-
present
) The period that exists from after World War II to now. Its writing encompasses ideas from the Cold War such as communism. The Russians were in a continuous conflict of political and economic ideals with the United States of America.
(
1945
-
1989
) Cold War
(
1954
) Civil Rights Movement
(
2001
) 9/11 terrorist attacks
Works Cited
"ENGLISH LITERATURE." : FAMOUS WRITERS & THEIR WORK. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2013.

Fire: From Native American Myths at Americanfolklore.net." Fire: From Native American Myths at Americanfolklore.net. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2013.

"Native American Myths at Americanfolklore.net." Native American Myths at Americanfolklore.net. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2013.

"Navajo Folklore – Monster Slayer." Navajo Legends. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2013.

"Romancticism." - Literature Periods & Movements. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2013.

"Zuni Mythology." Zuni Mythology. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Aug. 2013.
Full transcript