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Bias in the Media

TOK presentation
by

Majeed Aschkar

on 25 October 2013

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Transcript of Bias in the Media

Background photo by t.shigesa
Identification of Knowledge Issues
Bias in the Media
Viewer's interpretation of events

Knowledge Issues: Biased Media; Selection of Evidence; Interpretation of Events.

Significance of my knowledge issue:
Daily experience as a form of propaganda


Biased Media:
Varies from country to country

Country's views

Propaganda



To What Extent Does the Selection of Evidence and Bias in the Media affect the Viewers' interpretation of events?
Conclusion
Real Life Situation
The on-going civil war in Syria and how the media has affected many opinions

The Arab spring and in particular the downfall of several leaders such as Muamar Gaddafi was influenced by media from the West.
Back Ground Information

Civil war; 'al-Assad Regime' vs 'FSA' (Free Syrian Army)

Ongoing since March 15, 2011.

Affect of media
Knowledge Issues/Perspectives
Biased Media:

Selection of Evidence:

Interpretation of Events:
Areas of Knowledge
Ethics: Is it really fair for us to not know the full story?

Is using language to persuade us considered 'right'?
Definitions
Bias: Prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair


Media: The main means of mass communication
Apple Dictionary
Ways of knowing
Sense Perception:

Language:

Emotion:

Reason:
Contrasting News:
News Event:
AL MANAR:
AL ARABIYA
Is It Ethical?
Against
SPJ (Society of Professional Journalists):
"To stimulate high standards and ethical behavior in the practice of journalism. "
"It is the role of journalists to provide this information in an accurate manner"

It is in their code of ethics to:
"Seek Truth and Report It" and to "Test the accuracy of information from all sources "

"The bias is overt, and even more problematic because those who are supposed to remedy it sometimes don't even have a full grasp of the extent of the problem."
Carol Platt Liebau


It is unethical to not give the truth
Sources:

http://www.spj.org/ethicscode.asp
http://cogentcomment.com/2013/04/04/about-that-evil-media-bias/
http://www.currentground.com/politics/can-media-bias-be-a-good-thing
http://prezi.com/4tfawf2h0hqg/media-bias/
http://www.alarabiya.net/ar/arab-and-world/syria/2013/06/14.html
http://www.theoryofknowledge.net/ways-of-knowing/reason/
http://mrhoyestokwebsite.com/Presentations/Hints%20&%20Tips/The%20Presentation%20-%20Structure.htm
http://teacher.scholastic.com/scholasticnews/indepth/upfront/grolier/mass_media.htm
http://inventors.about.com/od/pstartinventions/a/printing_3.htm
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/russia/8958475/Vladimir-Putin-lashes-out-at-America-for-killing-Gaddafi-and-backing-protests.html
http://edition.cnn.com/2013/06/07/world/meast/syria-french-journalists-missing/index.html
http://prezi.com/4tfawf2h0hqg/media-bias/
http://prezi.com/xhxcc3k9y0_i/media-bias/
http://www.aljazeera.com/programmes/listeningpost/2013/05/2013524183512735367.html
http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/lifematters/misunderstood-syria/4746936
http://s1.reutersmedia.net/resources/r/?m=02&d=20071210&t=2&i=2432131&w=460&fh=&fw=&ll=&pl=&r=2007-12-10T075217Z_01_L10545103_RTRUKOP_0_PICTURE0
http://previous.presstv.ir/photo/20130511/shamsara20130511070052547.jpg

For:
"While not the “whole” truth of anything, biased reporting does grant us perspective on issues that a bare bones reading of facts might not, and may raise questions you had not thought of before."


"Consuming biased media isn’t bad. Consuming media from a singular perspective probably is."
-Lauren Nelson


"The trend these days is for media outlets to step away from the boring practice of simply reporting the news..."
It is the peoples' responsibility to look at all sides of a story
Biased media is more profitable
There has been a decline of news media over the years and opinionated media is more interesting for the readers
My Opinion
Many perspectives needed


Knowers' Perspectives
News Reporters' Perspective
Audience's Perspective
Witness' perspective
Each knower has a different point of view and plays a different role in the interpretation of events.
Sense Perception
Not everything was perceived possibly because:
- selection of evidence;
-misinterpreted event;
-they might have forgotten what happened;

However:
-this information is primary;
-no altering.
Emotion
Emotion affects the way the witness may perceive the story and what areas of the story:

Example: Fright, joy, depression...


Language
How the event was described

Different words cause the event to be interpreted differently
Language
Barriers in the way the witness tells the story and the way the news reporter perceives it.
Sense Perception
Reporters may be biased because of their backgrounds so they will choose certain people for their information.
Selection of evidence
Reporters will only choose to listen to those that perceived what the reporter wants so he will select those to receive the evidence from.
Discussion
Language


Connotations and specific words such as 'clash' to perceive the audience

Powerful words affect the audience's interpretations
Perception
Through sight and sound the audience will perceive the media

Connotations may lead to misinterpretations
Emotion
Emotion can be a barrier to knowing because of biased perceptions and emotive language.
Shiite flag raised on a mosque in al-Qusair

"It was placed on the Imam Hassan Mujtaba (Shiite mosque)"

"It was placed on Omar bin Khattab (Sunni mosque) in al Qusair"
History
T’ang Dynasty in China in year 618 using ink on carved wooden blocks.

Word of mouth since beginning of language.
How it was used?
To give a God-like image.

To create a common enemy.

To influence opinion

Took many forms


MAJEED ASCHKAR
History: How long has this been happening?

Is this because of technology?
Selection of Evidence
YES
NO
Ethics
Full transcript