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Ancient Greece:Political system
Transcript of Ancient Greece:Political system
Learning target: Students will be able to learn about Ancient Greece's political structure and system throughout their years of success and failure.
The Greeks had a variety of governments because they were mainly broken up into city-states. not only that, but peoples ideas of government changed over time. For the most part, Greece began having monarchies, then oligarchies, then tyrannies, and then democracies. Greece was very successful during the bronze age, which brought prosperity to many city-states.
Diverse structure that took on many forms over the years of the ancient Greeks.
Rule could be anywhere from a single individual to all the male citizens.
Since the greeks were made up of several different city-states, each one had a different political structure.
Democracy was established by the Athens and eventually influenced other greek city-states.
oligarchy is a rule between few normally being the richer and more powerful people in a society.
Mainly consisted of wealthy aristocrats.
Most of the laws passed throughout society were not approved by citizens.
many citizens were forced to do hard labor because of the laws that were passed .
Ruling is in the hands of a single person, like a king.
One of the four forms of government in Ancient Greece.
Citizens had to obey the kings laws, pay taxes to him, and depend on him for defense.
Monarchy was replaced by a different system in which a few leaders ruled the city-state.
Ruling power is in the hands of all people.
The opposing of tyrants led to the creation of democracy in Athens.
Strictly only for males citizens of Athens, 30,000-40,000 males attended the Assembly.
Directed foreign policy, revised laws, and elected/demoted public officials.
A tyranny was a style of government in which one person takes power by force.
In ancient Greece most tyrants start helping citizens as they promise, but later disobey them.
usually tyrant gets power by getting common people to support him/her.
Many of Greece's tyrants abused their power bringing bad times to the Society.
By: Gustavo Perez & Roberto Ruiz
Social Structure in Ancient Greece
Currency in Ancient Greece
Ancient Greek Military
Sparta's Political System
Athenian Political System
Peasants and Politics
Craftsmanship in Greece
How gods Affect Politics
Women Roles in Ancient Greece
Greece had mainly broken down into 3 main classes consisting of Royalty, free people and Slaves.
Women had finally became a part in society and took part in political elections.
Rich aristocrats were seen as royalty and were to be obeyed.
Slaves were to be set free after 15 years of service.
Alexander lll (the Great)
Alexander wished to become the most powerful king.
He conquered the great Persian empire.
Destroyed one of his own cities to warn his other cities not to rebel against his rule.
Overall one of the most successful kings among the many Greek kings.
Before 600 B.C.E there was no monetary system in Greece.
Had a system of trading goods to acquire certain things.
Used a currency known as Drachma.
A worker in Athens could earn approximately 2 drachma a day.
Major Political Officials
During the Bronze Age each soldier fought for personal glory.
Considered ranged weapons like spears and bows cowardly.
Light infantry and cavalry used occasionally in battle.
Greek warriors were called hoplites, named after their shield the hoplon.
Aristotle was a philosopher that was the writer and thought of Alexander III.
Greeks had a diverse amount of political officials.
Since they were separated city-states, political officials varied.
Democracy consisted of all male citizens, no political officials.
Spartan kings gave up some of their power to wealthy classes in order to keep their authority.
Sparta had two kings, hereditary kings.
Kings were only military commanders and religious leaders.
Spartans were unique compared to most greek city-states because they never made it to democracy.
Greece was a technologically advanced society that relied heavily upon its government. It had a variety of governments stretching from a Tyranny into a large scale democracy. Although they had powerful leaders and military, their empire later collapsed due to internal and external conflicts. The Greeks were very political and worshiped there rulers as gods.
Greek ideas were all based upon mythology of gods honoring the political officials decisions.
There was a hierarchy in the system of gods.
Political officials would build massive temples to honor the gods
All political decisions were based on greek mythology.
The Athens invented the political system democracy.
The citizens made decisions by which they lived.
Males citizens overall controlled all parts of the political process.
Decisions were made in the assembly by which they voted by.
Women in ancient Greece made no major decions involving politics
Women were entirely dependent of men to perform these roles.
Women were very important in religion, and played major roles.
Women were used to bear children for the males, and care for family.
Males peasants and other low class men participated in assemblies.
Females couldn't not participate nor as high or low class.
Male peasants had the right to vote and actually have their decisions count towards society.
The only form of government they mainly had a voice in was democracy.
The olympics were a competition between the countries greatest athletes to please the gods.
The games were held at Olympia, the home of the olympics.
Was in honor of the god Zeus and he related extremely to political ideas.
Kept the gods "calm" after watching the olympics.
Greek philosopher and scientists that changed everything he studied.
Worked with logic, ethics, politics, biology, mathematics and much more.
First to develop and formalized system of reasoning.
Believed that people cultivate certain virtues based on their reasoning, from his work in politics and ethics.
Craftsmen helped build many of the extraordinary political buildings in Greece.
Free workers were not paid by hours, but by every construction they made
Workshops could not guarantee work to free men.
Pottery was a major role that helped in the process of building and designing.
Athens is the symbol of freedom, art and democracy.
The arts helped create the massive structures built by slaves and free worker.
The Greeks had many forms of rule in which each had its own meaning.
The most important system of government the Greeks invented was democracy, still used to this day.
Impact of Greek Political Systems
The Athens political system of democracy influenced countries like the Us.
Tyranny influenced societies of their time and now.
Monarchy influenced mostly the eastern part of the world.
They as well impacted future societies built on their empire.
Greek Religion and Politics
Some Greek political structures required the worship of certain gods.
Greek governments also forced citizens to believe in a certain religion.
Any citizens not worshiping the right gods received punishments like death.
Some religions ruled the city as if they were a form of government.