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Jim Crow Laws

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MC Johnson

on 28 January 2014

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Transcript of Jim Crow Laws

Since the federal troops withdrew, the country had fallen from a Republican Party, which supported human rights, to a Democratic party that had taken over, led by the
Over a course of about 20 years, the rights of
African Americans
quickly diminished
Treated practically like a slave, and lost all rights of having the same privileges as whites.
Soon, they were not able to be in the same room as whites, or even touch the same things
Jim Crow
was a slang term used to describe African Americans. It established different rules for blacks and whites.
During depressions,
appealed to white people who were afraid of losing their jobs to blacks.
During this time, people could rape or use arson against African Americans, unpunished. In Louisiana.
A law was passed, despite having 16 black members on the committee, that said that black and white people cannot ride together on a train.
1886 130,330 African Americans could vote.
White people made
only available to people who owned property or could read well
Then it was to whose grandfathers could vote
Finally, only people with
good character.
Over the course of eight years, only 1,342 black people could vote.
You cannot marry someone of a different race
Texas-6 towns where black people could not live
Mobile-curfew for African Americans at 10
Georgia-black and white parks
Oklahoma-white and black phone booths
The 1930's and 40's had several new Jim Crow Laws. People visiting the states stated that they would never African Americans unless they were serving white people.
During WWII, these laws were compared to Hitler's actions

Harry Truman
took actions to try to have equality in the U.S. He trained the armed forces to obey commands when they were asked to fight side by side by African Americans. They fought together during the Korean War.
In the 1950's, the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People), challenged the statement "separate but equal".
African American parents were upset with the overcrowded and poor schools that their children were sent to
decided to sue to get their children into white schools.
In this case, along with another similar one,
was upheld. Two other cases similar to this were grouped together in the case "Brown vs. Board of Education".
The court found that the segregation of schools violated the 14th amendment.
Racism became worse, and would eventually lead up to the civil right's movement.
On June 7, 1892 a 30 year old man named
Homer Plessy
was jailed for sitting in the "White" car of the East Louisiana Railroad
Plessy could easily pass for white but under Louisiana law he was considered black
When Louisiana passed the Separate Car Act legally segregating common carriers in 1892
A black civil rights organization decided to challenge the law in the courts
Plessy deliberately sat in the white section and identified himself as black
The object of the Fourteenth Amendment was to enforce the absolute equality of the two races before the law
He stated that "Our Constitution is color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens. In respect of civil rights all citizens are equal before the law."
Jim Crow Laws
By: Katelynn and Mary Claire
Background of the Jim Crow Laws
14th Amendment
KKK was first formed in 1866 by ex-Confederate soldiers
and other Southerns who were against the reconstruction after the Civil War.
It disbanded, but after 50 years, it was brought back together by William Joseph Simmons.
Klan was back together, he went on top of a mountain and set a cross on fire.
The KKK was a key factor for the Jim Crow laws that were set in place in the
The KKK burned down churches and schools, and forced people to leave their homes.
Their primary job was the kill African Americans, and even at times kill whites who taught African Americans in schools.
The Klu Klux Klan(KKK)
Laws in the States
The Beginning
Voting and Laws
Laws Cont. in Different States
1930's and WWII
Other Cases
Brown vs. Board of Education
Ratified on July 9, 1868
It gave citizenship to "all persons born or naturalized in the United States"
made it so no one could deny people of their "life, liberty, or property, without due process of the law".
This law was
though during the Jim Crow Laws
African Americans had the right to vote, and be on juries before the Jim Crow Laws were put in place.
The withdrawal of federal officers put the "white" laws back in place.
General Laws
Hospitals, orphanages, schools, and colleges were some of the many places that were
Signs with "No colored people allowed" written over it were all over the place
There were different school textbooks that children had to use and in the court, they used two different bibles
Anyone who promoted social equality could get arrested or fined
Plessy vs. Ferguson
Full transcript