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The Treaty of St. Germain
Transcript of The Treaty of St. Germain
St. Germain Presentation by: Kathrina Dabdoub, Jacob Adam &Zachary Jardine The Terms of the Treaty Geo-Political Consequences Signed: September 10, 1919 no further unions with Germany
disarmament (the army must be reduced to 30,000 men and all vessels must be surrendered)
abolition of conscription
reparations (to be paid over a period of 30 years)
loss of lands
recognize the independence of newly formed nations (Hungary, Poland, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia)
accept responsibility for causing the war, along with the other Central Powers
Hungary and Austria must be separated Italy had been promised lands in the Treaty of London (1915).
Of these lands, South Tyrol, Istria, Trieste and Trentino, were taken from Austria and given to Italy. Dalmatia went to Yugoslavia and Fiume became a free city.
Austria also lost:
Bosnia to Yugoslavia
Galicia to Poland
Bohemia and Moravia to Czechoslovakia
Overall, Austria lost 83,600 sq miles (72% of their original landmass) Other Consequences bankruptcy
population reduced from 30 million to 6.5 million
the loss of the thousands of farm animals, to three different states
loss of ports and, thus, less opportunities for trade, which was their main source of income. They could not trade with Germany because unions were banned, Russia was now communist and the newly formed state of Hungary could not support them for long.
loss of industrial areas
loss of coal mines (2 to Yugoslavia, 2 to Czechoslovakia and 1 to Hungary) “The Allied and Associated Governments affirm and Austria accepts the responsibility of Austria and her Allies for causing the loss and damage to which the Allied and Associated Governments and their nationals have been subjected as a consequence of the war imposed upon them by the aggression of Austria-Hungary and her Allies.” - Article 177 Maps